Research Article


DOI :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002   IUP :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002    Full Text (PDF)

Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law

Taner Ayanoglu

Construction of buildings, which has a special place in social life, and the changes made to them in the form of repair, alteration and addition are not only subjects of engineering, but also subjects of legal regulations. There may be modification requirements such as repairs, alterations or additions for various reasons in the buildings whose construction process is ongoing or for which the use permit has been obtained after the construction process has been completed. Building modifications are generally subject to a modification permit. Modification permits have an extremely important function in Turkish zoning and building law in terms of their relationship with the main building permit. Some modifications are not subject to a permit. A functional criterion is needed to distinguish between modifications that are subject to a permit and those that are not. For example, in buildings with permits (especially for pergolas and porches) there have been disputes about whether additions or the closing of balconies should be subject to a permit. A criterion can be drawn from the general philosophy of the Zoning and Building Act. This criterion can be defined as: among the repairs, changes, and additions to buildings with a permit, those in accordance with the building permit and its annexes will not require a modification permit; whereas those contrary to the building permit and its annexes will.

DOI :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002   IUP :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002    Full Text (PDF)

Türk İmar Hukukunda Tadilat Ruhsatının İşlevi ve Özellikleri

Taner Ayanoglu

Toplumsal yaşam içinde özel bir konumu olan binaların yapımı ve bunlarda onarım, değişiklik ve ekleme şeklinde tadilat yapılması, sadece tekniğin konusu olmayıp, aynı zamanda hukuksal düzenlemelerin de konusudur. Yapım süreci devam eden ya da yapım süreci bitirilerek yapı kullanma izni alınmış olan yapılarda çeşitli sebeplerle tamirat, değişiklik ve ilave yapma gibi tadilat gereksinimleri söz konusu olabilir. Ruhsatlı yapılardaki tadilatlar, kural olarak tadilat ruhsatına tabidir. İdari işlem kimliği taşıyan tadilat ruhsatları özellikleri ve yapı ruhsatıyla ilişkisi bakımından İmar Hukukunda son derece önemli bir işleve sahiptir. Öte yandan, ruhsatlı yapılarda gerçekleştirilecek bir kısım tadilat ise ruhsata tabi değildir. Bu noktada ruhsata tabi olan ve olmayan tadilatı birbirinden ayırmaya yarayacak işlevsel bir ölçüte ihtiyaç vardır. Örneğin yapı ruhsatı bulunan yapılarda özellikle pergola, sundurma vb. eklemeler yapmak ya da balkon kapatmak gibi işlerin ruhsata tabi olup olmadığı konusunda uygulamada çok sayıda uyuşmazlık çıkmaktadır. Ancak, İmar Kanunu’ndaki düzenlemelerin genel felsefesi ve ruhundan, ruhsatlı yapılarda yapılacak tamirat, değişiklik ve ilavelerden yapı ruhsatı ve eklerine uygun olanların tadilat ruhsatına tabi olmayacağı, fakat yapı ruhsatı ve eklerine aykırı olanların ise tadilat ruhsatına tabi olacağı yönünde bir kriter çıkarılabilir.


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APA

Ayanoglu, T. (2020). Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, 0(69), 37-60. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


AMA

Ayanoglu T. Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul. 2020;0(69):37-60. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


ABNT

Ayanoglu, T. Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 69, p. 37-60, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Ayanoglu, Taner,. 2020. “Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law.” Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul 0, no. 69: 37-60. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


Chicago: Humanities Style

Ayanoglu, Taner,. Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law.” Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul 0, no. 69 (Apr. 2021): 37-60. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


Harvard: Australian Style

Ayanoglu, T 2020, 'Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law', Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, vol. 0, no. 69, pp. 37-60, viewed 20 Apr. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Ayanoglu, T. (2020) ‘Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law’, Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, 0(69), pp. 37-60. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002 (20 Apr. 2021).


MLA

Ayanoglu, Taner,. Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law.” Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, vol. 0, no. 69, 2020, pp. 37-60. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


Vancouver

Ayanoglu T. Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul [Internet]. 20 Apr. 2021 [cited 20 Apr. 2021];0(69):37-60. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002 doi: 10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002


ISNAD

Ayanoglu, Taner. Function and Features of the Modification Permit in Turkish Zoning and Building Law”. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul 0/69 (Apr. 2021): 37-60. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0002



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Submitted27.09.2019
Accepted14.01.2020

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