Theoretical Article


DOI :10.26650/IAR2022-1191168   IUP :10.26650/IAR2022-1191168    Full Text (PDF)

After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community

Damla Karagöl

Two influential papers of Richard Lewontin “The Apportionment of Human Diversity” (1971) and “The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme” (1979) co-authored with Stephen Jay Gould have a profound effect on post-Darwinian evolutionary biology discourse. In his 1971 paper, he is credited for causing a major paradigm shift in scientific thought on race by demonstrating that there was more variation within human populations than between them. He also shares Gould’s joy in triggering another one by laying out the case of the adaptation in their 1979 paper. Lewontin’s contributions to the discussions on the relationship between race and genetics, as well as his adaptationist approach, had a tremendous political impact, which is consistent with his ideals as a “good scientist” since his definition of science entails producing politically useful knowledge. This paper assesses the two papers comprehensively , in terms of their scientific reliability and relevance to current political discussions. It also aims to discuss the concepts introduced by Lewontin such as “good science” and “politically responsible scientist”. It can be recommended that these ideas should be reconsidered and that their value as a legacy needs to be discussed again.


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APA

Karagöl, D. (2022). After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community. Istanbul Anthropological Review, 0(2), 139-152. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


AMA

Karagöl D. After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community. Istanbul Anthropological Review. 2022;0(2):139-152. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


ABNT

Karagöl, D. After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community. Istanbul Anthropological Review, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 2, p. 139-152, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Karagöl, Damla,. 2022. “After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community.” Istanbul Anthropological Review 0, no. 2: 139-152. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


Chicago: Humanities Style

Karagöl, Damla,. After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community.” Istanbul Anthropological Review 0, no. 2 (Jul. 2024): 139-152. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


Harvard: Australian Style

Karagöl, D 2022, 'After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community', Istanbul Anthropological Review, vol. 0, no. 2, pp. 139-152, viewed 20 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Karagöl, D. (2022) ‘After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community’, Istanbul Anthropological Review, 0(2), pp. 139-152. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168 (20 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Karagöl, Damla,. After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community.” Istanbul Anthropological Review, vol. 0, no. 2, 2022, pp. 139-152. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


Vancouver

Karagöl D. After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community. Istanbul Anthropological Review [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];0(2):139-152. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168 doi: 10.26650/IAR2022-1191168


ISNAD

Karagöl, Damla. After Lewontin: Dr. Pangloss and His Imagined Community”. Istanbul Anthropological Review 0/2 (Jul. 2024): 139-152. https://doi.org/10.26650/IAR2022-1191168



TIMELINE


Submitted18.10.2022
Accepted20.12.2022
Published Online30.12.2022

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