Research Article


DOI :10.26650/sdsl2020-0017   IUP :10.26650/sdsl2020-0017    Full Text (PDF)

An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences

Aysel Deregözü

The aim of this study is to examine Turkey’s new curriculum for German language teacher education in view of knowledge and skills related to core competences. For this aim, core competences identified in the EAQUALS Framework for Language Teacher Training and Development are specified and compared with domain – specific subjects in the new curriculum. Suggestions are then made to curriculum developers and practitioners on the basis of these findings. The study relies on qualitative research methods, specifically the application of document analysis to both texts. For this purpose, relevant knowledge and skills are categorized into key phases of “planning”, “performing” and “assessing and evaluating”. After categorization, domain – specific subjects of the new curriculum are specified, their contents examined and compared with the descriptions in the framework. This reveals that knowledge of the Common European Framework for Languages is absent from the curriculum. Also, subject contents in the planning phase differ from the framework. Furthermore, the essential subjects “Material Evaluation in German Language Teaching” and “New Technologies in German Language Teaching” are only elective. The compulsory subject “Preparing Tests in German Language Teaching” covers all knowledge areas defined in the framework. It is thus suggested that the elective subject “Evaluating In-Class Learning” be removed and that “Material Evaluation in German Language Teaching” and “New Technologies in German Language Teaching” be made compulsory. Finally, further revision of subject content in the planning phase is strongly advised. Keywords: Teacher education, language teaching, curriculum, foreign language, competence

DOI :10.26650/sdsl2020-0017   IUP :10.26650/sdsl2020-0017    Full Text (PDF)

Yeni Almanca Öğretmenliği Lisans Programının Ana Öğretim Yeterliliklerine Göre Değerlendirilmesi

Aysel Deregözü

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Almanca öğretmenliği lisans programını ana öğretim yeterlilikleri için gerekli olan bilgi ve beceriler açısından incelemektir. Bu amaç kapsamında, EAQUALS Yabancı Dil Öğretmenleri Eğitimi ve Gelişimi Çerçevesinde sunulan bilgi konuları incelenmiş, bilgi konularının içerik açısından Almanca öğretmenliği lisans programında ne derece karşılık bulduğu irdelenmiştir. Elde edilen bulgular doğrultusunda program geliştiricilere ve uygulayıcılara öneriler sunulmaktadır. Çalışmada doküman analizi yöntemi kullanılmaktadır. Çerçevede ana öğretim yeterlilikleri ve Almanca öğretmenliği lisans programı alan öğretimi dersleri incelenmiş, ana öğretim aşaması olan planlama, uygulama, ölçme ve değerlendirme kategorileri altında sınıflandırılmış ve karşılaştırılmıştır. Bulgulara göre, programda yer alan derslerin büyük ölçüde çerçevede yer alan konular ile içerik açısından uyumlu olduğu görülmektedir. Ancak planlama aşaması altında yer alan derslerde, ders amaçları ve çıktıları, öğrenci ihtiyaçlarını belirleme yöntemleri, öğrenme kuramları, öğrenme stilleri, ders oluşturma ve etkinliklerin çeşitlendirme yöntemleri, ders aşamalarını planlama gibi konularda çerçeveye göre eksiklikler olduğu saptanmaktadır. Uygulama ve ölçme ve değerlendirme aşamasında yer alan derslerin çerçeve tanımlamaları ile büyük ölçüde uyumlu olduğu görülmektedir. Ancak planlama ve ölçme ve değerlendirme aşamalarında çerçevede Avrupa Ortak Diller Çerçevesi temel ilke ve tanımlayıcılarına yer verilmesine karşılık, yeni programda yer almamaktadır. İçerik açısından çerçeveye göre zorunlu ders olması gereken Almanca Öğretiminde Materyal Tasarımı ve Almanca Öğretiminde Yeni Teknolojiler dersi seçmeli verilmektedir. Seçmeli dersler olan Almanca Öğretiminde Materyal Tasarımı ve Almanca Öğretiminde Yeni Teknolojiler derslerinin zorunlu dersler olarak verilmesi ve Sınıf İçi Öğrenmelerin Değerlendirilmesi seçmeli dersinin içerik açısından Almanca Öğretiminde Sınav Hazırlama dersi ile benzer olmasından dolayı programdan çıkarılması ve derslerin içerik açısından çerçeveye uyumlu hale getirilmesi önerilmektedir. 


EXTENDED ABSTRACT


This study aims to examine Turkey’s new curriculum for German language teacher education in terms of core competences. It also seeks to investigate how effectively domain – specific subjects promote prospective teachers’ core competence development. Using the qualitative method of document analysis, the study evaluates the domain – specific subjects in the new curriculum in comparison with the core competences in the EAQUALS Framework for Language Teacher Training and Development. First, knowledge and skills related to core competences are identified and categorized into key phases of “planning”, “performing” and “evaluating and assessing”. Second, domain – specific subjects in the new curriculum are specified and categorized into the aforementioned three phases on the basis of their content. Each category is compared to determine the extent to which subjects and their content are compatible with the indicators of the framework. The results show that domain-specific subjects intended to train and support core competences in German language teaching can be adequately categorized according to the above phases. In terms of content, some subjects cover knowledge areas belonging to more than one phase. Nonetheless, when only the main focus of each subject is considered, an overall categorization proves possible. Accordingly, three compulsory subjects can be categorized under the “planning” phase, five compulsory and three elective subjects under “performing” and one compulsory and one elective subject under “evaluating and assessing”. It is thus evident that more subjects pertain to “performing” than to other phases. Comparing subject content with the indicators of the EAQUALS Framework, it can be concluded that the content of subjects for the “planning” phase does not adequately cover knowledge areas in the Common European Framework for Languages, including its key principles and competence descriptors. Whether analyzed holistically or in detail, knowledge of the Common European Framework for Languages is absent from the curriculum. In particular, an examination of subject content shows that specific training in need analysis, learning styles, learning activities, and phases in language teaching needs to be added. The content of subjects in the “performing” phase appears to be adequate. The elective subjects “Material Evaluation in German Language Teaching” and “New Technologies in German Language Teaching” should however be compulsory as they cover essential knowledge areas for prospective German language teachers. Compulsory subjects in the “evaluating” phase adequately cover all required knowledge areas in the framework, thus the subject “Evaluating InClass Learning” seems redundant. The study thus concludes that the new curriculum incorporates a sufficient number of subjects exists to address the main phases of language teaching. It is suggested, however, that the elective subjects “Material Evaluation in German Language Teaching” and “New Technologies in German Language Teaching” need to be compulsory, while the elective subject “Evaluating In – Class Learning” should be omitted from the program on grounds of redundancy. Furthermore, there is an urgent need to add content to subjects reflecting the Common European Framework for Languages and its key principles and descriptors. Consequently, a revision of the curriculum is recommended with the aim of training prospective German language teachers in accordance with current expectations in the profession.



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APA

Deregözü, A. (2020). An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences. Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur, 0(44), 91-109. https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


AMA

Deregözü A. An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences. Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur. 2020;0(44):91-109. https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


ABNT

Deregözü, A. An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences. Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 44, p. 91-109, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Deregözü, Aysel,. 2020. “An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences.” Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur 0, no. 44: 91-109. https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


Chicago: Humanities Style

Deregözü, Aysel,. An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences.” Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur 0, no. 44 (Mar. 2021): 91-109. https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


Harvard: Australian Style

Deregözü, A 2020, 'An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences', Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur, vol. 0, no. 44, pp. 91-109, viewed 2 Mar. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Deregözü, A. (2020) ‘An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences’, Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur, 0(44), pp. 91-109. https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017 (2 Mar. 2021).


MLA

Deregözü, Aysel,. An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences.” Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur, vol. 0, no. 44, 2020, pp. 91-109. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


Vancouver

Deregözü A. An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences. Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur [Internet]. 2 Mar. 2021 [cited 2 Mar. 2021];0(44):91-109. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017 doi: 10.26650/sdsl2020-0017


ISNAD

Deregözü, Aysel. An Evaluation of the New Curriculum for German Language Teacher Education Programs in View of Core Competences”. Studien zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur 0/44 (Mar. 2021): 91-109. https://doi.org/10.26650/sdsl2020-0017



TIMELINE


Submitted10.07.2020
Accepted06.11.2020
Published Online26.12.2020

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