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DOI :10.26650/PB/AA08.2020.001.003   IUP :10.26650/PB/AA08.2020.001.003    Full Text (PDF)

Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin’in Endülüs’te Gelişen İslam Bilim Tarihi Çalışmalarına Katkıları

Cumhur Ersin Adıgüzel

Endülüs, İslam dünyasının bir parçası olduğu yaklaşık sekiz asırlık süreç boyunca, özellikle de İslam dünyasındaki bilimsel gelişmelerle bağlantılı olarak X-XIII. yüzyıllar arasında önemli bilim merkezlerinden biri olmuştur. Endülüslü bilginlerin matematik, astronomi, kartografya, tıp, eczacılık, botanik ve felsefe gibi alanlara dair telif ettikleri eserler, yazıldıkları alanlarla ilgilenen Hıristiyan veya Yahudi bilim adamlarınca büyük bir dikkatle takip ve tetkik edilmiş; kimi zaman henüz müellifleri hayattayken Arapçadan İbranice ve Latinceye yapılan tercümeler yoluyla Batı’da bilimsel çalışmaların gelişmesine son derece önemli katkılar sağlamıştır. Büyük bilim tarihçisi Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin, Endülüs’te gelişen İslam bilim tarihi eserlerinin taşıdıkları önemi bihakkın takdir etmiş ve Endülüs, Sezgin’in çalışmalarında önemli bir yer tutmuştur. Öyle ki Sezgin, çok yönlü bir bilgin olan İbn Sîd el-Baṭalyevsî; astronomi bilgini ez-Zerḳālî; Endülüs’te gelişen felsefî düşüncenin başlıca temsilcileri olan İbn Bâcce, İbn Ṭufeyl, İbn Rüşd ve İbn Seb‘în gibi kişi merkezli eserlerinin yanı sıra, tarihî coğrafya ve İslam felsefesinin Batı’ya aktarımı gibi bazı tematik çalışmalarını coğrafî olarak sadece Endülüs’e ayırmıştır. Bu çalışma, İslam medeniyetinin batı ucunda önemli bir bilim merkezi olarak öne çıkan Endülüs’te Müslüman bilginlerin telif ettikleri eserler ve bu eserler üzerine yapılan bilimsel çalışmalara Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin tarafından yapılan katkıları incelemeyi hedeflemektedir.


DOI :10.26650/PB/AA08.2020.001.003   IUP :10.26650/PB/AA08.2020.001.003    Full Text (PDF)

Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin’s Contributions to the History of Islamic Science Developed in al-Andalus

Cumhur Ersin Adıgüzel

Al-Andalus, a part of the Islamic world for approximately eight centuries, was one of the important centers of science in connection with scientific developments in the Islamic world particularly between the 10th and 13th centuries. Works written by Andalusian scholars in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, cartography, medicine, pharmacy, botany and philosophy were carefully followed and examined by Christian or Jewish scientists interested in these fields. Therefore, these works made significant contributions to the development of scientific studies in the West through translations from Arabic to Hebrew and Latin, even sometimes while the authors were still alive. Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin, an eminent historian of science, appreciated the significance of the history of Islamic science in al-Andalus and thus al-Andalus took a remarkable place in his works. In fact, Sezgin only devoted some his thematic studies, such as historical geography and the transmission of Islamic philosophy, to the West, while the rest was devoted to al-Andalus in addition to his individual-centered works such as his study of the versatile scholar Ibn Sīd al-Batalyawsī, the astronomy scholar al-Zarqālī and studies on Ibn Bājja, Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Sab‘īn, who were the main representatives of the philosophical thought developed at al-Andalus. This study aims to investigate the contributions of Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin regarding the works published by Muslim scholars in al-Andalus which stood out as an important science center at the western edge of Islamic civilization. Our study also includes an examination of his scientific studies on these works.



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