DOI :10.26650/PB/PS12.2019.002.047   IUP :10.26650/PB/PS12.2019.002.047    Full Text (PDF)

An attempt of the past: Nafi Atuf Kansu’s geography education guide for primary schools

Haluk Kayıcı

Geography education guide for elementary schools prepared by Nafi Atuf [Kansu] was published sequentially in various issues of the “Saʽy ü Tetebbu” periodical disseminated by teachers in Edirne between the years of 1911 – 1912 towards education. What motivated Mr. Nafi Atuf for this attempt, with his own words, was the fact that geography lessons were prominent as the most complicatedly, erratically, and jadedly given lessons in schools of the era. Having served as a geography teacher erstwhile and having published a book titled “Vatanımın Coğrafyası” (the Geography of My Homeland) as an introductory to geography, Nafi Atuf issued a geography guide which was more oriented in practice. Main objective of this study is to show that the aforesaid geography guide can be amended and used in the present, and to unearth this work which was prepared in consideration of elementary school students even though it was tough times of the Ottoman Empire. Being written in the old alphabet, chapters of the guide have been gathered from eight different issues of the periodical, have been translated, and simplified so as to make it easier to read in our day. In addition to this, the old geography terms have been left untouched and used with their present day synonyms, and the geography guide, which was drawn up as twenty-eight separate lessons, has been classified in main topics.


  • Cumhurbaşkanlığı Cumhuriyet Arşivi (CCA) google scholar
  • CCA. (1949). 030-10-00-00-77-509-7-5. google scholar
  • CCA. (1924). 030-11-1-00-8-31-2-7. google scholar
  • CCA. (1927). 030-10-00-00-196-343-9-1. google scholar
  • Cumhurbaşkanlığı Osmanlı Arşivi (COA) google scholar
  • COA. (09 Z. 1334/7 Ekim 1916). MF. MKT, 1219/62. google scholar
  • Çankaya, M. A. (1968-1969). Yeni Mülkiye Târihi ve Mülkiyeliler. Ankara: Mars Matbaası. google scholar
  • Erişirgil, M. E. (2010). Bildiklerim. (M. B. Varlık, Dü.) Ankara: Mülkiyeliler Birliği. google scholar
  • İnuğur, N. (1992). Türk Basın Tarihi. İstanbul: Gazeteciler Cemiyeti. google scholar
  • Kansu, I. (2016). Unutulmuş Bir Eğitim Devrimcisi Nafi Atuf Kansu. Ankara: Öğretmen Dünyası Yayınları. google scholar
  • Kansu, M. A.-Kansu I. (2011). Nafi Atuf Kansu (1890-1949) Yaşamı ve Yazıları. Ankara: Mülkiyeliler Birliği. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (15 Ağustos 1327/28 Ağustos 1911). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 1. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (13), 14-16. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (01 Eylül 1327/14 Eylül 1911). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 2. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (14), 15-19. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (15 Eylül 1327/28 Eylül 1911). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 3. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (15), 14-16. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (01 Teşrînisânî 1327/14 Kasım 1911). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 4. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (18), 12-14. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (01 Kanûnûevvel 1327/14 Aralık 1911). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 5. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (20), 12-13. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (01 Kanûnûsânî 1327/14 Ocak 1912). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 6. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (22), 18-20. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (01 Şubat 1327/14 Şubat 1912). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 7. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (24), 13-15. google scholar
  • Kansu, N. A. (15 Şubat 1327/28 Şubat 1912). Mektep Dersleri-Coğrafya 8. Saʽy ü Tetebbu, 2 (25), 17-18. google scholar
  • Sarıdal, V. (1950). Sonsuzluğa Kavuşan Nafi Atuf Kansu İçin. Ülkü (38), 12-16. google scholar
  • Topuz, H. (1996). Türk Basın Tarihi. İstanbul: Gerçek Yayınevi. google scholar
  • Unat, F. R. (1950). Nafi Atuf-Öğretmen, Terbiyeci, İdareci. Ülkü (38), 21-25. google scholar


Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.