1st Istanbul International Geography Congress Proceedings Book
Perceptions and attitudes of local community concerning historical and cultural properties of traditional fairs in ÇanakkaleEzgi Özey, Vedat Çalışkan
Various types of trade and market places, which reflect economic, cultural, and functional properties, have emerged in different parts of the world, among which traditional fairs are the most colorful and enduring examples. Traditional fairs are organizations in the form of livestock and commodity markets that are established for a temporary period, primarily at county centers and less often at villages. Besides serving as a means to supply society’s economic needs, they also provide entertainment along with social and cultural services. Some traditional fairs, particularly those in the South Marmara and Thrace regions, have lasted from the time of the Ottoman Empire to the present and retain remarkable importance. For example, some of the larger traditional fairs of the Çanakkale area have managed to survive into the present day. Some traditional fairs, particularly those in the South Marmara and Thrace Regions, have lasted from the time of the Ottoman Empire to the present and retain remarkable importance. For example, some of the larger traditional fairs of the Çanakkale area have managed to survive into the present day. This research focuses on Çanakkale Province, which has 14 traditional fairs established at 11 different places annually, thus adding it to the list of province with the largest quantity of traditional fairs in Turkey. Specifically, this study aims to assess local people’s recognition of the historical and cultural characteristics of the traditional fairs in Çanakkale and evaluate their social, cultural, and residential memory of the fairs. This research is based on the data collected in field studies, surveys, and interviews, conducted at Çanakkale central, Ayvacık, and Çan districts as well as Akçakoyun town in Yenice district during May and June 2018. The research findings show that surviving fairs in Çanakkale have an important place in the cultural memory of the local community; however, people’s knowledge of the traditional fairs’ history and later environmental and cultural transformations is very limited. Specifically, there has been little intergenerational transmission of knowledge about the local environment and history of the fairs.