1st Istanbul International Geography Congress Proceedings Book
The density analysis of international passenger transportation according to border gates in TurkeyMuzaffer Bakırcı, Müjde Aydoğdu
The main objective of the study is to analyse the efficiency and density of the international passengers transport crossing the border gates in Turkey. Within this framework, the main target of the study was to reveal the distribution and change of international passenger traffic according to the border gates, international freight transport is excluded. Although there is no active international passenger transportation in all, currently Turkey has 30 road border gates with 7 countries and 8 railway border gates with 6 countries. It also has the potential to serve international air transportation with its 55 airports and 88 international sea ports. The basic data of this study constitute the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK). International passenger data for the years 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2017 obtained from the mentioned institution were evaluated in separate tables according to the transportation systems and the data were also mapped with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in order to reveal the distribution and differentiation between the 1990-2017 periods. According to data from 2017, 93,082,443 passengers passing through Turkish border gates. Air transportation system (70.7%) had the largest share in this amount, followed by road transport (26.9%), maritime transport (2.3%) and rail transport (less than 1%).