Faces of Republican Turkey: Beyond the Modernization Hypothesis
Building a Public Sphere: Turkishorigin Workers in GermanyEmre Eren Korkmaz
Scores of migrants, who have been employed in various industries for decades, who pay taxes, are consumers and carry out their obligations are, however, unable to fully participate in the political process because of limitations and requirements of citizenship policies. In some cases, they are even barred from having a say in local administration. Representation and participation processes are however not limited to voting or being represented in the central or local administration. For instance, many Turkish-origin immigrants in Germany, who are unable to vote in municipal elections, can be elected as worker representatives and distinguish themselves as outstanding political figures, as they speak on behalf of all workers. This article elaborates on the transnational social spaces of immigrants as a unique form of public sphere, and demonstrates the similarities between the birth of the public sphere and the formation of the transnational social space, focusing on the experiences of Turkish-origin migrant workers in Germany.