The United Nations and its Conflict Resolution Role
The Israeli-lebanese Conflict in 2006 and the United Nations’ Search for ResolutionAli̇ Samir Merdan
Apart from an age-old Arab-Israeli dispute, which has fostered antipathy and agony in Muslim societies against Israel and the United States (US), and the West as a whole, the problems and conflicts which emerged in the Middle East after September 11, 2001 have become the current issues of international politics. The US intervention in Iraq led to civil wars and political instability. Iran’s nuclear program posed a threat to the US and Israel in particular, and to the international system in general. Since 2010, the “Arab Spring” has caused disturbances in countries such as Egypt and Tunisia, and it has evolved into civil war in Syria, Libya and Yemen. When the problems in Lebanon were added to such a complicated equation, the search for stability in the Middle East became a much more unattainable goal.
The political environment in Lebanon has activated some non-state organizations such as Hezbollah and Hamas.1 The Israeli-Lebanese conflict can be cited as an example of this. Israel launched a military operation after Hezbollah members crossed the Lebanon border, killed three Israeli soldiers and took two soldiers hostage in July 2006. This campaign came to an end with resolution 17012 approved by the United Nations (UN) Security Council on August 11, 2006. Following this act, fifteen thousand troops from the UN Peacekeeping Force were deployed in Southern Lebanon. Although a ceasefire between the parties came into force on August 14, 20063 , it is not possible to say that the problem was solved. In this sense the mission of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) has created many risks on several counts.