Volunteerism and Working with Volunteers
Online Volunteering and Non-Governmental OrganizationsDerya Kılıçalp
Due to reasons such as providing ease of access, enabling the efficient use of time, overcoming boundaries, and revealing volunteers’ potential, online volunteering has greatly excited volunteers and NGOs in our current era and created new areas of work and employment. Online volunteering has become widespread since the 1970s, when it first came to the fore, by differentiating according to the types of themes it has established in various institutions and the diversity of tools it uses, and has entered the world agenda more intensely since the turn of the century. Despite occurring less than in-person volunteering, online volunteering has continued to maintain its presence. With the COVID-19 pandemic, online volunteering has become more common than ever before, and the opportunities for being able to access it have increased. This section addresses topics such as what exactly this relatively new trend is (also known as digital volunteering, e-volunteering, virtual volunteering, and volunteering through digital communication), which activities it covers, its advantages and disadvantages, and its relationship with in-person volunteering. This section additionally seeks answers to questions such as, “Will online volunteering replace face-to-face volunteering, can online volunteering become sustainable, does online volunteering give birth to new inequalities in the wake of the opportunities it presents, and what is the point of ethical debates on online volunteering?”.