Research Article


DOI :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003   IUP :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003    Full Text (PDF)

IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”

Deniz Baran

The use of private military and security companies by states, particularly by those in the Middle East and Africa (MENA) region, has remarkably increased in the last decade. With the exponentially increasing use of private military and security companies, an important question arises: Why have many states started to prefer outsourcing one of their essential functions which is the monopoly on the use of force? Apparently, they have some good reasons such as cost efficiency, political non-liability or quicker and more qualified military service procurement. However, with the exponential proliferation of the private military and security companies (PMSCs) as the new actors of the “battlefield”, the accustomed rules of war have been changing, and still there are some uncertainties about how to regulate these new actors’ status and activities, which may often not be in compliance with the principles and norms of the international humanitarian law. To address these uncertainties, in this paper, the legal framework regarding the PMSCs will be examined. However, the examination will specifically be through the prism of international humanitarian law (IHL). By doing so, it is aimed to identify some remedies for the legal status problem of the PMSCs in this field of international law.

DOI :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003   IUP :10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003    Full Text (PDF)

“Şirket Savaşçılarının” Statü Sorununa İlişkin Uluslararası İnsancıl Hukukun Getirdiği Çözümler

Deniz Baran

Geçtiğimiz on yıl içerisinde özel askeri ve güvenlik şirketlerinin, Orta Doğu ve Kuzey Afrika bölgesindeki devletler başta olmak üzere, devletler tarafından kullanımı kaydadeğer derecede artmıştır. Bu şirketlerin gitgide daha fazla kullanılmasıyla birlikte önemli bir soru ortaya çıkmaktadır: Neden birçok devlet, sahip oldukları meşru kuvvet kullanımı tekeline rağmen böylesi temel bir işlevlerini dışarıya aktarmaktadır? Açıktır ki maliyet verimliliği, siyasi sorumsuzluk, daha hızlı ve nitelikli askeri hizmet temini gibi bazı iyi sebepler bulunmaktadır. Fakat “savaş alanının” gitgide daha yaygın hâle gelen bu yeni aktörleriyle birlikte savaşa ilişkin geleneksel kurallar değişmekte, ayrıca bu yeni aktörlerin statülerinin ve sıklıkla uluslararası insancıl hukukun ilke ve kurallarına uyum göstermeyebilen faaliyetlerinin nasıl düzenleneceğine ilişkin bazı belirsizlikler hâlâ sürmektedir. Bu makalede, söz konusu belirsizliklere bir çözüm bulabilmek amacıyla özel askeri ve askeri şirketlerine ilişkin yasal çerçeve incelenecektir. Ancak bu inceleme özel olarak uluslararası insancıl hukuk perspektifinden yapılacaktır. Böylelikle, uluslararası hukukun bu alanının özel askeri ve güvenlik şirketlerinin hukuk statü sorununa ilişkin ortaya koyduğu çözümler tespit edilmeye çalışılacaktır.


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APA

Baran, D. (2020). IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, 0(69), 61-86. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


AMA

Baran D. IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul. 2020;0(69):61-86. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


ABNT

Baran, D. IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 69, p. 61-86, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Baran, Deniz,. 2020. “IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”.” Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul 0, no. 69: 61-86. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


Chicago: Humanities Style

Baran, Deniz,. IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”.” Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul 0, no. 69 (May. 2021): 61-86. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


Harvard: Australian Style

Baran, D 2020, 'IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”', Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, vol. 0, no. 69, pp. 61-86, viewed 15 May. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Baran, D. (2020) ‘IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”’, Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, 0(69), pp. 61-86. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003 (15 May. 2021).


MLA

Baran, Deniz,. IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”.” Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul, vol. 0, no. 69, 2020, pp. 61-86. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


Vancouver

Baran D. IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors”. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul [Internet]. 15 May. 2021 [cited 15 May. 2021];0(69):61-86. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003 doi: 10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003


ISNAD

Baran, Deniz. IHL’s Remedies for the Legal Status Problem of the “Corporate Warriors””. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul 0/69 (May. 2021): 61-86. https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2020.69.0003



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Submitted27.09.2019
Accepted14.01.2020
Published Online28.01.2020

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