Research Article


DOI :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017   IUP :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017    Full Text (PDF)

Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul

Fatma Selva Suman

Transformations in the socio-cultural structure of Istanbul that started in the eighteenth century were reflected in the architectural fabric of the city. In the meantime the Ottoman capital witnessed a growing appropriation of foreign architectural features and the emergence of a hybrid stylistic vocabulary. Westernization of the society was accompanied by an intensive building activity during the post-Tanzimat (1839) years, and consequently the rise of new buildings with western façades became the new trend. This study involves an introduction to the Neoclassical style in nineteenth-century Istanbul, focusing on funerary monuments displaying this stylistic vocabulary at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery. Established in the 1850’s, this cemetery where mostly prominent Levantines and their families are inhumed, is the largest Catholic burial ground in the city. Among a wide variety of styles, there are also a significant number of funerary structures built in the Neoclassical idiom. The analysis covers some of these tombs expounding on the ornamental features reflecting the Classical Revivalist style prevalent in Europe in the nineteenth century.

DOI :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017   IUP :10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017    Full Text (PDF)

İstanbul Feriköy Latin Katolik Mezarlığında Neoklasik Yapılar

Fatma Selva Suman

İstanbul’da onsekizinci yüzyılda başlayan sosyokültürel değişimler kentin mimari dokusuna da yansımış, yabancı mimari unsurların artarak kullanılması ile karışık bir üslup dili görülmeye başlamıştır. Toplumda “Batılılaşma” hareketleri ile Tanzimat sonrası yıllarda görülen yoğun yapılaşma sonucu Osmanlı başkentinde batılı tarzları anımsatan cepheler ve bezeme unsurları ile yeni yapılar görülmeye başlamıştır. Bu çalışmada, ondokuzuncu yüzyıl İstanbul’unda Neoklasik üslubun kısa bir tanıtımı yapılarak Feriköy Latin Katolik Mezarlığında bu tarzı sergileyen mezar anıtları ele alınmaktadır. 1850’lerde kurulmuş olan mezarlıkta çoğunlukla Levanten aileler gömülü olup halen kentin en büyük Katolik mezarlığı olma özelliğini sürdürmektedir. Burada görülen mezar yapıları, aralarında pek çok Neoklasik tarz da bulunan farklı üslupları yansıtmaktadır. Bunlar arasında yer alan mezarlar incelenirken, ondokuzuncu yüzyılda Avrupa’da yaygınlaşan Neoklasik üslubu işaret eden bezeme unsurları da irdelenmektedir. 


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APA

Suman, F. (2019). Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul. Art-Sanat, 0(11), 365-392. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


AMA

Suman F. Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul. Art-Sanat. 2019;0(11):365-392. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


ABNT

Suman, F. Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul. Art-Sanat, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 11, p. 365-392, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Suman, Fatma Selva,. 2019. “Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul.” Art-Sanat 0, no. 11: 365-392. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


Chicago: Humanities Style

Suman, Fatma Selva,. Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul.” Art-Sanat 0, no. 11 (Feb. 2023): 365-392. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


Harvard: Australian Style

Suman, F 2019, 'Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul', Art-Sanat, vol. 0, no. 11, pp. 365-392, viewed 1 Feb. 2023, https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Suman, F. (2019) ‘Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul’, Art-Sanat, 0(11), pp. 365-392. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017 (1 Feb. 2023).


MLA

Suman, Fatma Selva,. Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul.” Art-Sanat, vol. 0, no. 11, 2019, pp. 365-392. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


Vancouver

Suman F. Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul. Art-Sanat [Internet]. 1 Feb. 2023 [cited 1 Feb. 2023];0(11):365-392. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017 doi: 10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017


ISNAD

Suman, Fatma Selva. Neoclassical Funerary Monuments at the Feriköy Latin Catholic Cemetery in Istanbul”. Art-Sanat 0/11 (Feb. 2023): 365-392. https://doi.org/10.26650/artsanat.2019.11.0017



TIMELINE


Submitted28.09.2018
Accepted14.12.2018

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