Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ASE20231388480   IUP :10.26650/ASE20231388480    Full Text (PDF)

Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye

Pelin Saliha Çiftçi TüretkenGülşen AltuğMeryem ÖztaşSelma Dilara Karaman BaşSerap Koşal Şahin

Bacterial pollution is the presence of harmful bacteria in aquatic ecosystems, which can cause health problems if ingested. These bacteria originate from a variety of sources, including human and animal waste, agricultural runoff, and untreated sewage. This study aimed to assess the levels of bioindicator bacteria and their associations with various environmental parameters in surface water samples. The samples were collected seasonally from five stations along Riva Stream between March 2018 and January 2019. Indicator bacterial levels were determined using membrane filtration. Temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and conductivity values of the stations were measured in situ during sampling using a multiparameter (YSI). As a result of the sampling, maximum total coliform, fecal coliform, and intestinal enterococci levels were recorded as 24 x 103 CFU/100ml, 18 x 103 CFU/100ml and 24 x 102 CFU/100 ml, respectively. During sampling, the indicator bacterial levels were above the limit at all stations. When the FC/IE ratios were analyzed, the maximum FC/IE ratio was recorded as 52.10 during the winter sampling period at the station. The detection of bioindicator bacteria levels above the standard limit throughout the sampling period (especially during the summer period) was associated with a high level of domestic waste in the region. The results showed that more frequent and detailed monitoring studies should be conducted in this region. 


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APA

Çiftçi Türetken, P.S., Altuğ, G., Öztaş, M., Karaman Baş, S.D., & Koşal Şahin, S. (2024). Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 39(2), 88-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480


AMA

Çiftçi Türetken P S, Altuğ G, Öztaş M, Karaman Baş S D, Koşal Şahin S. Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2024;39(2):88-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480


ABNT

Çiftçi Türetken, P.S.; Altuğ, G.; Öztaş, M.; Karaman Baş, S.D.; Koşal Şahin, S. Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, [Publisher Location], v. 39, n. 2, p. 88-94, 2024.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Çiftçi Türetken, Pelin Saliha, and Gülşen Altuğ and Meryem Öztaş and Selma Dilara Karaman Baş and Serap Koşal Şahin. 2024. “Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 39, no. 2: 88-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480


Chicago: Humanities Style

Çiftçi Türetken, Pelin Saliha, and Gülşen Altuğ and Meryem Öztaş and Selma Dilara Karaman Baş and Serap Koşal Şahin. Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 39, no. 2 (Apr. 2024): 88-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480


Harvard: Australian Style

Çiftçi Türetken, PS & Altuğ, G & Öztaş, M & Karaman Baş, SD & Koşal Şahin, S 2024, 'Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye', Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 88-94, viewed 23 Apr. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Çiftçi Türetken, P.S. and Altuğ, G. and Öztaş, M. and Karaman Baş, S.D. and Koşal Şahin, S. (2024) ‘Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye’, Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 39(2), pp. 88-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480 (23 Apr. 2024).


MLA

Çiftçi Türetken, Pelin Saliha, and Gülşen Altuğ and Meryem Öztaş and Selma Dilara Karaman Baş and Serap Koşal Şahin. Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 39, no. 2, 2024, pp. 88-94. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480


Vancouver

Çiftçi Türetken PS, Altuğ G, Öztaş M, Karaman Baş SD, Koşal Şahin S. Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering [Internet]. 23 Apr. 2024 [cited 23 Apr. 2024];39(2):88-94. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480 doi: 10.26650/ASE20231388480


ISNAD

Çiftçi Türetken, PelinSaliha - Altuğ, Gülşen - Öztaş, Meryem - Karaman Baş, SelmaDilara - Koşal Şahin, Serap. Bio-indicator Bacteria Levels in Riva Stream, an Important Stream in İstanbul, Türkiye”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 39/2 (Apr. 2024): 88-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20231388480



TIMELINE


Submitted09.11.2023
Accepted16.01.2024
Published Online22.03.2024

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