Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ASE20241424227   IUP :10.26650/ASE20241424227    Full Text (PDF)

Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara

İsmail Burak DabanYusuf ŞenAlkan ÖztekinAdnan AyazUğur AltınağaçAli İşmenAhsen YüksekUğur ÖzekinciFikret ÇakırTekin DemirkıranGençtan Erman UğurOğuzhan AyazBuminhan Burkay Selçuk

Between 2021-2022, a dense mucilage disaster occurred in the Sea of Marmara in Türkiye. Mucilage mostly covered coastal areas, which juvenile fish use for nurseries, growth, and protection. Due to Sand steenbras having been suggested as an environmental bioindicator species for Mediterranean coastal waters, this study attempts to reveal post-mucilage distribution and potential differences on the timing of hatching, daily age, growth, and mortality as revealed by the otolith microstructure. Individuals were sampled using beach seine nets from 12 equally spaced stations along the Sea of Marmara. Its presence and significant abundance in 10 out of 12 stations showed the Sand steenbras to be a common juvenile species for the Sea of Marmara. Hatching occurs between May-January, with peak hatching occurring in October. When considering that the mucilage had completely disappeared from the environment in August, the first set of hatching months can be seen to coincide with the dense mucilage. Thus, Sand steenbras can be considered as able to reproduce under these environmental conditions. The daily age of the Sand steenbras juveniles ranged between 38-235 days, with a mean of 120.3 ± 1.8 days. The daily growth and mortality rates were also calculated respectively as 0.226 mm/day and 4.11%.


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APA

Daban, İ.B., Şen, Y., Öztekin, A., Ayaz, A., Altınağaç, U., İşmen, A., Yüksek, A., Özekinci, U., Çakır, F., Demirkıran, T., Uğur, G.E., Ayaz, O., & Selçuk, B.B. (2024). Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 39(3), 148-155. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227


AMA

Daban İ B, Şen Y, Öztekin A, Ayaz A, Altınağaç U, İşmen A, Yüksek A, Özekinci U, Çakır F, Demirkıran T, Uğur G E, Ayaz O, Selçuk B B. Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2024;39(3):148-155. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227


ABNT

Daban, İ.B.; Şen, Y.; Öztekin, A.; Ayaz, A.; Altınağaç, U.; İşmen, A.; Yüksek, A.; Özekinci, U.; Çakır, F.; Demirkıran, T.; Uğur, G.E.; Ayaz, O.; Selçuk, B.B. Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, [Publisher Location], v. 39, n. 3, p. 148-155, 2024.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Daban, İsmail Burak, and Yusuf Şen and Alkan Öztekin and Adnan Ayaz and Uğur Altınağaç and Ali İşmen and Ahsen Yüksek and Uğur Özekinci and Fikret Çakır and Tekin Demirkıran and Gençtan Erman Uğur and Oğuzhan Ayaz and Buminhan Burkay Selçuk. 2024. “Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 39, no. 3: 148-155. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227


Chicago: Humanities Style

Daban, İsmail Burak, and Yusuf Şen and Alkan Öztekin and Adnan Ayaz and Uğur Altınağaç and Ali İşmen and Ahsen Yüksek and Uğur Özekinci and Fikret Çakır and Tekin Demirkıran and Gençtan Erman Uğur and Oğuzhan Ayaz and Buminhan Burkay Selçuk. Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 39, no. 3 (Jun. 2024): 148-155. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227


Harvard: Australian Style

Daban, İB & Şen, Y & Öztekin, A & Ayaz, A & Altınağaç, U & İşmen, A & Yüksek, A & Özekinci, U & Çakır, F & Demirkıran, T & Uğur, GE & Ayaz, O & Selçuk, BB 2024, 'Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara', Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 148-155, viewed 22 Jun. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Daban, İ.B. and Şen, Y. and Öztekin, A. and Ayaz, A. and Altınağaç, U. and İşmen, A. and Yüksek, A. and Özekinci, U. and Çakır, F. and Demirkıran, T. and Uğur, G.E. and Ayaz, O. and Selçuk, B.B. (2024) ‘Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara’, Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 39(3), pp. 148-155. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227 (22 Jun. 2024).


MLA

Daban, İsmail Burak, and Yusuf Şen and Alkan Öztekin and Adnan Ayaz and Uğur Altınağaç and Ali İşmen and Ahsen Yüksek and Uğur Özekinci and Fikret Çakır and Tekin Demirkıran and Gençtan Erman Uğur and Oğuzhan Ayaz and Buminhan Burkay Selçuk. Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara.” Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 39, no. 3, 2024, pp. 148-155. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227


Vancouver

Daban İB, Şen Y, Öztekin A, Ayaz A, Altınağaç U, İşmen A, Yüksek A, Özekinci U, Çakır F, Demirkıran T, Uğur GE, Ayaz O, Selçuk BB. Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering [Internet]. 22 Jun. 2024 [cited 22 Jun. 2024];39(3):148-155. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227 doi: 10.26650/ASE20241424227


ISNAD

Daban, İsmailBurak - Şen, Yusuf - Öztekin, Alkan - Ayaz, Adnan - Altınağaç, Uğur - İşmen, Ali - Yüksek, Ahsen - Özekinci, Uğur - Çakır, Fikret - Demirkıran, Tekin - Uğur, GençtanErman - Ayaz, Oğuzhan - Selçuk, BuminhanBurkay. Post-Mucilage Distribution, Daily Growth, Mortality, and Hatch Date Timing of Sand steenbras Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Juveniles in the Sea of Marmara”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 39/3 (Jun. 2024): 148-155. https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE20241424227



TIMELINE


Submitted07.02.2024
Accepted15.03.2024
Published Online21.05.2024

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