Songs About The Đurumlije in Music EducationNaka Nikšić
From 1915 to 1918, the Bosniaks of the Sanjak of Novi Pazar left in an organized fashion to multiple fronts to defend the Ottoman Empire. They were between the ages of 18 and 50 and were known as volunteer fighters or đurumlije, and that very event today is known as ‘going to join the đurumlije’ or odlazak u đurumlije. Although more than one century has passed since then, in the folk songs of the Bosniaks from the Sanjak of Novi Pazar the memory of this historical event still remains. This paper aims to preserve the folk songs about the đurumlije and point out the need and possibility of their being passed on and nurtured as part of music education in those areas of Serbia inhabited by a Bosniak majority. A theoretical analysis was selected as the method for defining the research topic, while, the Finnish method was used to transcribe the songs. When adapting the recorded songs to the requirements of music education classes, transposing and simplifying the melisma were used. The paper outlines and thematically organizes the ethnomusicological recordings of 12 songs about the đurumlije and indicates their methodological applicability in music education as part of music appreciation and performance. It is our hope that this paper will help keep these songs safe from oblivion and that their implementation in music education will strengthen the cultural identity of the Bosniaks of Sanjak.