Research Article


DOI :10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005   IUP :10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005    Full Text (PDF)

Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.

Nihal Gören SağlamKevser DuygunGülay KayaFiliz Vardar

Objective: Germination and senescence are the two most important developmental processes in the plant life cycle. While seed germination is an important physiological event for the continuity of species, leaf senescence is also an important developmental process that impacts crop yields. Karrikins are a group of plant growth regulators found in the smoke generated by burning plant material. It has been suggested that karrikinolide (KAR1) is generally the most active karrikin in terms of stimulating germination. Materials and Methods: In this study, the effect of karrikinolide on germination and leaf segment senescence in wheat was investigated. For this purpose, control, 1 nM, 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 μM KAR1 solutions were used. Firstly, the wheat seeds were germinated in the dark in these solutions and germination percentages and root lengths were measured. Secondly, 4 of first leaf segments (3cm. each) from 10-day-old wheat seedlings were placed in petri dishes containing 1, 10, 100 μM KAR1 and distilled water as a control. Following incubation, fresh weight, chlorophyll content, cell death amounts and total protein amounts were determined. Results: The obtained data shows that 1 μM KAR1 promotes germination and root length to the greatest extent. This suggests that karrikins have a promoting effect on the germination of wheat seeds. Our results demonstrate that KAR1 has no effect on leaf segment senescence. Conclusion: Our study suggests that KAR1 has the potential to be used in agriculture to improve germination and seedling growth of crop species.

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APA

Gören Sağlam, N., Duygun, K., Kaya, G., & Vardar, F. (2019). Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.. European Journal of Biology, 78(2), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


AMA

Gören Sağlam N, Duygun K, Kaya G, Vardar F. Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.. European Journal of Biology. 2019;78(2):69-74. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


ABNT

Gören Sağlam, N.; Duygun, K.; Kaya, G.; Vardar, F. Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.. European Journal of Biology, [Publisher Location], v. 78, n. 2, p. 69-74, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Gören Sağlam, Nihal, and Kevser Duygun and Gülay Kaya and Filiz Vardar. 2019. “Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L..” European Journal of Biology 78, no. 2: 69-74. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


Chicago: Humanities Style

Gören Sağlam, Nihal, and Kevser Duygun and Gülay Kaya and Filiz Vardar. Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L..” European Journal of Biology 78, no. 2 (Oct. 2022): 69-74. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


Harvard: Australian Style

Gören Sağlam, N & Duygun, K & Kaya, G & Vardar, F 2019, 'Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.', European Journal of Biology, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 69-74, viewed 6 Oct. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Gören Sağlam, N. and Duygun, K. and Kaya, G. and Vardar, F. (2019) ‘Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.’, European Journal of Biology, 78(2), pp. 69-74. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005 (6 Oct. 2022).


MLA

Gören Sağlam, Nihal, and Kevser Duygun and Gülay Kaya and Filiz Vardar. Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L..” European Journal of Biology, vol. 78, no. 2, 2019, pp. 69-74. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


Vancouver

Gören Sağlam N, Duygun K, Kaya G, Vardar F. Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.. European Journal of Biology [Internet]. 6 Oct. 2022 [cited 6 Oct. 2022];78(2):69-74. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005 doi: 10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005


ISNAD

Gören Sağlam, Nihal - Duygun, Kevser - Kaya, Gülay - Vardar, Filiz. Karrikinolide Promotes Seed Germination but Has no Effect on Leaf Segment Senescence in Triticum aestivum L.”. European Journal of Biology 78/2 (Oct. 2022): 69-74. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2019.0005



TIMELINE


Submitted11.04.2019
Accepted18.07.2019
Published Online06.12.2019

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