Research Article


DOI :10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161   IUP :10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161    Full Text (PDF)

Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region

Betül GümüşlüoğluNesrin Özsoy Erdaş

Objective: Legionella bacteria are waterborne environmental pathogens that are considered a public health problem because they cause Legionnaires' disease, which is a nationally notifiable disease. Materials and Methods: Legionella analysis was performed in a total of 651 water samples collected during the years 2015 (450) – 2016 (201). Water samples were collected from hospitals (64.66%), hotels (15.05%), the automotive industry (14.43%) and from the buildings (5.83%) in the Central Anatolia Region. After the isolation of Legionella by the filtration and culturing method, serogroup and subtypes were determined via latex agglutination tests and the direct fluorescent antibody method. Results: In 2015, the Legionella positivity rate was 8.6%, where 28.2% of detections were from L. pneumophila serogroup-1. Six isolates were found to be Philadelphia, four were Olda, and one was Bellingham subgroup. Overall, 64.1% were L. pneumophila serogroup 2-14. Moreover, 14 isolates were SG-5, 10 were SG-6, and one was SG-10. 7.7% were unidentified Legionella species. The Legionella species identified were L. micdadei and L. longbeachae. In 2016, the Legionella positivity rate was 10.4%, with 28.6% of them being from L. pneumophila serogroup-1. Four were found to be Olda and two were Philadelphia subgroups. Overall, 66.6% of them were L. pneumophila serogroup 2-14. Moreover, six of them were SG-5, four were SG-6, and four were SG-2. 4.7% were unidentified Legionella species. There was only one species detected as L. micdadei. Conclusions: It has been observed that the distribution of Legionella has exhibited diversity in different water systems throughout the Central Anatolia Region.


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APA

Gümüşlüoğlu, B., & Özsoy Erdaş, N. (2022). Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region. European Journal of Biology, 81(1), 41-49. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


AMA

Gümüşlüoğlu B, Özsoy Erdaş N. Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region. European Journal of Biology. 2022;81(1):41-49. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


ABNT

Gümüşlüoğlu, B.; Özsoy Erdaş, N. Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region. European Journal of Biology, [Publisher Location], v. 81, n. 1, p. 41-49, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Gümüşlüoğlu, Betül, and Nesrin Özsoy Erdaş. 2022. “Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region.” European Journal of Biology 81, no. 1: 41-49. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


Chicago: Humanities Style

Gümüşlüoğlu, Betül, and Nesrin Özsoy Erdaş. Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region.” European Journal of Biology 81, no. 1 (Oct. 2022): 41-49. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


Harvard: Australian Style

Gümüşlüoğlu, B & Özsoy Erdaş, N 2022, 'Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region', European Journal of Biology, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 41-49, viewed 6 Oct. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Gümüşlüoğlu, B. and Özsoy Erdaş, N. (2022) ‘Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region’, European Journal of Biology, 81(1), pp. 41-49. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161 (6 Oct. 2022).


MLA

Gümüşlüoğlu, Betül, and Nesrin Özsoy Erdaş. Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region.” European Journal of Biology, vol. 81, no. 1, 2022, pp. 41-49. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


Vancouver

Gümüşlüoğlu B, Özsoy Erdaş N. Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region. European Journal of Biology [Internet]. 6 Oct. 2022 [cited 6 Oct. 2022];81(1):41-49. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161 doi: 10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161


ISNAD

Gümüşlüoğlu, Betül - Özsoy Erdaş, Nesrin. Serotyping of Legionella Bacteria Isolated from Various Water Systems in the Central Anatolia Region”. European Journal of Biology 81/1 (Oct. 2022): 41-49. https://doi.org/10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1054161



TIMELINE


Submitted26.01.2022
Accepted05.05.2022
Published Online07.06.2022

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