Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842   IUP :10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842    Full Text (PDF)

A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five

Emin KarataşAyyüce Memiş Karataş

This research discusses the causal relationship among the exchange rates, 10-year bond yields, and Central Bank policy rates with regard to the countries known as the Fragile Five (F5) by comparing them to global indicators such as gold, Bitcoin price, and the Volatility Index (VIX). The study takes into consideration the bond yields, exchange rates, and interest rates of Türkiye, India, Indonesia, South Africa and Brazil in terms of their causal relationship with one another. The study also identifies some causal relationships among gold, bitcoin, and VIX with each other as global indicators by using the Toda Yamamoto approach to the Granger causality test. This study has arrived at the conclusion that a causal relationship exists between exchange rates and interest rates for Türkiye, Indonesia, and South Africa but not for Brazil or India. VIX is the most significant variable, as it is affected by seven different variables, including policy rates and different exchange rates. In addition, none of the variables are seen to Granger cause bitcoin’s price.

JEL Classification : F30 , F62 , J52

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APA

Karataş, E., & Memiş Karataş, A. (2023). A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five. EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, 0(39), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


AMA

Karataş E, Memiş Karataş A. A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five. EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics. 2023;0(39):65-75. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


ABNT

Karataş, E.; Memiş Karataş, A. A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five. EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 39, p. 65-75, 2023.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Karataş, Emin, and Ayyüce Memiş Karataş. 2023. “A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five.” EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics 0, no. 39: 65-75. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


Chicago: Humanities Style

Karataş, Emin, and Ayyüce Memiş Karataş. A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five.” EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics 0, no. 39 (Jul. 2024): 65-75. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


Harvard: Australian Style

Karataş, E & Memiş Karataş, A 2023, 'A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five', EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, vol. 0, no. 39, pp. 65-75, viewed 20 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Karataş, E. and Memiş Karataş, A. (2023) ‘A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five’, EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, 0(39), pp. 65-75. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842 (20 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Karataş, Emin, and Ayyüce Memiş Karataş. A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five.” EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, vol. 0, no. 39, 2023, pp. 65-75. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


Vancouver

Karataş E, Memiş Karataş A. A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five. EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];0(39):65-75. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842 doi: 10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842


ISNAD

Karataş, Emin - Memiş Karataş, Ayyüce. A Causal Relationship Among the Financial Indicators of Bitcoin, Gold, and VIX: An Empirical Analysis of the Fragile Five”. EKOIST Journal of Econometrics and Statistics 0/39 (Jul. 2024): 65-75. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2023.39.1271842



TIMELINE


Submitted27.03.2023
Accepted21.09.2023
Published Online27.12.2023

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