Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652   IUP :10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652    Full Text (PDF)

Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey

Esra Nazmiye Kılcı

Many researchers indicate that health expenditures positively contribute to economic growth and prosperity, emphasizing that when healthy individuals are more efficient, they make a huge contribution to human capital, which in turn improves productivity. There is also a relationship between economic growth and health expenditures, meaning that health expenditure is a function of income and higher income leads to an increase in spending on health. In this study, we assess whether economic growth has an impact on healthcare expenditure by focusing on an emerging market economy. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to test the impact of economic performance on health expenditure per capita for Turkey in the period of 1999-2018. In the analysis, the unit root properties are tested by using RALS (Residual Augmented Least Squares) ADF and traditional Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root tests. In order to examine the long-run relationship between economic growth and health expenditure per capita, we employ the RALS Engle-Granger and traditional Engle-Granger cointegration tests. The findings of our analysis support the evidence of a long-run impact of economic growth on healthcare expenditure per capita for Turkey in the relevant period.

DOI :10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652   IUP :10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652    Full Text (PDF)

Ekonomik Büyüme ile Kişi Başına Düşen Sağlık Harcamalarını Arttırılabilir miyiz? Türkiye Örneği

Esra Nazmiye Kılcı

Birçok iktisatçı, sağlıklı bireylerin verimliliği artırdığını vurgulayarak, sağlık sistemine yapılan yatırımların ekonomik büyümeye olumlu katkıda bulunduğuna işaret etmektedir. Benzer şekilde, sağlık harcamaları gelirin bir fonksiyonudur; gelir arttıkça sağlık harcamaları artmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, temel olarak, gelişmekte olan bir ülkede, ekonomik büyümenin sağlık harcamaları üzerinde etkisi olup olmadığı sorusu cevaplanmaya çalışılmaktadır. Dolayısıyla, bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’de, ekonomik büyüme ile kişi başına düşen sağlık harcamaları arasındaki ilişkinin 1999-2018 dönemi için analiz edilmesidir. Analizde, serilerin durağanlığının test edilmesi amacıyla, geleneksel ADF testine ek olarak, RALS (Residual Augmented Least Squares) ADF birim kök testi uygulanmaktadır. Ekonomik büyüme ve kişi başına sağlık harcamaları arasındaki uzun dönemli ilişkinin test edilmesi amacıyla ise, Engle-Granger ve RALS Engle-Granger kointegrasyon testlerinden yararlanılmaktadır. Analiz sonuçları, ekonomik büyümenin kişi başına düşen sağlık harcamaları üzerinde uzun dönemde etkisi olduğuna işaret etmektedir.


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APA

Kılcı, E.N. (2019). Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey. Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, 0(0), -. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


AMA

Kılcı E N. Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey. Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics. 2019;0(0):-. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


ABNT

Kılcı, E.N. Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey. Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 0, p. -, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Kılcı, Esra Nazmiye,. 2019. “Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey.” Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics 0, no. 0: -. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


Chicago: Humanities Style

Kılcı, Esra Nazmiye,. Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey.” Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics 0, no. 0 (May. 2022): -. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


Harvard: Australian Style

Kılcı, EN 2019, 'Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey', Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, vol. 0, no. 0, pp. -, viewed 26 May. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Kılcı, E.N. (2019) ‘Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey’, Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, 0(0), pp. -. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652 (26 May. 2022).


MLA

Kılcı, Esra Nazmiye,. Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey.” Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics, vol. 0, no. 0, 2019, pp. -. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


Vancouver

Kılcı EN. Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey. Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics [Internet]. 26 May. 2022 [cited 26 May. 2022];0(0):-. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652 doi: 10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652


ISNAD

Kılcı, EsraNazmiye. Can We Increase Health Expenditure Per Capita Through Higher Economic Growth? Empirical Evidence from Turkey”. Ekoist: Journal of Econometrics and Statistics 0/0 (May. 2022): -. https://doi.org/10.26650/ekoist.2022.36.982652



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Submitted13.08.2021
Accepted07.10.2021
Published Online13.04.2022

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