Research Article


DOI :10.26650/eor.20210033   IUP :10.26650/eor.20210033    Full Text (PDF)

The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin

Mohammed M. GadMouna Al-sunyAbrar Al-shayebReyam Al-namsyZainab Al-naserSoban Q. Khan

Purpose: This in-vitro study evaluated and compared the effect of white henna (WH) and natural henna (NH) addition on Candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of the denture base material.

Materials and Methods: A total of 243 acrylic resin specimens (9 per group) were divided as follows: 81 for flexural strength, 81 for Candida albicans adherence test, and 81 for surface roughness, translucency, and hardness. Heat-polymerized acrylic resin specimens were prepared by adding 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, or 2.0 wt% of WH or NH. Candida albicans adhesion was determined using direct culture and slide count methods. Flexural strength, surface roughness, hardness, and translucency were measured using the three-point bending test, profilometer, Vickers hardness test, and spectrophotometer, respectively. ANOVA and post hoc Tukey’s tests were performed for data analysis.

Results: Addition of 0.5% WH, 1% WH, and 0.5% NH to denture base resin significantly decreased Candida albicans adhesion (p < 0.05). WH and NH significantly decreased the flexural strength and translucency, except 0.5% WH, and significantly increased surface roughness, except 0.5% WH and 0.5% NH. WH addition showed non-significant differences in the hardness, while NH addition significantly decreased hardness (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Addition of WH and NH decreased C. albicans adhesion to PMMA denture base resin. However, flexural strength, translucency, and surface roughness were adversely affected, particularly at higher concentrations. Hardness was reduced with NH only. 



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APA

Gad, M., Al-suny, M., Al-shayeb, A., Al-namsy, R., Al-naser, Z., & Khan, S. (2021). The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin. European Oral Research, 55(2), 86-93. https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033


AMA

Gad M, Al-suny M, Al-shayeb A, Al-namsy R, Al-naser Z, Khan S. The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin. European Oral Research. 2021;55(2):86-93. https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033


ABNT

Gad, M.; Al-suny, M.; Al-shayeb, A.; Al-namsy, R.; Al-naser, Z.; Khan, S. The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin. European Oral Research, [Publisher Location], v. 55, n. 2, p. 86-93, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Gad, Mohammed M., and Mouna Al-suny and Abrar Al-shayeb and Reyam Al-namsy and Zainab Al-naser and Soban Q. Khan. 2021. “The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin.” European Oral Research 55, no. 2: 86-93. https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033


Chicago: Humanities Style

Gad, Mohammed M., and Mouna Al-suny and Abrar Al-shayeb and Reyam Al-namsy and Zainab Al-naser and Soban Q. Khan. The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin.” European Oral Research 55, no. 2 (Jun. 2021): 86-93. https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033


Harvard: Australian Style

Gad, M & Al-suny, M & Al-shayeb, A & Al-namsy, R & Al-naser, Z & Khan, S 2021, 'The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin', European Oral Research, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 86-93, viewed 23 Jun. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Gad, M. and Al-suny, M. and Al-shayeb, A. and Al-namsy, R. and Al-naser, Z. and Khan, S. (2021) ‘The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin’, European Oral Research, 55(2), pp. 86-93. https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033 (23 Jun. 2021).


MLA

Gad, Mohammed M., and Mouna Al-suny and Abrar Al-shayeb and Reyam Al-namsy and Zainab Al-naser and Soban Q. Khan. The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin.” European Oral Research, vol. 55, no. 2, 2021, pp. 86-93. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033


Vancouver

Gad M, Al-suny M, Al-shayeb A, Al-namsy R, Al-naser Z, Khan S. The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin. European Oral Research [Internet]. 23 Jun. 2021 [cited 23 Jun. 2021];55(2):86-93. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033 doi: 10.26650/eor.20210033


ISNAD

Gad, Mohammed M. - Al-suny, Mouna - Al-shayeb, Abrar - Al-namsy, Reyam - Al-naser, Zainab - Khan, Soban Q.. The in-vitro effects of white henna addition on the candida albicans adhesion and physical properties of denture base resin”. European Oral Research 55/2 (Jun. 2021): 86-93. https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210033



TIMELINE


Submitted03.07.2020
Last Revision18.09.2020
Accepted22.12.2020
Published Online27.05.2021

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