European Oral Research (formerly The Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry) is the official peer-reviewed scientific publication of the Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry. It is a continuously updated, international open access title that publishes scholarly articles written in English. Since 1967, our journal is dedicated to the unlimited circulation of high quality academic contributions relevant to the dental profession.

Authors are encouraged to submit their original work related to all disciplines of dentistry, with prime focus being on the clinical or experimental research studies. Case reports, either in form of single case or case series, are also welcome provided that they describe unusual presentation of a rare entity or a different treatment approach. Review articles will be considered if they deal with controversial topics and provide a clear synthesis of previously published data.

European Oral Research does not charge authors or authors’ institutions for submitting, processing or publication of articles. There is no fee for extra pages or color images.

European Oral Research has been accepted to PUBMED Central. Full texts of all articles published from 2015 onwards (Year:2015 Volume:49, Issue 1) are freely available to read or download in both HTML and pdf formats.

European Oral Research has been accepted to the Clarivate Analytics's Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI). All articles, starting from the second issue of 2017 (Year:2017 Volume:51, Issue:2) onwards will be indexed and abstracted by ESCI.
Prof. Sabire Değer İşler, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Associate Editor
Prof. Handan Ersev, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Yiğit Şirin, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Restorative Dentistry Section Editor
Prof. Mustafa Demirci, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Prosthodontics Section Editor
Assoc. Prof. Onur Geçkili, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Periodontology Section Editor
Assoc. Prof. Ali Çekici, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Pedodontics Section Editor
Assoc. Prof. Arzu Pınar Erdem, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Orthodontics Section Editor
Prof. Nil Cura, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Section Editor
Assoc. Prof. Mustafa Ramazanoğlu, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Section Editor
Prof. İlknur Özcan, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Endodontics Section Editor
Prof. Handan Ersev, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Statistical Consultant
Prof. Halim İşsever, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Language Editor
Lecturer Dorian Gordon Bates, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
Lecturer Alan James Newson, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Editorial Secretariat
Benek Sağlam, İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Dr. Bekir Karabucak, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United-States
Dr. Philipp Sahrmann, University of Zurich, Zürih, İsviçre
Dr. Her Hsiung Huang, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Dr. Jeffrey A. Banas, The University of Iowa, Iowa-City, United-States
Dr. Jukka H. Meurman, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Dr. Gabrielle Millesi, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Ngeow Wei Cheong, University of Malaya, Kuala-Lumpur, Malaysia
James Bahcall, The University of Illinois, Chicago, United-States
Amid I. Ismail, Temple University, Pensilvanya, United-States
Mary Anne Melo, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Maryland, United-States
Nicholas Chandler, University of Otago, Dunedin, New-Zealand
Danae Apatzidou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Patrick Schmidlin, University of Zurich, Zürih, İsviçre
Daniel M. Laskin, Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia, United-States
Vesna Miletic, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Kamran Safavi, University of Connecticut, Connecticut, United-States
Junji Tagami, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Lakshman P. Samaranayake, The University of Hong Kong, Hong-Kong, China
Javotte Nancy, University of Victor Segalen Bordeux 2, Bordeaux, France
John D. Bartlett, The Ohio State University College of Dentistry, Ohio, United-States
Francesco Carinci, University of Ferrera, Ferrara, Italy
Bruno Chrcanovic, Malmö University, Malmo, Sweden
Mahmoud Al Omiri, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Rafael Consani, Piracicaba Dental School University of Campinas, Sao-Paulo, Brazil
Joyce Rose P. Masalu, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Michael Swain, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
David J. Manton, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Edward Lahey, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Massachusetts, United-States
Erica Dorigatti De Avila, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Elisabetta Cotti, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Bjorn Bamse Mork Knutsen, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Ruben Pauwels, University of Kleuven, Kleuven, Belgium
Patrick Warnke, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany
Pushkar Mehra, Boston University, Boston, United-States
Philip Benson, The University of Sheffield School of Clinical Dentistry, Sheffield, United-Kingdom
Noam Yarom, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv-Yafo, Israel
Gunnar E. Carlsson, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Louis M. Lin, New York University College of Dentistry, New-York, United-States






Istanbul Universitesi Dis Hekimligi Fakultesi Kutuphanesi Dergi Yayin Kurulu Odasi 34093 Istanbul/TURKEY,

Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.