Research Article


DOI :10.26650/experimed.2019.19018   IUP :10.26650/experimed.2019.19018    Full Text (PDF)

Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo

Luljeta Neziri AhmetajValbona GashiBekim Ahmeti

Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the gender difference in manifestation of clinical symptoms related to allergic rhinitis and eczema in a population of school children aged 13-14 years from the city of Gjilan in Kosovo.


Material and method: About 1200 school children aged between 13-14 years, from randomly selected schools, were included in the study, once the passive consent of their parents/guardians had been received. This study covers the data analysis from the questions related to the nose and skin problems (14 out of 53 questions).


Results: Prevalence related to allergic rhinitis; a) sneezing, or a runny or blocked nose ever was 34.20% and in the last 12 months it was 25%; and b) hay fever ever was 14.5%. Prevalence related to eczema,; a) itchy rash at any time in the past 12 months was 7.5%; and b) eczema ever in life was 4.2%.


Conclusion: This study found a higher prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms in female children comparing to male, while no significant connection was found between gender and eczema symptoms

DOI :10.26650/experimed.2019.19018   IUP :10.26650/experimed.2019.19018    Full Text (PDF)

Kosova Gjilan Şehrindeki Okul Çağı Çocuklarını İçeren Popülasyonda Alerjik Rinit ve Egzamanın İncelenmesi

Luljeta Neziri AhmetajValbona GashiBekim Ahmeti

Amaç: Çalışmada Kosova Gjilan şehrindeki okullarda 13-14 yaşlarındaki çocuklardan oluşan popülasyonda, alerjik rinit ve egzama klinik semptomlarının cinsiyet farklılığı açısından araştırılması amaçlanmıştır.


Gereç ve Yöntem: Ebeveynlerin/velilerin pasif onayı alınarak, yaşları 13-14 arasında değişen 1200 çocuk farklı okullardan seçilerek çalışmaya dahil edilmiştir. Çalışma burun ve deri problemleri ile ilişkili soruları kapsayan verilerin analizinden oluşmaktadır (53 sorudan 14’ü).


Bulgular: Alerjik rinit ilişkili yaygınlıklar; a) Hapşırma, burun akıntısı veya tıkalı burun gibi durumlar popülasyon genelinde %34,20 olarak saptandı. Bunlardan son 12 aydır bu şikayetlere sahip olanların %25’lik dilimi oluşturduğu görüldü. b) Bahar nezlesi ise %14,5 olarak bulundu. Egzama ilişkili yaygınlıklar; a) Kaşıntılı döküntüler son 12 aylık dönemde incelendiğinde %7,5 olarak görüldü. b) Yaşamı boyunca az bir kere egzama görülenlerin %4,2’ lik dilimi oluşturduğu belirlendi.


Sonuç: Alerjik rinitle ilişkili belirtiler kız çocuklarında erkeklere oranla daha yüksek bir yatkınlıkla ilişkili bulunurken, egzama belirtileri ve cinsiyet arasında istatiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki bulunamadı.


PDF View

References

  • 1. Weiss KB, Gergen PJ, Hodgson TA. An economic evaluation of asthma in the United States. N Engl J Med 1992; 327: 571-2. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 2. Lai CK, Beasley R, Crane J, Foliaki S, Shah J, Weiland S, et al. Global variation in the prevalence and severity of asthma symptoms: phase three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Thorax 2009; 64: 476-83. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 3. Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Steering Committee. Lancet 2001; 357: 313-4. google scholar
  • 4. Ferkol T, Schraufnagel D. The global burden of respiratory disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2014; 11: 404-6. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 5. de Korte-de Boer D, Mommers M, Gielkens-Sijstermans CM, Creemers HM, Mujakovic S, Feron FJ, et al. Stabilizing prevalence trends of eczema, asthma and rhinocon-junctivitis in Dutch schoolchildren (2001-2010). Allergy 2015; 70: 1669-73. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 6. Sybilski AJ, Raciborski F, Lipiec A, Tomaszewska A, Lusawa A, Samel-Kowalik P, et al. Epidemiology of atopic dermatitis in Poland according to the Epidemiology of Allergic Disorders in Poland (ECAP) study. J Dermatol 2015; 42: 140-7. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 7. Bousquet J, Annesi-Maesano I, Carat F, Leger D, Rugina M, Pribil C, et al. Characteristics of intermittent and persistent allergic rhinitis: DREAMS study group. Clin Exp Allergy 2005; 35: 728-32. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 8. Linneberg A, Henrik Nielsen N, Frolund L, Madsen F, Dirksen A, Jorgensen T. The link between allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma: a prospective population-based study. The Copenhagen Allergy Study. Allergy 2002; 57: 1048-52. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 9. Ronmark EP, Ekerljung L, Mincheva R, Sjolander S, Hagstad S, Wennergren G, et al. Different risk factor patterns for adult asthma, rhinitis and eczema: results from West Sweden Asthma Study. Clin Transl Allergy 2016; 6: 28. doi: 10.1186/s13601-016-0112-0. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 10. Downie SR, Andersson M, Rimmer J, Leuppi JD, Xuan W, Akerlund A, et al. Association between nasal and bronchial symptoms in subjects with persistent allergic rhinitis. Allergy 2004; 59: 320-6. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 11. Corren J, Adinoff AD, Buchmeier AD, Irvin CG. Nasal beclomethasone prevents the seasonal increase in bronchial responsiveness in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1992; 90: 250-6. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 12. Taramarcaz P, Gibson PG. Intranasal corticosteroids for asthma control in people with coexisting asthma and rhinitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003; CD003570. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 13. Leynaert B, Neukirch C, Kony S, Guénégou A, Bousquet J, Aubier M, et al. Association between asthma and rhinitis according to atopic sensitization in a population-based study. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004; 113: 86-93. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 14. Hill DA, Spergel JM. The atopic march: Critical evidence and clinical relevance. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018; 120: 131-7. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 15. Bantz SK, Zhu Z, Zheng T. The atopic march: progression from atopic dermatitis to allergic rhinitis and asthma. J Clin Cell Immunol 2014; 5: 202. doi: 10.4172/2155-9899.1000202 [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 16. Pols DH, Wartna JB, van Alphen EI, Moed H, Rasenberg N, Bindels PJ, et al. Interrelationships between atopic disorders in children: A meta-analysis based on ISAAC questionnaires. PLoS One 2015; 10: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131869. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 17. Lawson V, Lewis-Jones MS, Finlay AY, Reid P, Owens RG. The family impact of childhood atopic dermatitis: the Dermatitis Family Impact Questionnaire. Br J Dermatol 1998; 138: 107-13. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 18. Drucker AM, Wang AR, Li WQ, Sevetson E, Block JK, Qureshi AA. The Burden of Atopic Dermatitis: Summary of a Report for the National Eczema Association. J Invest Dermatol 2017; 137: 26-30. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 19. Lindberg M, Isacson D, Bingefors K. Self-reported skin diseases, quality of life and medication use: a nationwide pharmaco-epidemiological survey in Sweden. Acta Derm Venereol 2014; 94: 188-91. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 20. Muraro A, Fokkens WJ, Pietikainen S, Borrelli D, Agache I, Bousquet J, et al. European symposium on precision medicine in allergy and airways diseases: Report of the European Union Parliament Symposium (October 14, 2015). Allergy 2016; 71: 583-7. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 21. Gough H, Grabenhenrich L, Reich A, Eckers N, Nitsche O, Schramm D, et al. Allergic multimorbidity of asthma, rhinitis and eczema over 20 years in the German birth cohort MAS. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2015; 26: 431-7. [CrossRef] google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Ahmetaj, L., Gashi, V., & Ahmeti, B. (2019). Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo. Experimed, 9(3), 113-119. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


AMA

Ahmetaj L, Gashi V, Ahmeti B. Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo. Experimed. 2019;9(3):113-119. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


ABNT

Ahmetaj, L.; Gashi, V.; Ahmeti, B. Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo. Experimed, [Publisher Location], v. 9, n. 3, p. 113-119, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Ahmetaj, Luljeta Neziri, and Valbona Gashi and Bekim Ahmeti. 2019. “Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo.” Experimed 9, no. 3: 113-119. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


Chicago: Humanities Style

Ahmetaj, Luljeta Neziri, and Valbona Gashi and Bekim Ahmeti. Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo.” Experimed 9, no. 3 (Jul. 2021): 113-119. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


Harvard: Australian Style

Ahmetaj, L & Gashi, V & Ahmeti, B 2019, 'Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo', Experimed, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 113-119, viewed 25 Jul. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Ahmetaj, L. and Gashi, V. and Ahmeti, B. (2019) ‘Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo’, Experimed, 9(3), pp. 113-119. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018 (25 Jul. 2021).


MLA

Ahmetaj, Luljeta Neziri, and Valbona Gashi and Bekim Ahmeti. Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo.” Experimed, vol. 9, no. 3, 2019, pp. 113-119. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


Vancouver

Ahmetaj L, Gashi V, Ahmeti B. Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo. Experimed [Internet]. 25 Jul. 2021 [cited 25 Jul. 2021];9(3):113-119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018 doi: 10.26650/experimed.2019.19018


ISNAD

Ahmetaj, Luljeta Neziri - Gashi, Valbona - Ahmeti, Bekim. Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in a Population of School Children from the City of Gjilan in Kosovo”. Experimed 9/3 (Jul. 2021): 113-119. https://doi.org/10.26650/experimed.2019.19018



TIMELINE


Accepted15.11.2019

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.