Research Article


DOI :10.26650/hfaa.1471279   IUP :10.26650/hfaa.1471279    Full Text (PDF)

Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction

Gizem Kara ArsevenElif Yurdakul

Airlines have expanded their flight schedules and networks, making air travel more accessible but requiring pilots to navigate dense, fluctuating schedules and complex duties. The biological and psychosocial risks facing pilots, including fatigue, disrupted circadian rhythms, and stress, directly impact flight safety and have gained attention. Yet, exploring these psychosocial risks from an Industrial/Organizational Psychology perspective remains a relatively new approach. The current study seeks to advance the field by examining the mechanisms underpinning job satisfaction among commercial airline pilots, specifically focusing on the impact of psychosocial risk factors inherent in their profession. To achieve this goal, the study tested the relationship between psychological capital, mindfulness, work-life balance, and job satisfaction. This exploratory research aimed to elucidate the mechanisms of job satisfaction among pilots employed by commercial airlines in Turkey, with data collected from 94 commercial airline pilots. Results revealed a positive relationship between psychological capital, mindfulness, work-life balance, and job satisfaction. Additionally, the findings indicated that work-life balance mediates both mindfulness-job satisfaction and psychological capital-job satisfaction relationships. According to the study findings, work-life balance has a significant role in mediating the personal strengths and pilots’ satisfaction level with their jobs. The direct and indirect impacts of mindfulness, psychological capital, and work-life balance on job satisfaction suggest that enhanced work-life balance and strengthened personal resources positively influence job satisfaction, within the context of psychosocial risk factors faced by commercial airline pilots.

DOI :10.26650/hfaa.1471279   IUP :10.26650/hfaa.1471279    Full Text (PDF)

Ticari Havayolu Pilotlarının Psikososyal Risk Faktörleri: İş Tatminini Etkileyen Mekanizmaların Değerlendirilmesi

Gizem Kara ArsevenElif Yurdakul

Hava ulaşımının yolcular için daha erişilebilir hale getirmek için havayolları uçuş frekanslarını ve ağlarını çoğaltmışlardır. Bu koşullar, ticari havayolu pilotlarının karmaşık ve zorlu uçuş görevlerini yönetirken, yoğun ve değişken uçuş programlarına ayak uydurmalarını gerektirmektedir. Ticari havayolu pilotlarının, havacılık endüstrisinin doğasından kaynaklanan yorgunluk, bozulmuş sirkadiyen ritim, artan stres gibi biyolojik ve psikososyal riskleri, uçuş emniyeti ile doğrudan ilişkisi nedeniyle dikkat çekmektedir. Ancak ticari havayolu pilotlarının psikososyal risk faktörlerinin Endüstriyel/Örgüt Psikolojisi kapsamında araştırılması halen oldukça yeni bir yaklaşımdır. Mevcut çalışma, ticari havayolu pilotlarının iş tatmininin altında yatan mekanizmaları değerlendirerek ve ticari havayolu pilotluğu mesleğinde psikososyal risk faktörleri etrafındaki modelleri bağlamsallaştırarak gelişen alana katkıda bulunmayı amaçlamıştır. Bu amaca ulaşmak için psikolojik sermaye, bilinçli farkındalık, iş-yaşam dengesi ve iş tatmini arasındaki ilişki test edilmiştir. Bu çalışma, Türkiye merkezli ticari havayollarında çalışan pilotların iş tatmini mekanizmalarının altını çizmek için keşfedici bir araştırma olarak tasarlanmıştır. Veriler 94 ticari havayolu pilotunun katılımı ile elde edilmiştir. Sonuçlar, psikolojik sermaye, bilinçli farkındalık, iş yaşam dengesi ve iş tatmini arasında pozitif bir ilişki olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. Ayrıca bulgular, iş-yaşam dengesinin hem bilinçli farkındalık-iş tatmini hem de psikolojik sermaye-iş tatmini ilişkilerine aracılık ettiğini göstermiştir. Araştırma bulguları bilinçli farkındalık, psikolojik sermaye ve iş-yaşam dengesinin iş tatmini üzerindeki doğrudan ve dolaylı etkilerini; artan iş-yaşam dengesi ve güçlü kişisel kaynakların, ticari havayolu pilotlarının psikososyal risk faktörü olarak değerlendirilen iş tatminini olumlu yönde etkileyebileceğini göstermektedir.


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APA

Kara Arseven, G., & Yurdakul, E. (2024). Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction. Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace, 1(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279


AMA

Kara Arseven G, Yurdakul E. Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction. Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace. 2024;1(1):1-19. https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279


ABNT

Kara Arseven, G.; Yurdakul, E. Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction. Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace, [Publisher Location], v. 1, n. 1, p. 1-19, 2024.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Kara Arseven, Gizem, and Elif Yurdakul. 2024. “Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction.” Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace 1, no. 1: 1-19. https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279


Chicago: Humanities Style

Kara Arseven, Gizem, and Elif Yurdakul. Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction.” Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace 1, no. 1 (Jul. 2024): 1-19. https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279


Harvard: Australian Style

Kara Arseven, G & Yurdakul, E 2024, 'Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction', Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-19, viewed 25 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Kara Arseven, G. and Yurdakul, E. (2024) ‘Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction’, Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace, 1(1), pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279 (25 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Kara Arseven, Gizem, and Elif Yurdakul. Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction.” Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace, vol. 1, no. 1, 2024, pp. 1-19. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279


Vancouver

Kara Arseven G, Yurdakul E. Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction. Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace [Internet]. 25 Jul. 2024 [cited 25 Jul. 2024];1(1):1-19. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279 doi: 10.26650/hfaa.1471279


ISNAD

Kara Arseven, Gizem - Yurdakul, Elif. Commercial Airline Pilots’ Psychosocial Risk Factors: Evaluating the Mechanisms Influencing Job Satisfaction”. Human Factors in Aviation and Aerospace 1/1 (Jul. 2024): 1-19. https://doi.org/10.26650/hfaa.1471279



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Submitted05.04.2024
Accepted16.05.2024
Published Online14.06.2024

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