Research Article


DOI :10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105   IUP :10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105    Full Text (PDF)

Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision

Uğur ÖzdemirYüksel Alper Ecevit

The level of public goods provided in a society is important not only because it contributes to social inclusion and strengthens a shared sense of citizenship, but also because it is a fundamental pre-condition for long term growth and development. Studying the determinants of public goods provision levels, hence, becomes an important exercise. The negative association between ethnic heterogeneity and public goods provision is one such robust empirical finding in political science and economics. Despite the abundance of scholarly work on the topic, the causal mechanisms offered in the literature do not pay attention to the political process involved. The rational choice approaches simply model the relationship as a voluntary contribution game. This paper addresses this gap by offering a theoretical mechanism based on a legislative bargaining framework. We also provide a discussion on a potential extension of the framework where ethnic groups are endogenous.

JEL Classification : H41 , C78
DOI :10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105   IUP :10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105    Full Text (PDF)

Etnik Heterojenlik ve Kamu Malı Teminatı

Uğur ÖzdemirYüksel Alper Ecevit

Bir toplumdaki kamu malları düzeyi, sadece toplumsal kapsayıcılık ve paylaşılan bir vatandaşlık duygusunu güçlendirmesi açısından değil, uzun vadeli büyüme ve gelişme için temel bir önkoşul olması açısından da önem arzeder. Bu yüzden, kamu malı tedarikini belirleyen etkenler üzerine çalışmalar yapmak oldukça önemli bir çabadır. Etnik heterojenlikle kamu malları tedarik düzeyi arasındaki negatif ilişki de, siyaset bilimi ve ekonomideki bu yöndeki sağlam bir ampirik bulgudur. Konu üzerine yapılmış çalışmaların fazlalığına rağmen, literatürde önerilen nedensellik mekanizmaları, varolan siyasi süreçleri dikkate almamıştır. Rasyonel seçim yaklaşımları bu ilişkiyi basit bir gönüllü katkı oyunu olarak modellemektedirler. Bu makale, yasama meclisi pazarlık oyunu modeline dayalı bir teorik mekanizma önererek literatürdeki bu boşluğu doldurmayı hedefliyor. Ayrıca, bu modelin, etnik grupların endojen olduğu genişletilmiş bir halini de tartışıyoruz.

JEL Classification : H41 , C78

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APA

Özdemir, U., & Ecevit, Y.A. (2020). Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision. Istanbul Journal of Economics, 70(2), 247-266. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


AMA

Özdemir U, Ecevit Y A. Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision. Istanbul Journal of Economics. 2020;70(2):247-266. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


ABNT

Özdemir, U.; Ecevit, Y.A. Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision. Istanbul Journal of Economics, [Publisher Location], v. 70, n. 2, p. 247-266, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Özdemir, Uğur, and Yüksel Alper Ecevit. 2020. “Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision.” Istanbul Journal of Economics 70, no. 2: 247-266. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


Chicago: Humanities Style

Özdemir, Uğur, and Yüksel Alper Ecevit. Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision.” Istanbul Journal of Economics 70, no. 2 (Feb. 2021): 247-266. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


Harvard: Australian Style

Özdemir, U & Ecevit, YA 2020, 'Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision', Istanbul Journal of Economics, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 247-266, viewed 24 Feb. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Özdemir, U. and Ecevit, Y.A. (2020) ‘Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision’, Istanbul Journal of Economics, 70(2), pp. 247-266. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105 (24 Feb. 2021).


MLA

Özdemir, Uğur, and Yüksel Alper Ecevit. Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision.” Istanbul Journal of Economics, vol. 70, no. 2, 2020, pp. 247-266. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


Vancouver

Özdemir U, Ecevit YA. Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision. Istanbul Journal of Economics [Internet]. 24 Feb. 2021 [cited 24 Feb. 2021];70(2):247-266. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105 doi: 10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105


ISNAD

Özdemir, Uğur - Ecevit, YükselAlper. Ethnic Heterogeneity and Public Goods Provision”. Istanbul Journal of Economics 70/2 (Feb. 2021): 247-266. https://doi.org/10.26650/ISTJECON2020-833105



TIMELINE


Submitted29.11.2020
Accepted06.12.2020
Published Online31.12.2020

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