Research Article


DOI :10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001   IUP :10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001    Full Text (PDF)

Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development

Ali Erbaşı

In this study, it is aimed to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool to measure employees’ green organizational behavior. A three-stage scale development process (item development, scale development, scale evaluation) proposed by Schwab (1980) was followed. Items were formed as a result of the content analysis of the data obtained as a result of the semi-structured interview method with 50 managers and 100 employees in different enterprises of Konya Independent Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association (MUSIAD) and 102 items were included here. In order to scale development in the second stage, first of all, expert opinions were consulted for appearance validity and scope validity. The 40-item Green Organizational Behavior Scale which was obtained as a result of the screening, was applied to 20 employees for the pilot study and some amendments were made to some items in the scale. After that, the surveys were carried out in March 2018 with the participation of 500 employees from different enterprises in Konya MUSIAD, the sample of the research. The data were analyzed in SPSS 21 and Amos 21 programs. According to the results of exploratory factor analysis, a model consisting of 27 items and 5 factors has emerged. Factors forming the scale are labeled as environmental sensitivity, environmental participation, economic sensitivity, green purchasing, technological sensitivity. The 5-factor structure was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis and the scale was found to be acceptable levels of compliance. For the reliability of the scale, cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient was determined as respectively .813, .766, .710, .724 and for the whole scale .701. As a result, it was seen that the scale model (green organizational behavior scale) was a theoretical and statistically suitable, valid and reliable measurement tool. 

DOI :10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001   IUP :10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001    Full Text (PDF)

Yeşil Örgütsel Davranış Ölçeği: Bir Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışması

Ali Erbaşı

Bu çalışmada, çalışanların yeşil örgütsel davranışlarını ölçmeye yönelik geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracının geliştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada Schwab (1980) tarafından önerilen üç aşamalı ölçek geliştirme süreci (önerme havuzu oluşturulması, ölçeğin yapılandırılması, ölçeğin değerlendirilmesi) takip edilmiştir. Konya Müstakil Sanayici ve İş Adamları Derneği (MÜSİAD) üyesi farklı işletmelerdeki 50 yönetici ve 100 çalışan ile yapılan yarı yapılandırılmış mülakatlardan elde edilen verilerin içerik analizi sonucunda 102 maddelik önerme havuzu oluşturulmuştur. İkinci aşamada ölçeğin yapılandırılması için öncelikle görünüş geçerliği ve kapsam geçerliği için uzman görüşlerine başvurulmuştur. Yapılan elemeler sonucunda elde edilen 40 maddelik taslak ölçek, pilot çalışma için 20 çalışana uygulanmış ve ölçekte yer alan bazı maddelerde anlam bakımından bazı düzeltmeler yapılmıştır. Sonrasında anketler araştırmanın örneklemi olan Konya MÜSİAD üyesi farklı işletmelerdeki 500 çalışana Mart 2018’de uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen veriler, SPSS 21 ve Amos 21 programlarında çözümlenmiştir. Açımlayıcı faktör analizi sonuçlarına göre, yapı geçerliği sağlanmış olan 27 madde ve 5 faktörden oluşan bir model ortaya çıkmıştır. Ölçeği oluşturan faktörler; çevresel duyarlılık, çevresel katılım, ekonomik duyarlılık, yeşil satın alma, teknolojik duyarlılık olarak etiketlendirilmiştir. 5 faktörlü yapının doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ile doğrulaması yapılmış ve ölçeğin kabul edilebilir düzeylerde uyuma sahip olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Ölçeğin güvenilirliği için faktörlerde sırasıyla .813, .766, .710, .724 ve .701, ölçeğin tamamı için .818 cronbach alpha iç tutarlılık katsayısı belirlenmiştir. Sonuçta geliştirilen ölçek modelinin (yeşil örgütsel davranış ölçeğinin) kuramsal ve istatistiksel olarak uygun olduğu, geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğu görülmüştür. 


EXTENDED ABSTRACT


Background 

One of the first steps in moving a problem of what behavior should be within the scope of green organizational behavior should be examine the question the meaning of what the individuals of that society referred to the concept of green behavior within the organization by a unique measurement tool. The main problematic in here is what employee behavior within the organization can be considered as green behavior. It is not easy to answer this question; because the meaning of green organizational behaviors is not the same for each society. Many literature of social sciences, examine green organizational behavior, lacks a scale that can be used to understand the perception of green organizational behavior.

Purpose

In this study, it is aimed to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool to measure employees’ green organizational behavior. 

Method

This research has the feature of qualitative (qualitative) research by using induction method as it seeks to develop an original scale. In addition, a pilot practice after identifying the propositions, adds quantitative research to the research. Schwab’s (1980) three-stage scale development process was followed in the process of developing a green organizational behavior scale. These stages are item development, scale development, scale evaluation. Item development was formed as a result of the content analysis of the data obtained as a result of the semi-structured interview method with 50 managers and 100 employees in different enterprises of Konya Independent Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association (MUSIAD). Items were suggested were evaluated with the views of 7 academicians. The Lawshe method was used to determine the validity ratios of the propositions. The surveys were carried out was applied to participation of 500 employees from member enterprises in Konya MUSIAD.

Findings

A model consisting of 27 items and 5 factors has emerged. Factors forming the scale are labeled as environmental sensitivity, environmental participation, economic sensitivity, green purchasing, technological sensitivity. The 5-factor structure was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis and the scale was found to be acceptable levels of compliance. For the reliability of the scale, cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient was determined as respectively .813, .766, .710, .724 and for the whole scale .701.

Conclusions 

As a result, it was seen that the scale model (green organizational behavior scale) was a theoretical and statistically suitable, valid and reliable measurement tool. It is thought that the green organizational behavior scale obtained within the scope of the research clarifies which behaviors in Turkish business organizations should be included in the scope of green organizational behavior.


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APA

Erbaşı, A. (2019). Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development. Istanbul Management Journal, 0(86), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


AMA

Erbaşı A. Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development. Istanbul Management Journal. 2019;0(86):1-23. https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


ABNT

Erbaşı, A. Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development. Istanbul Management Journal, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 86, p. 1-23, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Erbaşı, Ali,. 2019. “Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development.” Istanbul Management Journal 0, no. 86: 1-23. https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


Chicago: Humanities Style

Erbaşı, Ali,. Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development.” Istanbul Management Journal 0, no. 86 (Oct. 2022): 1-23. https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


Harvard: Australian Style

Erbaşı, A 2019, 'Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development', Istanbul Management Journal, vol. 0, no. 86, pp. 1-23, viewed 6 Oct. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Erbaşı, A. (2019) ‘Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development’, Istanbul Management Journal, 0(86), pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001 (6 Oct. 2022).


MLA

Erbaşı, Ali,. Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development.” Istanbul Management Journal, vol. 0, no. 86, 2019, pp. 1-23. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


Vancouver

Erbaşı A. Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development. Istanbul Management Journal [Internet]. 6 Oct. 2022 [cited 6 Oct. 2022];0(86):1-23. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001 doi: 10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001


ISNAD

Erbaşı, Ali. Green Organizational Behavior Scale: A Study in Scale Development”. Istanbul Management Journal 0/86 (Oct. 2022): 1-23. https://doi.org/10.26650/imj.2019.86.0001



TIMELINE


Submitted03.01.2019
Accepted05.03.2019

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