Research Article


DOI :10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051   IUP :10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051    Full Text (PDF)

The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism

Yan He

The political and economic development of Sri Lanka from 2005 to 2019 was occurred amidst much controversy. This article focuses on the relationship between economic growth and regime change in Sri Lanka during those fifteen years and the challenges these events pose to most theories of democratic development. Drawing on an ideal type of East Asian developmentalism to construct an explanatory framework for a comparative study of political and economic policies of the developmental government in Sri Lanka through case analysis and process tracing over three periods of governance, this article argues that efficient strongman leadership, an imbalanced bureaucracy, and simplified industrial policy are important explanatory variables for national development in Sri Lanka. An examination of these variables can clarify the characteristic strengths and weaknesses of developmental governments in Sri Lanka and lead to new explanations of related issues. The applicability of this framework remains to be tested, and the return of the Rajapaksa family to power may give an opportunity for this.


PDF View

References

  • Agalewatte, T. (2008). Competitive industry policy for economic development in Sri Lanka: Lessons from East Asia. VDM Publishing. google scholar
  • Athukorala, P. C. (2016). Sri Lanka’s post-civil war development challenge: Learning from the past. Contemporary South Asia, 24(1), 19–35. google scholar
  • Athukorala, P.C., Ginting, E., Hill, H., & Kumar, U. (2017). The Sri Lankan economy: Charting a new course. Asian Devolepment Bank. google scholar
  • Attanayake, C., & Kapur, R. (2018). Mahinda Rajapaksa: An influential figure in Sri Lanka politics. google scholar
  • Biller, D., & Nabi, I. (2013). Investing in infrastructure: Harnessing its potential for growth in Sri Lanka. The World Bank. google scholar
  • Bord of Inverstment. (2015). Annual Report 2015. Sri Lanka Central Bank. google scholar
  • Collier, P., & Hoeffler, A. (2000). Greed and grievance in civil war. World Bank Group. google scholar
  • Devotta, N. (2009). The liberation tigers of tamil eelam and the lost quest for separatism in Sri Lanka. Asian Survey, 49(6), 1021–1051. google scholar
  • DeVotta, N. (2010). From civil war to soft authoritarianism: Sri Lanka in comparative perspective. Global Change, Peace & Security, 22(3), 331–343. https://doi.org/10.1080/14781158.2010.510268 google scholar
  • Devotta, N. (2016). A win for democracy in Sri Lanka. Journal of Democracy, 27(1), 152–166. google scholar
  • Duch, R. M., & Stevenson, R. T. (2008). The economic vote: How political and economic institutions condition election results. Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Edirisuriya, P. (2017). The rise and grand fall of Sri Lanka’s Mahinda Rajapaksa. Asian Survey, 57(2), 211–228. google scholar
  • Gao, B. (2002). Economic ideology and Japanese industrial policy: Developmentalism from 1931 to 1965. Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Gao, B. (2006). Neoliberal versus classical: Chinese and Japanese developmentalisms in comparison. Sociological Studies, 1, 114–138. google scholar
  • Gill, I. S., & Kharas, H. (2007). An East Asian renaissance: Ideas for economic growth. The World Bank. google scholar
  • Grobar, L. M., & Gnanaselvam, S. (1993). The economic effects of the Sri Lankan civil war. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 41(2), 395–405. google scholar
  • He, Y. (2020). An analysis of the 2019 Sri Lanka presidential election. South Asian Studies Quarterly, 180(1). google scholar
  • Höglund, K., & Orjuela, C. (2011). Winning the peace: Conflict prevention after a victor’s peace in Sri Lanka. Contemporary Social Science, 6(1), 19–37. google scholar
  • Irfan, M. I. M. (2016). Survival and dysfunctions of bureaucracy: A Critical analysis of public bureaucracy in Sri Lanka. Advances in Sciences and Humanities, 2(4), 31–39. google scholar
  • Javed, K., Falak, S., Awan, R., & Ashfaq, M. (2012). Foreign direct investment, trade and economic growth: A comparison of selected south Asian Countries. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(5), 210–220. google scholar
  • Johnson, C. (1982). MITI and the Japanese miracle: The growth of industrial policy, 1925-1975. Stanford University Press. google scholar
  • Karunaratne, N. D. (2000). The export engine of growth in post-independence Sri Lanka. In W. D. Lakshman & C. A. Tisdell (Eds.), Sri Lanka’s development since independence: Socio-economic perspectives and analysis (pp. 171–186). Nova Science Publishers. google scholar
  • Kelegama, S. (2014). China–Sri Lanka economic relations:An overview. China Report, 50(2), 131–149. google scholar
  • Lakshman, W. D. (2020). Annual Report (Volume I) 2019. Sri Lanka Central Bank. google scholar
  • Liyanage, K., Ramesh, R., & Sivakumar, N. (2019). Public administration in Sri Lanka: An inquiry into structure, reforms, and management. In I. Jamil, T. N. Dhakal, & N. R. Paudel (Eds.), Civil service management and administrative systems in South Asia (pp. 281–304). Springer International Publishing. google scholar
  • Murakami, Y. (2013). An anticlassical political-economic analysis: A vision for the next century (J. Zhang & H. Ding, Trans., Chinese ed. Vol. 2). Peking University Press. google scholar
  • Nanayakkara, V. K. (2015). Sri Lanka administrative service (1963-2013): A Fifty year legacy. Sri Lanka Journal of Development Administration, 5, 79. google scholar
  • Nordhaus, W. D. (1975). The political business cycle. The Review of Economic Studies, 42(2), 169–190. google scholar
  • Pradhan, G. (2001). Economic cost of Sri Lanka’s ethnic conflict. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 31(3), 375–384. google scholar
  • Priyantha, I. R., Dickwella, W. K. R., & Gunasekara, R. (2019). Public administration in Sri Lanka: An analysis of evolution, trends, and challenges in personnel management. In I. Jamil, T. N. Dhakal, & N. R. Paudel (Eds.), Civil service management and administrative systems in South Asia (pp. 193–214). Springer International Publishing. google scholar
  • Rajapaksa, M. (2005). Mahinda Chintana: Vision for a New Sri Lanka. In D. o. n. Planning & M. o. F. a. Planning (Eds.). Padukka, Sri Lanka: State Printing Corporation. google scholar
  • Sahoo, P., & Dash, R. K. (2012). Economic growth in South Asia: Role of infrastructure. The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 21(2), 217–252. google scholar
  • Samaranayake, N. (2011). Are Sri Lanka’s relations with China deepening? An analysis of economic, military, and diplomatic data. Asian Security, 7(2), 119–146. google scholar
  • Selvanathan, S., & Selvanathan, E. A. (2014). Defence expenditure and economic growth: A case study of Sri Lanka using causality analysis. International Journal of Development and Conflict, 4(2), 69–76. google scholar
  • Senaratne, K. (2019). The executive and the constitutional reforms process in Sri Lanka. The Round Table, 108(6), 625–638. google scholar
  • SG. (2018). President abolishes cabinet committee on econmic management. http://www.ft.lk/News/ President-abolishes-Cabinet-Committee-on-Economic-Management/56-652294 google scholar
  • Sultanuzzaman, M. R., Fan, H., Akash, M., Wang, B., & Shakij, U. S. M. (2018). The role of FDI inflows and export on economic growth in Sri Lanka: An ARDL approach. Cogent Economics & Finance, 6(1), 1518116. google scholar
  • The World Bank. (2011). World Development Report 2011: Conflict, security, and development. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4389 google scholar
  • The World Bank. (2020). World Development Indicators, Sri Lanka GDP growth (annual %). https:// databank.worldbank.org/reports.aspx?source=2&series=NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG&country=LKA# google scholar
  • Venugopal, R. (2015). Democracy, development and the executive presidency in Sri Lanka. Third World Quarterly, 36(4), 670–690. google scholar
  • Weerakoon, D. (2017). Sri Lanka’s debt troubles in the new development finance landscape. Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 2(6), 744–761. google scholar
  • Wijeweera, A., & Webb, M. J. (2012). Using the Feder-Ram and military keynesian models to examine the link between defence spending and economic growth in Sri Lanka. Defence and Peace Economics, 23(3), 303–311. google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

He, Y. (2020). The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism. İstanbul University Journal of Sociology, 40(2), 823-846. https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


AMA

He Y. The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism. İstanbul University Journal of Sociology. 2020;40(2):823-846. https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


ABNT

He, Y. The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism. İstanbul University Journal of Sociology, [Publisher Location], v. 40, n. 2, p. 823-846, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

He, Yan,. 2020. “The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism.” İstanbul University Journal of Sociology 40, no. 2: 823-846. https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


Chicago: Humanities Style

He, Yan,. The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism.” İstanbul University Journal of Sociology 40, no. 2 (Jul. 2022): 823-846. https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


Harvard: Australian Style

He, Y 2020, 'The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism', İstanbul University Journal of Sociology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 823-846, viewed 6 Jul. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


Harvard: Author-Date Style

He, Y. (2020) ‘The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism’, İstanbul University Journal of Sociology, 40(2), pp. 823-846. https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051 (6 Jul. 2022).


MLA

He, Yan,. The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism.” İstanbul University Journal of Sociology, vol. 40, no. 2, 2020, pp. 823-846. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


Vancouver

He Y. The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism. İstanbul University Journal of Sociology [Internet]. 6 Jul. 2022 [cited 6 Jul. 2022];40(2):823-846. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051 doi: 10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051


ISNAD

He, Yan. The Developmental Government and Economic Development in Sri Lanka 2005–2019: Lessons from East Asian Developmentalism”. İstanbul University Journal of Sociology 40/2 (Jul. 2022): 823-846. https://doi.org/10.26650/SJ.2020.40.2.0051



TIMELINE


Submitted20.06.2020
Accepted10.12.2020
Published Online31.12.2020

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.