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DOI :10.26650/JARHS2021-700825   IUP :10.26650/JARHS2021-700825    Full Text (PDF)

Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children

Gül Nihal Özdemir

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); is a clonal stem cell disorder characterized by cytopenia, dysplasia and ineffective erythropoiesis. MDS is very rare in children compared to adults. In myelodysplastic syndrome, complaints related to cytopenia such as bleeding, infection, and pallor are the most common. Diagnosis is made through clinical findings, morphology, immunophenotype and cytogenetic methods. Unexplained prolonged cytopenia, dysplasia in at least one series, clonal cytogenetic anomaly and increased blasts are diagnostic criteria, and the presence of at least two guides diagnosis. There are important differences between childhood and adult MDS in terms of classification, underlying diseases and treatment approaches. In this article, MDS in childhood is described by comparing it with adult MDS.

DOI :10.26650/JARHS2021-700825   IUP :10.26650/JARHS2021-700825    Full Text (PDF)

Çocuklarda Miyelodisplastik Sendrom

Gül Nihal Özdemir

Miyelodisplastik sendrom (MDS); sitopeni, displazi ve inefektif eritropoyez ile karakterize klonal bir kök hücre bozukluğudur. Çocuklarda MDS erişkinlere göre oldukça nadir görülür. Miyelodisplastik sendromda en sık sitopeni ile ilişkili şikayetler görülür. Kanama, enfeksiyon ve solukluk sık bulgulardır. Tanı klinik bulgular, morfoloji, immünfenotip ve sitogenetik tetkiklerle konulur. Açıklanamayan uzun süren sitopeni, en az bir seride displazi, klonal sitogenetik anomali ve artmış blast sayısı tanı kriterleridir ve en az ikisinin olması tanıda yol göstericidir. Çocukluk çağı ve erişkin MDS arasında hem sınıflama, hem altta yatan hastalıklar hem de tedavi yaklaşımları açısından önemli farklılıklar vardır. Bu yazıda erişkin dönemde ortaya çıkan MDS ile karşılaştırılarak çocukluk çağında MDS anlatılmıştır.


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Citations

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APA

Özdemir, G.N. (2021). Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children. Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences, 4(2), 75-80. https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


AMA

Özdemir G N. Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children. Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences. 2021;4(2):75-80. https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


ABNT

Özdemir, G.N. Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children. Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences, [Publisher Location], v. 4, n. 2, p. 75-80, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Özdemir, Gül Nihal,. 2021. “Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children.” Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences 4, no. 2: 75-80. https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


Chicago: Humanities Style

Özdemir, Gül Nihal,. Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children.” Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences 4, no. 2 (Jun. 2022): 75-80. https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


Harvard: Australian Style

Özdemir, GN 2021, 'Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children', Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 75-80, viewed 30 Jun. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Özdemir, G.N. (2021) ‘Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children’, Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences, 4(2), pp. 75-80. https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825 (30 Jun. 2022).


MLA

Özdemir, Gül Nihal,. Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children.” Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences, vol. 4, no. 2, 2021, pp. 75-80. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


Vancouver

Özdemir GN. Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children. Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences [Internet]. 30 Jun. 2022 [cited 30 Jun. 2022];4(2):75-80. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825 doi: 10.26650/JARHS2021-700825


ISNAD

Özdemir, GülNihal. Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children”. Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences 4/2 (Jun. 2022): 75-80. https://doi.org/10.26650/JARHS2021-700825



TIMELINE


Submitted10.03.2020
Accepted20.01.2021
Published Online19.06.2021

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