Research Article


DOI :10.26650/jchild.2021.862283   IUP :10.26650/jchild.2021.862283    Full Text (PDF)

Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence

Aslıhan ŞahinerBurcu Yavunç Yeşilkaya

Objective: Adolescent obesity is a widely important situation around the world. According to current studies, Turkey is the most obese country in Europe. For the improvement and protection of public health, adolescents should be guided for healthy eating habits. This studyaims todetermine the nutritional status of students in adolescenceand investigate their obesity status. Material and Methods: The research is a descriptive study which has 204 students randomly selected from an Anatolian High School in Amasya. The data were collected through a questionnaire. The survey contains demographic information; eating habits and a food frequency form. Results: According to the results, 59.3% female and 40.7% are male with the average age being 15.88±0.86 years; the average weight 59.9±11.6kg; the average height 168.1±8.63cm; the average BMI 21.1±3.25kg/m2 . In results, the percentiles of the Body Mass Index (BMI) by age and weight for age, females have more normal results (p<0.05). The majority of participants had normal BMI values. The BMI values of the students who have an obese person in their family were higher (p<0.05). 42.6% of the students skipped meals while at home. The results of food frequency survey showed that protein, cholesterol, thiamine, riboflavin, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc were higher in males (p<0.05). Conclusion: Adolescents need nutritional education on healthy eating, meal timing and snacking. It is recommended to provide nutrition education to students and families in institutions and to provide nutritionists for the monitoring of nutrition. It will affect adulthood and the next generations positively.

DOI :10.26650/jchild.2021.862283   IUP :10.26650/jchild.2021.862283    Full Text (PDF)

Adölesan Döneminde Beslenme ve Obezite İlişkisinin Değerlendirilmesi

Aslıhan ŞahinerBurcu Yavunç Yeşilkaya

Amaç: Adölesanlarda obezite tüm dünyada oldukça önemli bir durumdur. Güncel araştırmalara göre Türkiye, Avrupa’nın en obez ülkesidir. Koruyucu sağlık politikaları önem kazanmıştır. Halk sağlığının iyileştirilmesi ve korunması için adölesanların sağlıklı beslenme alışkanlıkları konusunda yönlendirilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu çalışmada adölesan dönemindeki öğrencilerin beslenme durumlarının belirlenmesi ve obezite durumlarının incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Araştırma tanımlayıcı bir çalışmadır. Çalışma grubu Amasya’daki bir Anadolu Lisesi’nden rastgele seçilen 204 öğrenciden oluşmaktadır. Veriler, literatür taraması sonucunda araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan bir anket ile toplanmıştır. Anket demografik bilgileri, yeme alışkanlıkları ve bir besin tüketim sıklığı formunu içermektedir. Bulgular: Sonuçlara göre katılımcıların %59,3’ü kız, %40,7’si erkektir. Ortalama yaş 15,88±0,86’dır; ortalama ağırlık 59,9±11,6kg’dır; ortalama boy 168.1±8.63cm; ortalama Beden Kitle İndeksi (BKİ) 21.1±3.25kg/m2 ’dir. Sonuçlarda yaşa ve ağırlığa göre BKİ persentilleri, kızlarda erkeklere göre daha normal bulunmuştur (p<0.05). Katılımcıların çoğunluğunun normal BKİ değerlerine sahip olduğu görüldü. Ailelerinde obez birey olan öğrencilerin BKİ değerleri daha yüksek olarak saptandı (p<0.05). Öğrencilerin %42,6’sı evdeyken öğün atladığını belirtti. Gıda sıklığı anketinin sonuçları; erkeklerde protein, kolesterol, tiamin, riboflavin, sodyum, kalsiyum, magnezyum, fosfor ve çinko kızlara göre daha yüksek bulundu (p<0.05). Sonuç: Araştırma sonuçlarına göre adölesanların sağlıklı beslenme, öğün zamanlaması, atıştırma konularında beslenme eğitimine ihtiyaçları vardır. Kurumlarda öğrenci ve ailelere beslenme eğitimi verilmesi ve beslenme takibi için beslenme uzmanlarının sağlanması önerilmektedir. Bu destek, yetişkinlik dönemini ve ailesinin diğer nesillerini olumlu yönde etkileyeceği düşünülmektedir


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APA

Şahiner, A., & Yavunç Yeşilkaya, B. (2021). Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence. Journal of Child, 21(2), 119-127. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


AMA

Şahiner A, Yavunç Yeşilkaya B. Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence. Journal of Child. 2021;21(2):119-127. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


ABNT

Şahiner, A.; Yavunç Yeşilkaya, B. Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence. Journal of Child, [Publisher Location], v. 21, n. 2, p. 119-127, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Şahiner, Aslıhan, and Burcu Yavunç Yeşilkaya. 2021. “Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence.” Journal of Child 21, no. 2: 119-127. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


Chicago: Humanities Style

Şahiner, Aslıhan, and Burcu Yavunç Yeşilkaya. Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence.” Journal of Child 21, no. 2 (Sep. 2021): 119-127. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


Harvard: Australian Style

Şahiner, A & Yavunç Yeşilkaya, B 2021, 'Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence', Journal of Child, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 119-127, viewed 24 Sep. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Şahiner, A. and Yavunç Yeşilkaya, B. (2021) ‘Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence’, Journal of Child, 21(2), pp. 119-127. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283 (24 Sep. 2021).


MLA

Şahiner, Aslıhan, and Burcu Yavunç Yeşilkaya. Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence.” Journal of Child, vol. 21, no. 2, 2021, pp. 119-127. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


Vancouver

Şahiner A, Yavunç Yeşilkaya B. Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence. Journal of Child [Internet]. 24 Sep. 2021 [cited 24 Sep. 2021];21(2):119-127. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283 doi: 10.26650/jchild.2021.862283


ISNAD

Şahiner, Aslıhan - Yavunç Yeşilkaya, Burcu. Assessment of the Relationship Between Nutrition and Obesity in Adolescence”. Journal of Child 21/2 (Sep. 2021): 119-127. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2021.862283



TIMELINE


Submitted15.01.2021
Accepted07.05.2021
Published Online07.09.2021

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