Research Article


DOI :10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223   IUP :10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223    Full Text (PDF)

Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience

Almala Pınar ErgenekonEcenur ŞahinCansu Yılmaz YeğitMürüvvet YanazAynur GulievaMine KalyoncuMerve SelçukEla Erdem EralpYasemin GökdemirBülent Taner Karadağ

Objective: The use of flexible bronchoscopy for diagnosis and/or treatment in pediatric patients has increased considerably in recent years with new indication areas. The aim of the current study is to present our experience with 732 flexible bronchoscopy procedures performed over 5 years in our Pediatric Pulmonology Clinic. Materials and Method: The study involves children under the age of 18 years who’ve undergone flexible bronchoscopy. Demographic characteristics, flexible bronchoscopy indications and findings, complications, and bronchoalveolar lavage results have been recorded. Results: Patients’ median age is 5 years (range from 2-10 years). The most common indication of FB is recurrent lower respiratory tract infection (29.6%), followed by chronic cough (16.4%). Of the patients 49 (6.7%) had an immunodeficiency and 42 (5.7%) had a malignancy. The bronchoscopic evaluations revealed normal airway anatomies in 250 (34.2%) patients. At least one pathological finding was detected in 482 (65.8%) patients. The most common findings were increased airway secretions in 268 (36.6%) patients and bronchomalacia in 66 (9%) patients. Microbiological growth presented for at least one microorganism in 111 (20.8%) patients. Haemophilus infleunzae was the most frequently identified bacteria. No major complications were observed. Conclusion: Flexible bronchoscopy is very valuable for patients with recurrent lower respiratory tract infections in terms of bronchoalveolar lavage culture results and appropriate antibiotic therapy. Flexible bronchoscopy is essential for detecting laryngomalacia or secondary airway lesions in patients with stridor and is an important tool for definitively diagnosing bronchomalacia in patients with persistent wheezing and chronic cough.

DOI :10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223   IUP :10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223    Full Text (PDF)

Çocuklarda Fleksibl Bronkoskopi- Marmara Çocuk Göğüs Hastalıkları Deneyimi

Almala Pınar ErgenekonEcenur ŞahinCansu Yılmaz YeğitMürüvvet YanazAynur GulievaMine KalyoncuMerve SelçukEla Erdem EralpYasemin GökdemirBülent Taner Karadağ

Amaç: Fleksibl bronkoskopinin pediatrik hastalarda tanı ve/veya tedavi amaçlı kullanımı yeni endikasyon alanlarıyla son yıllarda oldukça artış göstermiştir. Bu çalışmada amacımız Çocuk Göğüs Hastalıkları kliniğimizde 5 yıllık sürede gerçekleştirdiğimiz 732 fleksibl bronkoskopi işlemi ile ilgili deneyimimizi sunmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntem: 2016-2021 yılları arasında fleksibl bronkoskopi işlemi uygulanan 18 yaş altı çocuklar çalışmaya dahil edildi. Hastaların tıbbi kayıtları incelendi ve demografik özellikleri, bronkoskopi endikasyonları, bronkoskopi bulguları, komplikasyonlar ve bronkoalveoler lavaj sonuçları kayıt edildi. Bulgular: Hastaların ortanca yaşı 5 yıl idi. Fleksibl bronkoskopinin en sık endikasyonu tekrarlayan alt solunum yolu enfeksiyonu (%29,6), ikinci en sık neden kronik öksürük (%16,4) idi. Fleksibl bronkoskopi yapılan hastaların 49’unda (%6,7) immun yetmezlik, 42’sinde (%5,7) malignite mevcuttu. Bronkoskopik değerlendirmeler 250 (%34,2) hastada normal hava yolu anatomisi ortaya koyarken, 482 (%65,8) hastada en az bir patolojik bulgu saptadı. En sık görülen bulgular 268 (%36,6) hastada havayolu sekresyonları artışı ile 66 (%9) hastada bronkomalazi idi. Hastaların 111’inde (%20,8) mikrobiyolojik üreme mevcuttu. Haemophilus influenzae en sık bulunan bakteri idi. Hiçbir hastada majör komplikasyon gözlenmedi. Sonuç: Fleksibl bronkoskopi, tekrarlayan alt solunum yolu enfeksiyonu olan hastalarda bronkoalveoler lavaj kültür sonuçları ile uygun antibiyotik tedavisinin verilebilmesi açısından çok önemlidir. Stridoru olan hastalarda laringomalazi veya ikincil hava yolu lezyonlarının; persistan hışıltı ve kronik öksürüğü olan hastalarda bronkomalazinin kesin tanısı için önemli bir araçtır.


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APA

Ergenekon, A.P., Şahin, E., Yeğit, C., Yanaz, M., Gulieva, A., Kalyoncu, M., Selçuk, M., Erdem Eralp, E., Gökdemir, Y., & Karadağ, B.T. (2022). Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience. Journal of Child, 22(2), 99-104. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


AMA

Ergenekon A P, Şahin E, Yeğit C, Yanaz M, Gulieva A, Kalyoncu M, Selçuk M, Erdem Eralp E, Gökdemir Y, Karadağ B T. Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience. Journal of Child. 2022;22(2):99-104. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


ABNT

Ergenekon, A.P.; Şahin, E.; Yeğit, C.; Yanaz, M.; Gulieva, A.; Kalyoncu, M.; Selçuk, M.; Erdem Eralp, E.; Gökdemir, Y.; Karadağ, B.T. Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience. Journal of Child, [Publisher Location], v. 22, n. 2, p. 99-104, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Ergenekon, Almala Pınar, and Ecenur Şahin and Cansu Yılmaz Yeğit and Mürüvvet Yanaz and Aynur Gulieva and Mine Kalyoncu and Merve Selçuk and Ela Erdem Eralp and Yasemin Gökdemir and Bülent Taner Karadağ. 2022. “Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience.” Journal of Child 22, no. 2: 99-104. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


Chicago: Humanities Style

Ergenekon, Almala Pınar, and Ecenur Şahin and Cansu Yılmaz Yeğit and Mürüvvet Yanaz and Aynur Gulieva and Mine Kalyoncu and Merve Selçuk and Ela Erdem Eralp and Yasemin Gökdemir and Bülent Taner Karadağ. Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience.” Journal of Child 22, no. 2 (Oct. 2022): 99-104. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


Harvard: Australian Style

Ergenekon, AP & Şahin, E & Yeğit, C & Yanaz, M & Gulieva, A & Kalyoncu, M & Selçuk, M & Erdem Eralp, E & Gökdemir, Y & Karadağ, BT 2022, 'Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience', Journal of Child, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 99-104, viewed 5 Oct. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Ergenekon, A.P. and Şahin, E. and Yeğit, C. and Yanaz, M. and Gulieva, A. and Kalyoncu, M. and Selçuk, M. and Erdem Eralp, E. and Gökdemir, Y. and Karadağ, B.T. (2022) ‘Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience’, Journal of Child, 22(2), pp. 99-104. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223 (5 Oct. 2022).


MLA

Ergenekon, Almala Pınar, and Ecenur Şahin and Cansu Yılmaz Yeğit and Mürüvvet Yanaz and Aynur Gulieva and Mine Kalyoncu and Merve Selçuk and Ela Erdem Eralp and Yasemin Gökdemir and Bülent Taner Karadağ. Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience.” Journal of Child, vol. 22, no. 2, 2022, pp. 99-104. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


Vancouver

Ergenekon AP, Şahin E, Yeğit C, Yanaz M, Gulieva A, Kalyoncu M, Selçuk M, Erdem Eralp E, Gökdemir Y, Karadağ BT. Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience. Journal of Child [Internet]. 5 Oct. 2022 [cited 5 Oct. 2022];22(2):99-104. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223 doi: 10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223


ISNAD

Ergenekon, AlmalaPınar - Şahin, Ecenur - Yeğit, Cansu Yılmaz - Yanaz, Mürüvvet - Gulieva, Aynur - Kalyoncu, Mine - Selçuk, Merve - Erdem Eralp, Ela - Gökdemir, Yasemin - Karadağ, BülentTaner. Flexible Bronchoscopy in Children: The Marmara University Division of Pediatric Pulmonology Experience”. Journal of Child 22/2 (Oct. 2022): 99-104. https://doi.org/10.26650/jchild.2022.1078223



TIMELINE


Submitted24.02.2022
Accepted27.05.2022
Published Online09.09.2022

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