Research Article


DOI :10.5222/j.child.2019.45822   IUP :10.5222/j.child.2019.45822    Full Text (PDF)

Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma

Mehmet EltanFerhan AkıcıGönül AydoğanZafer ŞalcıoğluAli ErHasan ÖnalAyça İribaşMehmet Emin DarendelilerDeniz Tuğcu

Objective: As the survival rate and duration increases in the treatment of childhood Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, the incidence of side effects resulting from the treatment increases and the late effects of the treatment become increasingly important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the late side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy on thyroid functions in patients treated for Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in childhood. Method: Thyroid functions of 40 patients who were treated with diagnosis of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, between 1994 and 2013, followed up in remission in Istanbul Health Sciences University, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, were evaluated retrospectively. Results: The mean age of the patients was 14.13±6.081 (range: 4-31) years, and the male / female ratio was 34/6 (85%/15%). The mean follow-up period was 5.54±3.68 years (0.92-13.92). All patients received chemotherapy. Thirty seven patients (92.5%) received radiotherapy to the neck region. The mean radiotherapy dose was 21.4875±4.48726 Gy. Primary disease was localized to head and neck region in 72.5% of our patients. B symptoms were present in 7 patients (17.5%). Hypothyroidism was detected in 12 of 40 patients (30%) and replacement therapy was started in 5 patients (41%) with the diagnosis of clinical hypothyroidism. Eleven (91%) of these patients were male and 1 (9%) was female. Thyroid gland nodules were detected in 5 (12.5%) of our patients. Of 5 patients with thyroid nodules, 3 were male (60%) and 2 were female (40%). Hypothyroidism was 3.10±2.02 years and thyroid nodule was 8.90±7.10 years. Three patients who were selected according to thyroid scintigraphy and thyroid ultrasonography results were referred to thyroid biopsy and no malignancy was detected. Conclusion: Radiation-induced thyroid diseases in pediatric Hodgkin’s Lymphoma patients may develop during the years following treatment, when the disease is in remission. In particular, patients exposed to neck radiotherapy should be closely monitored for the occurrence of thyroid dysfunction.

DOI :10.5222/j.child.2019.45822   IUP :10.5222/j.child.2019.45822    Full Text (PDF)

Çocukluk Çağı Hodgkin Lenfoma Nedeniyle Tedavi Gören Hastalarda Tiroid Fonksiyonlarının Değerlendirilmesi

Mehmet EltanFerhan AkıcıGönül AydoğanZafer ŞalcıoğluAli ErHasan ÖnalAyça İribaşMehmet Emin DarendelilerDeniz Tuğcu

Amaç: Çocukluk çağı Hodgkin Lenfoma tedavisinde sağkalım oran ve süresi uzadıkça, tedavi sonucu gelişen yan etkilerin görülme sıklığı artmakta ve tedavinin geç etkileri giderek önem kazanmaktadır. Bu çalışmada çocukluk çağında Hodgkin Lenfoma nedeniyle tedavi gören hastalarda, kemoterapi ve radyoterapinin tiroid fonksiyonları üzerine geç yan etkilerinin değerlendirilmesi amaçlandı. Yöntem: İstanbul Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Çocuk Hematoloji ve Onkoloji Kliniği’nde, 1994-2013 yılları arasında Hodgkin Lenfoma tanısı ile tedavi görüp, remisyonda olarak izlenen, en az 6 aydır tedavi almayan, 34’ü erkek, 6’sı kız olmak üzere toplam 40 hastanın tiroid fonksiyonları retrospektif olarak incelendi. Bulgular: Tanı alan hastaların yaş ortalaması 14.13±6.081 (dağılım: 4-31), erkek/kız oranı 34/6 (%85/%15) idi. Ortalama takip süresi 5.54±3.68 yıl (0,92-13,92) idi. Tüm hastalara kemoterapi verildi. Boyun bölgesine radyoterapi 37 hasta (%92,5) almıştı. Ortalama radyoterapi dozu 21.4875±4.48726 Gy idi. Hastalarımızda %72.5 oranında primer hastalık baş-boyun bölgesine lokalize idi. B semptomu 7 hastada (%17,5) vardı. Kırk hastanın 12’inde (%30 hasta) hipotiroidi saptandı, 5 hastaya (%41) klinik hipotiroidi tanısıyla replasman tedavisine başlandı. Bu hastaların 11’i erkek (%91), 1’i kızdı (%9). Hastalarımızın 5’inde (%12.5) yapılan tiroid USG’sinde tiroid bezi nodülü saptandı. Tiroid nodülü saptanan toplam 5 hastanın 3’ü erkek (%60), 2’si kızdı (%40). Hipotiroidi gelişme zamanı 3.10±2.02 yıl, tiroid nodülü oluşma zamanı 8.90±7.10 yıl olarak saptandı. Tiroid sintigrafisi ve tiroid ultrasonografi sonuçlarına göre seçilen üç hasta tiroid biyopsisine yönlendirildi, malinite saptanmadı. Sonuç: Pediatrik Hodgkin Lenfoma hastalarında radyasyona bağlı tiroid hastalıkları, tedaviden sonraki yıllarda, hastalık remisyonda iken gelişebilir. Özellikle boyun radyoterapisine maruz kalmış hastalar, tiroid fonksiyon bozukluklarının ortaya çıkması açısından yakından takip edilmelidir.


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APA

Eltan, M., Akıcı, F., Aydoğan, G., Şalcıoğlu, Z., Er, A., Önal, H., İribaş, A., Darendeliler, M.E., & Tuğcu, D. (2019). Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma. Journal of Child, 19(3), 124-131. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


AMA

Eltan M, Akıcı F, Aydoğan G, Şalcıoğlu Z, Er A, Önal H, İribaş A, Darendeliler M E, Tuğcu D. Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma. Journal of Child. 2019;19(3):124-131. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


ABNT

Eltan, M.; Akıcı, F.; Aydoğan, G.; Şalcıoğlu, Z.; Er, A.; Önal, H.; İribaş, A.; Darendeliler, M.E.; Tuğcu, D. Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma. Journal of Child, [Publisher Location], v. 19, n. 3, p. 124-131, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Eltan, Mehmet, and Ferhan Akıcı and Gönül Aydoğan and Zafer Şalcıoğlu and Ali Er and Hasan Önal and Ayça İribaş and Mehmet Emin Darendeliler and Deniz Tuğcu. 2019. “Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma.” Journal of Child 19, no. 3: 124-131. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


Chicago: Humanities Style

Eltan, Mehmet, and Ferhan Akıcı and Gönül Aydoğan and Zafer Şalcıoğlu and Ali Er and Hasan Önal and Ayça İribaş and Mehmet Emin Darendeliler and Deniz Tuğcu. Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma.” Journal of Child 19, no. 3 (Jul. 2024): 124-131. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


Harvard: Australian Style

Eltan, M & Akıcı, F & Aydoğan, G & Şalcıoğlu, Z & Er, A & Önal, H & İribaş, A & Darendeliler, ME & Tuğcu, D 2019, 'Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma', Journal of Child, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 124-131, viewed 21 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Eltan, M. and Akıcı, F. and Aydoğan, G. and Şalcıoğlu, Z. and Er, A. and Önal, H. and İribaş, A. and Darendeliler, M.E. and Tuğcu, D. (2019) ‘Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma’, Journal of Child, 19(3), pp. 124-131. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822 (21 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Eltan, Mehmet, and Ferhan Akıcı and Gönül Aydoğan and Zafer Şalcıoğlu and Ali Er and Hasan Önal and Ayça İribaş and Mehmet Emin Darendeliler and Deniz Tuğcu. Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma.” Journal of Child, vol. 19, no. 3, 2019, pp. 124-131. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


Vancouver

Eltan M, Akıcı F, Aydoğan G, Şalcıoğlu Z, Er A, Önal H, İribaş A, Darendeliler ME, Tuğcu D. Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma. Journal of Child [Internet]. 21 Jul. 2024 [cited 21 Jul. 2024];19(3):124-131. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822 doi: 10.5222/j.child.2019.45822


ISNAD

Eltan, Mehmet - Akıcı, Ferhan - Aydoğan, Gönül - Şalcıoğlu, Zafer - Er, Ali - Önal, Hasan - İribaş, Ayça - Darendeliler, MehmetEmin - Tuğcu, Deniz. Evaluation of Thyroid Functions in Patients Treated Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma”. Journal of Child 19/3 (Jul. 2024): 124-131. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.45822



TIMELINE


Submitted07.11.2019
Accepted22.11.2019
Published Online05.12.2019

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