Research Article


DOI :10.5222/j.child.2019.78095   IUP :10.5222/j.child.2019.78095    Full Text (PDF)

Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program

Bahar Kural

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the vaccination rates and seroprevalences related to hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines in children between 7-15 years of age, in two schools from different socioeconomic levels, before they entered in The Expanded Programme on Immunization in Turkey. Method: Our study was performed in 2003 in 546 children in two schools from different socioeconomic status in Istanbul Bakırköy district. Parents were informed before the study in an informative meeting and children of those parents who were willing to participate in the study were included in this survey. Administration of hepatitis A and B vaccines and history of jaundice in children were questioned. Anti HAV IgG, HbsAg and Anti Hbs markers were studied from venous blood samples drawn from children Results: Vaccination rates with hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines and seroprevalence of these agents were found to be significantly higher in the school where the socioeconomic level was higher. Conclusion: The administration of vaccines not included in National Immunization Program may vary depending on socioeconomic status. Today, the implementation of hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines into The National Immunization Program is an important public health initiative in terms of removing the existing social inequality in child health.

DOI :10.5222/j.child.2019.78095   IUP :10.5222/j.child.2019.78095    Full Text (PDF)

Ulusal Bağışıklama Programına Girmeden Önce Farklı Sosyoekonomik Düzeyleri Bulunan İki Okulda Hepatit A ve Hepatit B Aşılarının Uygulanma Sıklıkları

Bahar Kural

Amaç: Hepatit A ve hepatit B aşılarının ülkemiz Genişletilmiş Bağışıklama Programı’na girmeden önce, sosyoekonomik düzeyleri farklı iki okulda, 7-15 yaş arası çocuklarda her iki etkene yönelik aşılama oranlarının ve seroprevelansların karşılaştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Çalışmamız, 2003 yılında, İstanbul Bakırköy ilçesinde, sosyoekonomik düzeyi farklı iki okulda öğrenim gören 546 çocuk arasında yapılmıştır. Ebeveynlere çalışma öncesi bilgilendirme toplantısı yapılmış, çalışmaya gönüllü ebeveynlerin çocukları çalışmaya dâhil edilmiştir. Çocukların hepatit A ve hepatit B aşıları uygulanma durumu, çocukta sarılık geçirme öyküsü sorgulandı. Çocuklardan alınan venöz kanlardan Anti HAV IgG, HbsAg, Anti Hbs belirteçleri çalışılmıştır. Bulgular: Sosyoekonomik düzeyin daha yüksek olduğu okulda hepatit A ve hepatit B aşısı ile aşılanma oranları ve bu etkenlerin seroprevalansları istatistiksel anlamlı olarak yüksek saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Ulusal Aşılama Programı’nda yer almayan aşıların uygulanması, sosyoekonomik düzeye göre farklılık gösterebilmektedir. Günümüzde hepatit A ve hepatit B aşılarının Ulusal Bağışıklama Programı’nda yer alması, çocuk sağlığında var olan bir sosyal eşitsizliğin kaldırılması açısından önemli bir halk sağlığı girişimidir.


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APA

Kural, B. (2019). Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program. Journal of Child, 19(2), 84-88. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


AMA

Kural B. Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program. Journal of Child. 2019;19(2):84-88. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


ABNT

Kural, B. Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program. Journal of Child, [Publisher Location], v. 19, n. 2, p. 84-88, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Kural, Bahar,. 2019. “Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program.” Journal of Child 19, no. 2: 84-88. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


Chicago: Humanities Style

Kural, Bahar,. Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program.” Journal of Child 19, no. 2 (Jul. 2021): 84-88. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


Harvard: Australian Style

Kural, B 2019, 'Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program', Journal of Child, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 84-88, viewed 25 Jul. 2021, https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Kural, B. (2019) ‘Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program’, Journal of Child, 19(2), pp. 84-88. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095 (25 Jul. 2021).


MLA

Kural, Bahar,. Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program.” Journal of Child, vol. 19, no. 2, 2019, pp. 84-88. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


Vancouver

Kural B. Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program. Journal of Child [Internet]. 25 Jul. 2021 [cited 25 Jul. 2021];19(2):84-88. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095 doi: 10.5222/j.child.2019.78095


ISNAD

Kural, Bahar. Administration Frequencies of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Vaccines at Two Schools with Different Socioeconomic Status Before Admission to National Immunization Program”. Journal of Child 19/2 (Jul. 2021): 84-88. https://doi.org/10.5222/j.child.2019.78095



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Published Online31.08.2019

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