Research Article

DOI :10.26650/JECS2023-1266523   IUP :10.26650/JECS2023-1266523    Full Text (PDF)

Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway

Meltem Yılmaz Şener

This article examines differentways of belonging among migrants of Turkish origin who were born in Türkiye and are currently living in Norway (in/around Oslo and Drammen). The discussion in the article is based on the findings of semi-structured interviews conducted between March 2019 and August 2020 with 71 Turkish migrants as part of a qualitative study. Different categories of responses to the questions about belonging and the meanings respondents attached to belonging/not belonging are discussed. The paper aims to demonstrate the heterogeneity and complexity of feelings of belonging among the members of an ethnic group that is assumed to feel belonging to their country of origin rather than the destination country in the context of Europe. Additionally, the paper also aims to elaborate on what migrants actually mean when they talk about their belonging (or not belonging) to territories such as the country of origin or destination country, and collectivities like nations. Here it is argued that questioning and criticizing migrants’ feelings of belonging (especially to their countries of origin) as a part of civic integration agendas is an effort to intervene in and have control over their emotions. This claim to the right to intervene in migrants’ emotional lives is approached critically.

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Yılmaz Şener, M. (2023). Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway. Journal of Economy Culture and Society, 0(68), 60-73.


Yılmaz Şener M. Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway. Journal of Economy Culture and Society. 2023;0(68):60-73.


Yılmaz Şener, M. Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway. Journal of Economy Culture and Society, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 68, p. 60-73, 2023.

Chicago: Author-Date Style

Yılmaz Şener, Meltem,. 2023. “Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway.” Journal of Economy Culture and Society 0, no. 68: 60-73.

Chicago: Humanities Style

Yılmaz Şener, Meltem,. Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway.” Journal of Economy Culture and Society 0, no. 68 (Mar. 2024): 60-73.

Harvard: Australian Style

Yılmaz Şener, M 2023, 'Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway', Journal of Economy Culture and Society, vol. 0, no. 68, pp. 60-73, viewed 3 Mar. 2024,

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Yılmaz Şener, M. (2023) ‘Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway’, Journal of Economy Culture and Society, 0(68), pp. 60-73. (3 Mar. 2024).


Yılmaz Şener, Meltem,. Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway.” Journal of Economy Culture and Society, vol. 0, no. 68, 2023, pp. 60-73. [Database Container],


Yılmaz Şener M. Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway. Journal of Economy Culture and Society [Internet]. 3 Mar. 2024 [cited 3 Mar. 2024];0(68):60-73. Available from: doi: 10.26650/JECS2023-1266523


Yılmaz Şener, Meltem. Varieties of Belonging Among Migrants: Turkish Migrants in Norway”. Journal of Economy Culture and Society 0/68 (Mar. 2024): 60-73.


Published Online27.11.2023


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