Research Article


DOI :10.26650/JEPR1392777   IUP :10.26650/JEPR1392777    Full Text (PDF)

How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region

Tamerlan MashadihasanliHaluk Zülfikar

In the contemporary era of digitization, economies have been significantly influenced by the emergence of information and communication technology (ICT). In this digital age, the ICT sector all over the world has entered a period of rapid growth. The swift advancements within the ICT sector have played a pivotal role in shaping the global economy while simultaneously influencing the economic landscape of the European Union (EU) and Asia-Pacific region (APAC) countries. The purpose of this study is to comparatively evaluate ICT, its place in the EU and APAC countries’ economies, and how it affected economic growth between 2007-2019. The dataset was analyzed using the Levin, Lin, and Chu unit root test, pooled ordinary least-squares (OLS), fixed effects, random effects, and two-step system generalized method of moments (GMM) estimators. The two-step system GMM findings show ICT’s effects on economic growth to vary according to regional conditions. While Internet use has been found to contribute positively to the economic growth of the countries within the EU, this situation was observed to have had the opposite effect in the APAC region countries. These region-specific dynamics highlight the need for tailored policy considerations, suggesting the impact of ICT on economic development to be contingent upon regional conditions. The novelty of this research lies in its cross-regional perspective, thus contributing valuable knowledge for informed policy decisions in the increasingly interconnected global landscape. This study emphasizes the importance of regional dynamics in understanding the influence ICT has on economic growth and can guide policy makers and business leaders in shaping ICT strategies and investments according to regional characteristics.

JEL Classification : O11 , O20 , O33
DOI :10.26650/JEPR1392777   IUP :10.26650/JEPR1392777    Full Text (PDF)

Bilgi ve İletişim Teknolojileri Ekonomik Büyümeyi Nasıl Etkiler? Avrupa Birliği ve Asya Pasifik Bölgesi Ekonomileri İçin Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analiz

Tamerlan MashadihasanliHaluk Zülfikar

Çağdaş dijitalleşme çağında ekonomi, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerinin (BİT) ortaya çıkmasından önemli ölçüde etkilenmektedir. İçinde bulunduğumuz dijital çağda tüm dünyada BİT sektörü hızlı bir büyüme sürecine girmiştir. Bu hızlı ilerlemeler, BİT sektörlerinde, dünya ekonomisini ve buna paralel olarak Avrupa Birliği (AB) ve Asya-Pasifik bölgesi (APAC) ülkelerinin ekonomisini etkileme eğilimindedir. Bu çalışmanın yürütülmesindeki amaç BİT’in AB ve APAC ülkeleri ekonomisindeki yeri ve ekonomik büyümeyi nasıl etkilediği konusunda 2007-2019 yılları arasında karşılaştırmalı bir değerlendirme yapmaktır. Veri seti Levin, Lin & Chu birim kök testi, Pooled OLS, Sabit Etkiler, Rastgele Etkiler ve iki adımlı sistem Genelleştirilmiş Momentler (GMM) tahmin edicileri kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. İki aşamalı sistem GMM bulguları, BİT’in ekonomik büyüme üzerindeki etkilerinin bölgesel koşullara göre değişebileceğini göstermektedir. AB ülkelerinde internet kullanımının ekonomik büyümeyi olumlu etkilediği saptanırken, APAC bölgesi ülkelerinde bu durumun tam tersi etki yarattığı gözlemlenmiştir. Bu bölgeye özgü dinamikler, özel politika değerlendirmelerine olan ihtiyacın altını çiziyor ve BİT’in ekonomik kalkınmadaki rolünün bölgesel koşullara bağlı olduğunu öne sürüyor. Araştırmamızın yeniliği, giderek birbirine bağlanan küresel ortamda bilinçli politika kararlarına değerli bilgiler katan bölgeler arası perspektifinde yer almaktadır. Bu çalışma, BİT’in ekonomik büyüme üzerindeki etkilerinin anlaşılmasında bölgesel dinamiklerin önemini vurgulamakta ve politika yapıcılara ve iş dünyası liderlerine BİT stratejilerini ve yatırımlarını bölgesel özelliklere göre şekillendirmede yol göstermektedir.

JEL Classification : O11 , O20 , O33

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APA

Mashadihasanli, T., & Zülfikar, H. (2024). How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region. Journal of Economic Policy Researches, 11(1), 99-114. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777


AMA

Mashadihasanli T, Zülfikar H. How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region. Journal of Economic Policy Researches. 2024;11(1):99-114. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777


ABNT

Mashadihasanli, T.; Zülfikar, H. How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region. Journal of Economic Policy Researches, [Publisher Location], v. 11, n. 1, p. 99-114, 2024.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Mashadihasanli, Tamerlan, and Haluk Zülfikar. 2024. “How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches 11, no. 1: 99-114. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777


Chicago: Humanities Style

Mashadihasanli, Tamerlan, and Haluk Zülfikar. How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches 11, no. 1 (Jul. 2024): 99-114. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777


Harvard: Australian Style

Mashadihasanli, T & Zülfikar, H 2024, 'How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region', Journal of Economic Policy Researches, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 99-114, viewed 20 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Mashadihasanli, T. and Zülfikar, H. (2024) ‘How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region’, Journal of Economic Policy Researches, 11(1), pp. 99-114. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777 (20 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Mashadihasanli, Tamerlan, and Haluk Zülfikar. How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches, vol. 11, no. 1, 2024, pp. 99-114. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777


Vancouver

Mashadihasanli T, Zülfikar H. How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region. Journal of Economic Policy Researches [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];11(1):99-114. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777 doi: 10.26650/JEPR1392777


ISNAD

Mashadihasanli, Tamerlan - Zülfikar, Haluk. How Does Information and Communication Technologies Affect Economic Growth? A Comparative Analysis of the Economies of the European Union and Asia-Pacific Region”. Journal of Economic Policy Researches 11/1 (Jul. 2024): 99-114. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR1392777



TIMELINE


Submitted18.11.2023
Accepted12.02.2024
Published Online16.02.2024

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