Research Article


DOI :10.26650/JEPR.910662   IUP :10.26650/JEPR.910662    Full Text (PDF)

Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis

Selim Demez

One of the main issues which has been given great emphasis in economics literature, particularly since the 19th century, is that of the relationship between public expenditure and economic growth. There are two theoretical approaches in the literature dealing with this relationship. The first is Wagner’s law which states that public expenditure increases as growth expands. The second is related to the Keynesian hypothesis which states that public spending encourages growth. In other words, while Wagner asserts that the causality runs from growth to public spending, Keynes claims that public spending causes growth. In this study, the validity of Wagner’s Law was analyzed with the Dumitrescu and Hurlin (2012) panel causality test using annual data from between the years 1995 and 2019 for eleven European Union member transition economies. Our main purpose in this study was to determine whether public expenditure can be used as an effective policy tool in transition economies that are members of the European Union. The test results revealed that there is one-way causality from growth to public spending. In other words, Wagner’s Law is valid for the country group and period subject to the study

JEL Classification : E62 , C33 , H59
DOI :10.26650/JEPR.910662   IUP :10.26650/JEPR.910662    Full Text (PDF)

AB’ye Üye Geçiş Ekonomilerinde Wagner Kanununun Geçerliliği: Panel Nedensellik Analizi

Selim Demez

Özellikle 19. yy’dan sonra kamu harcamaları ve ekonomik büyüme ilişkisi iktisat literatüründe önemle üzerinde durulan konulardan biridir. Bu ilişki iki teori açısından incelenmektedir. Bunlardan ilki Wagner yasasıdır. Wagner’e göre kamu harcamalarındaki artış büyümenin bir sonucudur. İkincisi ise Keynesyen hipotezdir. Keynes’e göre kamu harcamaları büyümeyi teşvik etmektedir. Diğer bir ifadeyle Wagner yasasında nedensellik büyümeden kamu harcamalarına doğru iken Keynes bunun tam tersini yani kamu harcamalarından büyümeye doğru bir nedensellik ilişkisi olduğunu öne sürmektedir. Bu çalışmada Avrupa Birliği’ne üye on bir geçiş ekonomisi için 1995-2019 yılları arasında yıllık veriler kullanılarak Wagner Yasasının geçerliliği Dumitrescu ve Hurlin (2012) panel nedensellik analizi ile incelenmiştir. Bu çalışmadaki asıl amacımız Avrupa Birliği’ne üye bu geçiş ekonomilerinde kamu harcamalarının etkin bir politika aracı olarak kullanılıp kullanılamayacağını belirlemektir. Test sonuçlarına göre büyümeden kamu harcamalarına tek yönlü nedensellik vardır. Diğer bir ifadeyle çalışmaya konu olan ülke grubu ve dönem için Wagner Yasası geçerlidir.

JEL Classification : E62 , C33 , H59

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APA

Demez, S. (2021). Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis. Journal of Economic Policy Researches, 8(2), 199-210. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662


AMA

Demez S. Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis. Journal of Economic Policy Researches. 2021;8(2):199-210. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662


ABNT

Demez, S. Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis. Journal of Economic Policy Researches, [Publisher Location], v. 8, n. 2, p. 199-210, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Demez, Selim,. 2021. “Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches 8, no. 2: 199-210. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662


Chicago: Humanities Style

Demez, Selim,. Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches 8, no. 2 (Sep. 2021): 199-210. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662


Harvard: Australian Style

Demez, S 2021, 'Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis', Journal of Economic Policy Researches, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 199-210, viewed 24 Sep. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Demez, S. (2021) ‘Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis’, Journal of Economic Policy Researches, 8(2), pp. 199-210. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662 (24 Sep. 2021).


MLA

Demez, Selim,. Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis.” Journal of Economic Policy Researches, vol. 8, no. 2, 2021, pp. 199-210. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662


Vancouver

Demez S. Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis. Journal of Economic Policy Researches [Internet]. 24 Sep. 2021 [cited 24 Sep. 2021];8(2):199-210. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662 doi: 10.26650/JEPR.910662


ISNAD

Demez, Selim. Validity of Wagner’s Law in EU Member Transition Economies: Panel Causality Analysis”. Journal of Economic Policy Researches 8/2 (Sep. 2021): 199-210. https://doi.org/10.26650/JEPR.910662



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Submitted06.04.2021
Accepted06.04.2021

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