Research Article


DOI :10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112   IUP :10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112    Full Text (PDF)

Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective

Hayrettin ÖzlerAlim YılmazDidem Geylani

Understanding change and/or resistance to change is critical in studying institutions. We argue in this paper that the supply of expressible alternatives to the status quo, as well as the provision of incentives for political parties and other socio-political formations to participate in collective action for institutional change, are essential. These can be described as “ideational monopoly” of specific actors or “supreme legitimacy” of established institutions, but the latter can be described as “institutional handicaps” in a problematic way. According to a survey of the literature, institutional transformation follows a largely isomorphic pattern for the most part. In Turkey, it is undeniable that the European Union associated Turkish objectives have been the primary engine of institutional transformation in the country for a long time. Some historical turning moments in Europe-Turkey ties, as well as the associated actions of governments and public opinion towards the Turkish constitution, imply that there is almost a visible correlation between constitutional change and EU-Turkey relations, at least in the short term. As a result of this affinity, we have argued in favor of isomorphic approach as the most successful means of bringing about structural change. 

DOI :10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112   IUP :10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112    Full Text (PDF)

Türkiye Anayasasını Değiştirmek: Kurumsalcı ve Kolektif Eylem Perspektif

Hayrettin ÖzlerAlim YılmazDidem Geylani

Kurumları incelerken değişimi ve/veya değişime karşı direnci anlamak çok önemlidir. Bu çalışmada, statükoya yönelik ifade edilebilir alternatiflerin sağlanmasının yanı sıra, siyasi partilerin ve diğer sosyo-politik oluşumların kurumsal değişim için, ortak eylemde bulunmalarının elzem olduğu savunulmuştur. Bunlar, belirli aktörlerin “düşünsel tekeli” veya yerleşik kurumların “yüksek meşruiyeti” olarak tanımlanabilir, ancak ikincisi sorunlu bir şekilde “kurumsal engeller” olarak anlaşılmaktadır. Literatürde, kurumsal dönüşüm büyük ölçüde eşbiçimli model olarak sunulmaktadır. Türkiye’de Avrupa Birliği vizyonunun uzun süredir kurumsal dönüşümün ana dinamiği olduğu yadsınamaz. Avrupa-Türkiye ilişkilerindeki tarihsel dönüm noktaları, hükümetlerin ve kamuoyunun Türk anayasasına yönelik değişim talepleri ile AB-Türkiye ilişkileri arasında görünür bir ilişki olduğu aşikardır. Bu yakınlığın bir sonucu olarak, yapısal değişimi sağlamanın en başarılı yolu olarak izomorfik yaklaşımın etkili olduğu iddia edilmektedir.


PDF View

References

  • Bennan, G. & Buchanan, J. M. (1985). The reason of rules: constitutional political economy. (The collected works of James M. Buchanan; v. 10). Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Berger, P. L. & Thomas Luckman, T. (1967). The Social construction of reality. New York: Doubleday. google scholar
  • Buchanan, J. M. (2004). The Status of the status quo, Constitutional Political Economy, 15, 133-144. google scholar
  • Cebeci, M. (2016). De-Europeanisation or counter-conduct? Turkey’s democratisation and the EU. South European Society and Politics, 21(1), 119-132. google scholar
  • Cohen, M. D., March, J. G. &. Olsen J. P. (1972). A garbage can model of organizational choice. Administrative Science Quarterly, 17, 1-25. google scholar
  • Çağlar, D. (2007). Human rights conditionality in the relations of the EU and Turkey: a framework for analysis, International Strategic Research Organization, a Research Paper. google scholar
  • Dimaggio, P J. D. & W. Powell, W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147-160. google scholar
  • Drewry, G. D. (1996). Political institutions: legal perspectives. In R.E.Goodin & H.D. Klingemann, In A New Handbook of Political Science (pp.191-204). New York: Oxford University Press. google scholar
  • Esen B & Gümüşçü Ş. (2017). A small yes for presidentialism: the Turkish constitutional referendum of April 2017. South European Society and Politics, 22(3), 303-326, google scholar
  • Festinger, L. (1957). The theory of cognitive dissonance. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. google scholar
  • Fischer, H M. & Pollock, T. G.(2004). Effects of social capital and power on surviving transformational change: the case of initial public offerings. Academy of Management Journal, 47(4), 403-481. google scholar
  • Gambetta, D. (1993). The Sicilian mafia: the business of private protection. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Pres. google scholar
  • Hannan, Mi T. & Freeman, J. (1984). Structural inertia and organizational change. American Sociological Review, 49(2), 149-164. google scholar
  • Henisz, W J. & Zelner, B. A. (2005). Resistance to multilateral influence on reform: the political backlash against private infrastructure investments. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3690, September. google scholar
  • Hirschman, A. O. (1991). The rhetoric of reaction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. google scholar
  • Horton, S. (2006). The public service ethos in the British civil service: an historical institutional analysis. Public Policy and Administration, 21(1), 32-48. google scholar
  • Huber, G P. & Glick, W. H. (1993). Organizational change and redesign, Oxford: Oxford University Press. google scholar
  • Inglehart, R. & Baker, W.E. (2000). Modernization, cultural change and the persistence of traditional values. American Sociological Review, 65 (February), 19-51. google scholar
  • Julde, D. (2003). Legislative institutionalisation: A bent analytical arrow?. Government and Opposition, 38(3), 497-516. google scholar
  • Kalaycıoğlu, E. (2012). Kulturkampf in Turkey: the constitutional referendum of 12 September 2010. South European Society and Politics, 17(1), 1-22. google scholar
  • Klein, P A. & Miller, E. S. (1996). concepts of value, and democracy in institutional economics. Journal of Economic Issues, 30(1), 267-277. google scholar
  • Krasner, S. (1984). Approaches to the state: alternative conceptions of historical dynamics. Comparative Politics, 16, 223-246. google scholar
  • Lıeberman, R. C. (202). Ideas, institutions, and political order: explaining political change. The American Political Science Review, 96(4), 697-712. google scholar
  • Mahoney, J. (2000). Path dependency in historical sociology. Theory and Society, 29, 507-48. google scholar
  • March, J. G. & Olsen. J. P. (1989). Rediscovering institutions: the organizational basis of politics. New York: Free Press. google scholar
  • North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • North, D. C. (2005). Understanding the process of economic change. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Pres. google scholar
  • Olson, M. (1982). The rise and decline of nations. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. google scholar
  • Özipek, B. B. (2012). Constitution-making in Turkey after the 2011 elections, Turkish Studies, 13(2), 153-167. google scholar
  • Peters, G. (1999). Institutional theory in political science: the new institutionalism. London, New York: Continuum. google scholar
  • Philip M. A. (2013). Cooperative transnationalism in contemporary europe: europeanization and political opportunities for lgbt mobilization in the European Union. European Political Science Review, 5, 279-310. google scholar
  • Pierson, P. (2000). Increasing returns, path dependence, and the study of politics. American Political Science Review, 94(2), 251-67. google scholar
  • Rodes, R.A.W. (1995). The institutionalist approach, In D. Marsh & G. Stoker (Eds.), Theory and methods in political science (42-57). London: Macmillan Press. google scholar
  • Rothsteın, B. (1996). Political institutions: An overview. In R. E. Goodin& H.D. Klingemann (Eds.), A New handbook of political science (133-165), Oxford University Press. google scholar
  • Rowan, B. (1982). Organizational structure and the institutional environment: the case of public schools. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27: 259-279. google scholar
  • Sancar, M & Eylem Ü. (2007). Yargıda algı ve zihniyet kalıpları. İstanbul: TESEV (Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation). google scholar
  • Stinchcombe, A. L. (1995). On the virtues of the old institutionalism. Annual Review of Sociology, 23: 1-18. google scholar
  • Suchman, M.C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20(3), 571-610. google scholar
  • Thelen, K. (2003). How institutions evolve: insight from comparative historical analysis, in J. Mahoney and D. Rueschemeyer, Comparative historical analysis in the social sciences, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Tool, M R. (1996). A Neo-institutional Theory of Social Change in Veblen’s The Theory of the Leisure Class. Presented at Meetings of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy. Krakow, Poland, October 1995, and at meetings of the International Thorstein Veblen Association at Carleton College in Northfield MN, May 1. google scholar
  • Weir, M. (1995). Ideas and the politics of bounded innovation, in S. Steinmo, K.Thelen & Longstreth, F. (Eds), Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Williamson, O. (1975). Markets and hierarchies. New York: Free Press and London: Collier Macmillan. google scholar
  • Zeynep Y. (2017). Oppositional usages of Europeanization in Turkish constitution-making: discussions on religious freedom. Turkish Studies, 18(4), 644-664. google scholar
  • Zucker, L. G. (1977). The Role of institutionalization in cultural persistence. American Sociological Review, 42, 726-743. structure. google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Özler, H., Yılmaz, A., & Geylani, D. (2021). Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, 30(2), 193-205. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


AMA

Özler H, Yılmaz A, Geylani D. Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences. 2021;30(2):193-205. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


ABNT

Özler, H.; Yılmaz, A.; Geylani, D. Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, [Publisher Location], v. 30, n. 2, p. 193-205, 2021.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Özler, Hayrettin, and Alim Yılmaz and Didem Geylani. 2021. “Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 30, no. 2: 193-205. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


Chicago: Humanities Style

Özler, Hayrettin, and Alim Yılmaz and Didem Geylani. Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 30, no. 2 (Dec. 2021): 193-205. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


Harvard: Australian Style

Özler, H & Yılmaz, A & Geylani, D 2021, 'Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective', Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 193-205, viewed 9 Dec. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Özler, H. and Yılmaz, A. and Geylani, D. (2021) ‘Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective’, Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, 30(2), pp. 193-205. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112 (9 Dec. 2021).


MLA

Özler, Hayrettin, and Alim Yılmaz and Didem Geylani. Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 30, no. 2, 2021, pp. 193-205. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


Vancouver

Özler H, Yılmaz A, Geylani D. Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences [Internet]. 9 Dec. 2021 [cited 9 Dec. 2021];30(2):193-205. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112 doi: 10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112


ISNAD

Özler, Hayrettin - Yılmaz, Alim - Geylani, Didem. Changing the Turkish Constitution: An Institutionalist and Collective Action Perspective”. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 30/2 (Dec. 2021): 193-205. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2021.30.984112



TIMELINE


Submitted18.08.2021
Accepted11.10.2021
Published Online31.10.2021

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.