Research Article


DOI :10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558   IUP :10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558    Full Text (PDF)

Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey

Mustafa Bölükbaşı

The main aim of this research is to combine theoretical approaches to party institutionalization with empirical operationalization. This study provides a systematic operationalization of the concept of party institutionalization using different indicators in the case of Turkish democracy. Although there has been extensive literature on the Turkish party system, there has been little discussion on party institutionalization in Turkey. The main weakness of most research is the failure to address how to quantify and measure party institutionalization. To overcome this problem, this paper offers the Party Institutionalization Index (PII). The PII is produced by the systematic operationalization of four dimensions of party institutionalization: stability, systemness, reification, and rootedness. The research shows that a political party may have significantly different scores in each dimension. This study argues that political parties with higher membership strength, geographically large-scale units, higher chronological age, more leadership changes, lower electoral volatility, and greater electoral success will become more institutionalized and survive longer. The results indicate that the CHP is the most institutionalized party in Turkey. This study also shows that political parties in Turkey, except for the HDP, display a relatively high level of institutionalization. 

DOI :10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558   IUP :10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558    Full Text (PDF)

Türkiye’de Parti Kurumsallaşma Düzeyinin Ölçülmesi

Mustafa Bölükbaşı

Bu araştırmanın temel amacı, parti kurumsallaşmasına yönelik kuramsal yaklaşımları, ampirik operasyonelleştirmeyle bir araya getirmektir. Bu çalışma, Türkiye demokrasisi örneğinde, farklı göstergeler kullanarak parti kurumsallaşması kavramının sistematik bir operasyonelleştirmesini sunmaktadır. Türk parti sistemi hakkında oldukça geniş bir literatür bulunmasına rağmen, Türkiye’de parti kurumsallaşması hakkında çok az tartışma yapılmıştır. Çoğu araştırmanın en zayıf noktası, parti kurumsallaşmasının nasıl ölçüleceği sorusuna yeterli bir cevap verememesidir. Bu sorunun üstesinden gelebilmek için, bu makale Parti Kurumsallaşma Endeksi’ni (PII) önermektedir. PII, parti kurumsallaşmasının dört boyutunun sistematik olarak operasyonelleştirilmesiyle elde edilmektedir: istikrar, sistemlilik, somutlaştırma ve kökleşme. Bu araştırma, bir siyasi partinin her bir boyutta önemli ölçüde farklı puanlara sahip olabileceğini göstermektedir. Bu çalışma, daha yüksek üyelik gücüne, coğrafi olarak yaygın büyük ölçekli örgütlere, daha yüksek kronolojik yaşa, daha fazla sayıda lider değişimine, daha düşük düzeyde seçim oynaklığına ve daha büyük seçim başarısına sahip siyasi partilerin daha fazla kurumsallaşacağını ve daha uzun süre varlığını sürdüreceğini öne sürmektedir. Bu araştırmanın bulguları, kurumsallaşma düzeyi en yüksek olan partinin CHP olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu çalışma aynı zamanda HDP dışındaki siyasi partilerin görece yüksek düzeyde kurumsallaşma sergilediğine işaret etmektedir.


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APA

Bölükbaşı, M. (2022). Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, 31(2), 305-321. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


AMA

Bölükbaşı M. Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences. 2022;31(2):305-321. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


ABNT

Bölükbaşı, M. Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, [Publisher Location], v. 31, n. 2, p. 305-321, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Bölükbaşı, Mustafa,. 2022. “Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 31, no. 2: 305-321. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


Chicago: Humanities Style

Bölükbaşı, Mustafa,. Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 31, no. 2 (Feb. 2024): 305-321. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


Harvard: Australian Style

Bölükbaşı, M 2022, 'Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey', Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 305-321, viewed 24 Feb. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Bölükbaşı, M. (2022) ‘Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey’, Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, 31(2), pp. 305-321. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558 (24 Feb. 2024).


MLA

Bölükbaşı, Mustafa,. Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey.” Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 31, no. 2, 2022, pp. 305-321. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


Vancouver

Bölükbaşı M. Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences [Internet]. 24 Feb. 2024 [cited 24 Feb. 2024];31(2):305-321. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558 doi: 10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558


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Bölükbaşı, Mustafa. Measuring the Level of Party Institutionalization in Turkey”. Siyasal: Journal of Political Sciences 31/2 (Feb. 2024): 305-321. https://doi.org/10.26650/siyasal.2022.31.1100558



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Submitted08.04.2022
Accepted30.09.2022
Published Online13.10.2022

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