Research Article


THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE

Blagovesta Ivanova

The aim of the paper is to provide a general overview of the Bulgarian St Stephan steel church standing at the Golden Horn in Istanbul, and to reveal its history of over 100 years. The article describes the different stages of construction of the architectural complex during the historical development of Istanbul in the Ottoman Empire. Those stages are generally characterized as wooden, masonry and steel. Herein, we discuss a church complex because there used to be the idea for adjoining buildings of a convent/presbytery and a school to be built. Architectural analogues of 19th century iron structures across the world are presented and compared. Main conclusion is that St Stephan Church, as an architectural edifice, claims its place on the borderline between historicism and the innovative trends of the new form-formation. 

Doğu ve Batı Arasında Yer Alan Haliç’te Bir Bulgar, Mimari Yerleşkesi. Balkanlar ve Güney-Doğu Avrupada’ki Tek Demir Kilise

Blagovesta Ivanova

Bu çalışmanın amacı İstanbul, Haliç’te bulunan Bulgar St. Stephan Demir Kilisesi’ne ve 120 yıllık tarihine genel bir bakış sunmaktır. Makale, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu ve İstanbul’un tarihsel gelişimi içinde bu mimari kompleksin farklı yapım aşamalarını tanıtmaktadır. Bu aşamalar genellikle ahşap, taş ve demir ile özdeşleşmiştir. Bir kilise kompleksinden söz etmekteyiz zira farklı aşamaların gelişimi esnasında bitişik yapı olarak bir manastır ve okula ait fikirler mevcuttur. 19. yüzyılda dünyadaki demir yapıların mimari örnekleri incelenmiş ve karşılaştırılmıştır. Sonuç olarak mimari bir yapı olan St. Stephan Kilisesi tarihsellik ve yeni biçim oluşturma akımı arasındaki sınırda yerini almıştır. 


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APA

Ivanova, B. (2017). THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE. The Journal of Southeastern European Studies, 0(32), 11-31. https://doi.org/null


AMA

Ivanova B. THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE. The Journal of Southeastern European Studies. 2017;0(32):11-31. https://doi.org/null


ABNT

Ivanova, B. THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE. The Journal of Southeastern European Studies, [Publisher Location], v. 0, n. 32, p. 11-31, 2017.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Ivanova, Blagovesta,. 2017. “THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE.” The Journal of Southeastern European Studies 0, no. 32: 11-31. https://doi.org/null


Chicago: Humanities Style

Ivanova, Blagovesta,. THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE.” The Journal of Southeastern European Studies 0, no. 32 (Jun. 2022): 11-31. https://doi.org/null


Harvard: Australian Style

Ivanova, B 2017, 'THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE', The Journal of Southeastern European Studies, vol. 0, no. 32, pp. 11-31, viewed 30 Jun. 2022, https://doi.org/null


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Ivanova, B. (2017) ‘THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE’, The Journal of Southeastern European Studies, 0(32), pp. 11-31. https://doi.org/null (30 Jun. 2022).


MLA

Ivanova, Blagovesta,. THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE.” The Journal of Southeastern European Studies, vol. 0, no. 32, 2017, pp. 11-31. [Database Container], https://doi.org/null


Vancouver

Ivanova B. THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE. The Journal of Southeastern European Studies [Internet]. 30 Jun. 2022 [cited 30 Jun. 2022];0(32):11-31. Available from: https://doi.org/null doi: null


ISNAD

Ivanova, Blagovesta. THE BULGARIAN ARCHITECTURAL COMPLEX AT THE GOLDEN HORN BETWEEN EAST AND WEST. THE ONLY STEEL CHURCH ON THE BALKANS AND IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE”. The Journal of Southeastern European Studies 0/32 (Jun. 2022): 11-31. https://doi.org/null



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Published Online31.12.2017

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