Research Article


DOI :10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034   IUP :10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034    Full Text (PDF)

How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?

Jonathan Gomez PunzonRicardo Pastor

We are facing a most unexpected situation in the travel & tourism industry. In this research, we want to check from an empirical perspective, the suitability and perspectives of different policies implemented among different governments, private companies, and stakeholders, who are thinking about useful policies to strengthen destinations. Countries all over the world have adopted a wide range of economic and social measures to respond to the crisis, in many cases supported by international and regional institutions. A closer look at some concrete measures adopted across the top-3-Europeandestinations, Spain, Italy, and France, (World Tourism Organization, 2020), will demonstrate the achieved effectiveness, and the suitability to be implemented and replicated in more territories.


PDF View

References

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Punzon, J.G., & Pastor, R. (2020). How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?. Journal of Tourismology, 6(2), 241-248. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


AMA

Punzon J G, Pastor R. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?. Journal of Tourismology. 2020;6(2):241-248. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


ABNT

Punzon, J.G.; Pastor, R. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?. Journal of Tourismology, [Publisher Location], v. 6, n. 2, p. 241-248, 2020.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Punzon, Jonathan Gomez, and Ricardo Pastor. 2020. “How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?.” Journal of Tourismology 6, no. 2: 241-248. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


Chicago: Humanities Style

Punzon, Jonathan Gomez, and Ricardo Pastor. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?.” Journal of Tourismology 6, no. 2 (Feb. 2021): 241-248. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


Harvard: Australian Style

Punzon, JG & Pastor, R 2020, 'How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?', Journal of Tourismology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 241-248, viewed 24 Feb. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Punzon, J.G. and Pastor, R. (2020) ‘How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?’, Journal of Tourismology, 6(2), pp. 241-248. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 (24 Feb. 2021).


MLA

Punzon, Jonathan Gomez, and Ricardo Pastor. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?.” Journal of Tourismology, vol. 6, no. 2, 2020, pp. 241-248. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


Vancouver

Punzon JG, Pastor R. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?. Journal of Tourismology [Internet]. 24 Feb. 2021 [cited 24 Feb. 2021];6(2):241-248. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034


ISNAD

Punzon, JonathanGomez - Pastor, Ricardo. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and RestartingTourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?”. Journal of Tourismology 6/2 (Feb. 2021): 241-248. https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034



TIMELINE


Submitted17.08.2020
Accepted16.09.2020
Published Online20.11.2020

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.