Research Article


DOI :10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557   IUP :10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557    Full Text (PDF)

A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports

Umur Bucak

Maritime transportation is responsible for a considerable extent of the world’s total air emissions. For this reason, IMO regulations have started to control emissions coming from ships. Especially in the wake of IMO 2020 rules first being applied, ship owners pay much more attention to emissions released. In contrast, the regulations do not involve the other actors within maritime transportation, so for instance, ports have not focused significantly on emissions while operating. However, emissions produced by port operations have directly threatened human health due to the ports’ proximity to cities. Recently, various acts were created to mitigate these emissions. Although these acts were beneficial, strategies to alleviate emissions from shipping should be stricter to achieve the United Nations’ 2030 and 2050 targets for emission reduction. In this study, strategies to reduce air emissions produced by ports were identified, categorized, and prioritized. Strategies to prevent both in-port and hinterland emissions were evaluated for the first time. The findings of the study (based on expert evaluations) were presented, and implications related to these findings were interpreted. Finally, some suggestions for further studies related to port emissions were proposed.


PDF View

References

  • Adamo, F., Andria, G., Cavone, G., De Capua, C., Lanzolla, A. M. L., Morello, R., & Spadavecchia, M. (2014). Estimation of ship emissions in the port of Taranto. Measurement, 47, 982-988. google scholar
  • Alamoush, A. S., Ballini, F., & Ölçer, A. I. (2020). Ports’ technical and operational measures to reduce greenhouse gas emission and improve energy efficiency: A review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 160, 111508. google scholar
  • Aregall, M. G., Bergqvist, R., & Monios, J. (2019). Port-driven measures for incentivizing sustainable hinterland transport. In Green Ports (pp. 193-210). Elsevier. google scholar
  • Aregall, M. G., Bergqvist, R., & Monios, J. (2018). A global review of the hinterland dimension of green port strategies. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 59, 23-34. google scholar
  • Balbaa, A., Swief, R. A., & El-Amary, N. H. (2019). Smart Integration Based on Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization Technique for Carbon Dioxide Emission Reduction in Eco-Ports. Sustainability, 11(8), 1-16. google scholar
  • Berechman, J., & Tseng, P. H. (2012). Estimating the environmental costs of port related emissions: The case of Kaohsiung. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 17(1), 35-38. google scholar
  • Bergqvist, R., 2015. Hinterland logistics and global supply chains. In: Song, D.-W., Panayides, P. (Eds.), Maritime Logistics - A Guide to Contemporary Shipping and Port Management, second ed., Kogan, pp. 67-88. google scholar
  • Buckley, J. J. (1985). Fuzzy hierarchical analysis. Fuzzy sets and systems, 17(3), 233-247. google scholar
  • Chang, D. Y. (1996). Applications of the extent analysis method on fuzzy AHP. European journal of operational research, 95(3), 649-655. google scholar
  • Chang, Y. T., Song, Y., & Roh, Y. (2013). Assessing greenhouse gas emissions from port vessel operations at the Port of Incheon. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 25, 1-4. google scholar
  • Demirel, H., Balin, A., Çelik, E., & Alarçin, F. (2018). A fuzzy AHP and ELECTRE method for selecting stabilizing device in ship industry. Brodogradnja: Teorija i praksa brodogradnje i pomorske tehnike, 69(3), 61-77. google scholar
  • Deniz, C., & Kilic, A. (2010). Estimation and assessment of shipping emissions in the region of Ambarlı Port, Turkey. Environmental progress & sustainable energy, 29(1), 107-115. google scholar
  • Gritsenko, D., & Yliskylâ-Peuralahti, J. (2013). Governing shipping externalities: Baltic ports in the process of SOx emission reduction. Maritime Studies, 12(1), 1-21. google scholar
  • Jiang, Y. P., & Fan, Z. P. (2002). A practical ranking method for reciprocal judgment matrix with triangular fuzzy numbers. Systems Engineering, 20(2), 89-92. google scholar
  • Jonathan, Y. C. E., & Kader, S. B. A. (2018). Prospect of Emission Reduction Standard for Sustainable Port Equipment Electrification. International Journal of Engineering, 31(8), 1347-1355. google scholar
  • Lâttilâ, L., Henttu, V., & Hilmola, O. P. (2013). Hinterland operations of seaports do matter: Dry port usage effects on transportation costs and CO2 emissions. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 55, 23-42. google scholar
  • Li, W., Hilmola, O. P., & Panova, Y. (2019). Container Sea Ports and Dry Ports: Future CO2 Emission Reduction Potential in China. Sustainability, 11(6), 1515. google scholar
  • Liu, P., Liu, C., Du, J., & Mu, D. (2019). A system dynamics model for emissions projection of hinterland transportation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 218, 591-600. google scholar
  • Liu, P., Wang, C., Xie, J., Mu, D., & Lim, M. K. (2021). Towards green port-hinterland transportation: Coordinating railway and road infrastructure in Shandong Province, China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 94, 102806. google scholar
  • Martmez-Moya, J., Vazquez-Paja, B., & Maldonado, J. A. G. (2019). Energy efficiency and CO2 emissions of port container terminal equipment: Evidence from the Port of Valencia. Energy Policy, 131, 312-319. google scholar
  • Mollaoğlu, M., Bucak, U., & Demirel, H. (2019). A Quantitative Analysis of the Factors That May Cause Occupational Accidents at Ports. Journal of ETA Maritime Science, 7(4), 294-303. google scholar
  • Norsworthy, M., & Craft, E. (2013). Emissions reduction analysis of voluntary clean truck programs at US ports. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 22, 23-27. google scholar
  • Saaty, T. L. The Analytic Hierarchy Process, McGrawHill, New York, 1980. google scholar
  • Sciberras, E. A., Zahawi, B., Atkinson, D. J., Juando, A., & Sarasquete, A. (2016). Cold ironing and onshore generation for airborne emission reductions in ports. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 230(1), 67-82. google scholar
  • Sifakis, N., & Tsoutsos, T. (2020). Planning zero-emissions ports through the nearly zero energy port concept. Journal of Cleaner Production, 125448. google scholar
  • Tao, X., & Wu, Q. (2021). Energy consumption and CO2 emissions in hinterland container transport. Journal of Cleaner Production, 279, 1-13. google scholar
  • Tao, X., Wu, Q., & Zhu, L. (2017). Mitigation potential of CO2 emissions from modal shift induced by subsidy in hinterland container transport. Energy Policy, 101, 265-273. google scholar
  • Tichavska, M., & Tovar, B. (2015). Environmental cost and eco-efficiency from vessel emissions in Las Palmas Port. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 83, 126-140. google scholar
  • Tichavska, M., Tovar, B., Gritsenko, D., Johansson, L., & Jalkanen, J. P. (2019). Air emissions from ships in port: Does regulation make a difference? Transport Policy, 75, 128-140. google scholar
  • Tzannatos, E. (2010). Cost assessment of ship emission reduction methods at berth: the case of the Port of Piraeus, Greece. Maritime Policy & Management, 37(4), 427-445. google scholar
  • Tzannatos, E. (2010). Ship emissions and their externalities for the port of Piraeus-Greece. Atmospheric Environment, 44(3), 400-407. google scholar
  • Van Laarhoven, P. J., & Pedrycz, W. (1983). A fuzzy extension of Saaty’s priority theory. Fuzzy sets and Systems, 11(1-3), 229-241. google scholar
  • Winnes, H., Styhre, L., & Fridell, E. (2015). Reducing GHG emissions from ships in port areas. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 17, 73-82. google scholar

Citations

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the options to export in your chosen format


EXPORT



APA

Bucak, U. (2022). A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports. Journal of Transportation and Logistics, 7(1), 83-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


AMA

Bucak U. A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports. Journal of Transportation and Logistics. 2022;7(1):83-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


ABNT

Bucak, U. A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports. Journal of Transportation and Logistics, [Publisher Location], v. 7, n. 1, p. 83-94, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Bucak, Umur,. 2022. “A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports.” Journal of Transportation and Logistics 7, no. 1: 83-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


Chicago: Humanities Style

Bucak, Umur,. A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports.” Journal of Transportation and Logistics 7, no. 1 (Jul. 2022): 83-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


Harvard: Australian Style

Bucak, U 2022, 'A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports', Journal of Transportation and Logistics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 83-94, viewed 4 Jul. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Bucak, U. (2022) ‘A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports’, Journal of Transportation and Logistics, 7(1), pp. 83-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557 (4 Jul. 2022).


MLA

Bucak, Umur,. A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports.” Journal of Transportation and Logistics, vol. 7, no. 1, 2022, pp. 83-94. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


Vancouver

Bucak U. A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports. Journal of Transportation and Logistics [Internet]. 4 Jul. 2022 [cited 4 Jul. 2022];7(1):83-94. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557 doi: 10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557


ISNAD

Bucak, Umur. A Priority Analysis on Emission Reduction Strategies in Foreland and Hinterland of Ports”. Journal of Transportation and Logistics 7/1 (Jul. 2022): 83-94. https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2022.1020557



TIMELINE


Submitted08.11.2021
Accepted18.01.2022
Published Online31.05.2022

LICENCE


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


SHARE




Istanbul University Press aims to contribute to the dissemination of ever growing scientific knowledge through publication of high quality scientific journals and books in accordance with the international publishing standards and ethics. Istanbul University Press follows an open access, non-commercial, scholarly publishing.