Research Article


DOI :10.26650/LITERA2019-0003   IUP :10.26650/LITERA2019-0003    Full Text (PDF)

Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within

John Hawley

This paper seeks to discuss recent sites of contestation of the implications one assigns to migration from Africa and the Middle East to Central and Western Europe. It will be predominantly Eurocentric in its data and analysis, dealing less with the motivations of the migrants and the second generation, and more with the various responses to that migration among Europeans (e.g., what are “they” doing to “us”). The major literary texts involved in the paper will be Michel Houellebecq’s Submission (2015), and Jenny Erpenbeck’s Go, Went, Gone (2015), with initial consideration of Jean Raspail’s The Camp of the Saints (1973). In these encounters, the overriding question is less “Who are these people,” than “Who are we in the face of these others?” Despite their varying motivations, they are texts that continue to define Europe by viewing it against the backdrop of the other. I will conclude with a reference to two projects that seek to engage viewers/readers vicariously in the lived experiences of particular Africans forced to flee their homes. Such empathy elicits an aggressively negative reaction among some Europeans, a white paranoia that foresees the extinction of a romantically imagined pure ethnically-based culture and recalls earlier campaigns with similarly violent results.


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APA

Hawley, J. (2019). Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within. Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, 29(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


AMA

Hawley J. Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within. Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies. 2019;29(1):1-18. https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


ABNT

Hawley, J. Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within. Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, [Publisher Location], v. 29, n. 1, p. 1-18, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Hawley, John,. 2019. “Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within.” Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies 29, no. 1: 1-18. https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


Chicago: Humanities Style

Hawley, John,. Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within.” Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies 29, no. 1 (Oct. 2022): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


Harvard: Australian Style

Hawley, J 2019, 'Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within', Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1-18, viewed 6 Oct. 2022, https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Hawley, J. (2019) ‘Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within’, Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, 29(1), pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003 (6 Oct. 2022).


MLA

Hawley, John,. Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within.” Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, vol. 29, no. 1, 2019, pp. 1-18. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


Vancouver

Hawley J. Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within. Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies [Internet]. 6 Oct. 2022 [cited 6 Oct. 2022];29(1):1-18. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003 doi: 10.26650/LITERA2019-0003


ISNAD

Hawley, John. Jean Raspail, Michel Houellebecq, and Jenny Erpenbeck: Acknowledging the Barbarian Within”. Litera: Journal of Language, Literature and Culture Studies 29/1 (Oct. 2022): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.26650/LITERA2019-0003



TIMELINE


Submitted22.01.2019
Accepted28.03.2019
Published Online01.06.2019

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