Research Article


DOI :10.26650/SP2019-0004   IUP :10.26650/SP2019-0004    Full Text (PDF)

The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands

Tülay TurgutZeynep OktuğZeynep Merve Ünal

The aim of this study is to investigate the moderating role of occupational humorous coping on the relationship between job demands and negative job-related affective well-being perception. Because of the increasing competition and difficult conditions, individuals encounter an increasingly complex working environment. In this context, every element that may cause a reduction in the employees’ negative feelings should be taken into consideration. The model of the study is established in light of the foresight that occupational humor can reduce the negative job-related affective well-being perception which is expected to increase depending on the job demands. Employees working in the education and health sectors in Turkey (N = 319) participated in the study. Hierarchical regression and simple slope analysis revealed that as the occupational humorous coping tendency increases, the positive relationship between job demands and negative job-related affective well-being perception decreases. Employees whose job demands are high and whose tendencies for occupational humorous coping are low, have higher negative job-related affective well-being perception levels than the employees whose job demands and whose tendencies for occupational humorous coping are high. The findings of the study showed that in terms of negative job-related affective well-being perception in the face of high job demands, the employees with a weak tendency for occupational humorous coping are at a disadvantage in comparison to the employees with a stronger tendency for occupational humorous coping. These findings put forward that occupational humorous coping is an important skill not only in terms of contributing positively to the health of the employee, but also in terms of meeting job demands.
DOI :10.26650/SP2019-0004   IUP :10.26650/SP2019-0004    Full Text (PDF)

Mizahın Gücü: Mizahın İş Talepleri Karşısında Olumsuz Duyuşsal İyi Oluş Algısını Azaltıcı Etkisi

Tülay TurgutZeynep OktuğZeynep Merve Ünal

Bu çalışmanın amacı, iş yerinde mizah yoluyla başa çıkma eğiliminin iş talepleri ile çalışanların işe ilişkin olumsuz duyuşsal iyi oluş algıları arasındaki ilişkideki biçimlendirici rolünü incelemektir. Artan rekabetin ve güçleşen iş koşullarının, bireyleri gün geçtikçe karmaşıklaşan bir çalışma ortamı ile karşı karşıya bıraktığı görülmektedir. Bu bağlamda, çalışanın olumsuz duygularında azalma sağlayabilecek her unsurun dikkatle incelenmesinin gerekliliği göz önüne alınmış ve iş taleplerindeki artışla birlikte çoğalacağı düşünülen işe ilişkin olumsuz duyuşsal iyi oluş algılarının mizah yoluyla azaltılabileceği öngörüsünden hareketle araştırmanın modeli oluşturulmuştur. Araştırmanın örneklemini Türkiye’nin farklı şehirlerinde eğitim ve sağlık sektörlerinde çalışmakta olan 319 katılımcı oluşturmuştur. Hiyerarşik regresyon ve basit eğim analizleri, iş yerinde mizah yoluyla başa çıkma eğilimi arttıkça iş talepleri ile olumsuz duyuşsal iyi oluş algısı arasındaki pozitif ilişkinin zayıfladığını ortaya koymuştur. İş talebi yüksek ve mizah yoluyla başa çıkma eğilimi düşük olan çalışanların, iş talebi yüksek ancak mizah yoluyla başa çıkma eğilimi yüksek olan çalışanlara nazaran, olumsuz duyuşsal iyi oluş algıları daha fazladır. Araştırma bulguları, mizah yoluyla başa çıkma eğilimi zayıf olan kişilerin, mizah yoluyla başa çıkma eğilimi güçlü olan kişilere nazaran yüksek iş talepleri karşısındaki olumsuz duyuşsal iyi oluş algıları açısından daha dezavantajlı durumda olabileceğini ortaya koymuştur. Bu bulgular, iş yerinde mizah yoluyla başa çıkma becerilerinin, yalnızca çalışanın sağlığına olumlu katkı sağlama açısından değil, iş taleplerinin karşılanması açısından da önem arz ettiğini göstermiştir.

EXTENDED ABSTRACT


In recent years, different methods for controlling the emotional effects caused by the demands in work place began to attract attention. The job demands-resources model is a functional model for assessing the well-being of the employee (Demerouti & Bakker, 2011). Schaufeli and Bakker (2004), pointed out that it should be more effective to decrease the job demands rather than to increase job resources. From this point of view, it is considered that it is important to prevent a negative job-related affective well-being perception in order to enhance the factors related to quality of work life. Humor is an important phenomenon that can have a positive effect on the individual’s perception of well-being. It may decrease the negative job-related affective well-being perception. Based on this idea, this study aims to investigate the moderating role of occupational humorous coping on the relationship between job demands and a negative perception job-related affective wellbeing.

Method

The sample of this research constitutes 319 employees from various cities of Turkey working in the education and health sectors. For measuring job demands, a scale (Xanthopoulou, Bakker, Demerouti, & Schaufeli, 2007) with four sub-scales including workload (4 items), emotional demands (6 items), emotional dissonance (5 items) and organizational changes (7 items); for measuring the negative job-related affective wellbeing perception, 10 items measuring negative job-related affective well-being perception of the Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (Van Katwyk, Fox, Spector, & Kelloway, 2000) and for measuring occupational humorous coping, the Occupational Humorous Coping Scale (23 items), which was developed by Doosje, De Goede, Van Doornen and Goldstein (2010), was used.

Results

For testing the hypotheses, hierarchical regression and simple slope analyses were conducted. According to the hierarchical regression results, in the first model, job demands have a positive effect on the negative job-related affective well-being perception (B = 0.45, SH = 0.06; R2 = .19, p < .001). In the second model, when occupational humorous coping was added to the equation, the explanatory strength of the model increased (ΔR2 = .18, p < .001) and it was revealed that occupational humorous coping has a negative effect on the negative job-related affective well-being perception (B = -0.44, SH = 0.05). In the third model, the interaction of job demands and occupational humorous coping has an effect (B = -0.15, SH = 0.05) on the negative job-related affective well-being perception (ΔR2 = .02, p < .001). Occupational humorous coping has a moderating effect on the relationship between job demands and the negative job-related affective well-being perception. Thereafter, simple slope analysis and a test for difference in simple slopes revealed that high occupational humorous coping weakens the positive relationship between job demands and the negative job-related affective well-being perception (for high occupational humorous coping: b = .24, t = 3.816, p < .001; for low occupational humorous coping: b = .41, t = 9.171, p < .001; for difference in simple slopes t(604) = 2.096, p < .05). According to this, as the occupational humorous coping tendency increases, the positive relationship between job demands and the negative job-related affective well-being perception decreases. 

Discussion

The results of this study showed that employees who have a low ability of occupational humorous coping are at a disadvantage when compared to employees who have a high ability of occupational humorous coping in the context of a negative job-related affective well-being perception against job demands. According to this, it can be said that the occupational humorous coping skills are not only important for the health of employees, but also important for responding to job demands. People are more sensitive to negative stimuli than to positive stimuli (Garcia, Rosenberg, Erlandsson, & Siddiqui, 2010), and the increase in negative feelings in the workplace lead to increasing counterproductive behavior (Fox, Spector, & Miles, 2001). In this context, this study examined the negative jobrelated affective well-being perception. Turkey is a high power distance country (Kabasakal & Dastmalchian, 2001), which means that the status differences in organizations are important. It is thought that high power distance can be a restrictive factor for using humor in the workplace. From this point of view, there can be a greater need for an encouraging organizational climate. The negative and positive affective well-being perceptions can be examined separately. The decrease in negative affective well-being perception does not mean an increase in positive affective well-being perception. Therefore, in future studies, it will be useful to examine the positive job-related affective well-being perception in relation to job demands and also the effects of occupational humorous coping in the context of these relationships.


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APA

Turgut, T., Oktuğ, Z., & Ünal, Z. (2019). The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands. Studies in Psychology, 39(2), 267-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004


AMA

Turgut T, Oktuğ Z, Ünal Z. The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands. Studies in Psychology. 2019;39(2):267-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004


ABNT

Turgut, T.; Oktuğ, Z.; Ünal, Z. The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands. Studies in Psychology, [Publisher Location], v. 39, n. 2, p. 267-291, 2019.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Turgut, Tülay, and Zeynep Oktuğ and Zeynep Merve Ünal. 2019. “The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands.” Studies in Psychology 39, no. 2: 267-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004


Chicago: Humanities Style

Turgut, Tülay, and Zeynep Oktuğ and Zeynep Merve Ünal. The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands.” Studies in Psychology 39, no. 2 (Sep. 2021): 267-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004


Harvard: Australian Style

Turgut, T & Oktuğ, Z & Ünal, Z 2019, 'The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands', Studies in Psychology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 267-291, viewed 24 Sep. 2021, https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Turgut, T. and Oktuğ, Z. and Ünal, Z. (2019) ‘The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands’, Studies in Psychology, 39(2), pp. 267-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004 (24 Sep. 2021).


MLA

Turgut, Tülay, and Zeynep Oktuğ and Zeynep Merve Ünal. The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands.” Studies in Psychology, vol. 39, no. 2, 2019, pp. 267-291. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004


Vancouver

Turgut T, Oktuğ Z, Ünal Z. The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands. Studies in Psychology [Internet]. 24 Sep. 2021 [cited 24 Sep. 2021];39(2):267-291. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004 doi: 10.26650/SP2019-0004


ISNAD

Turgut, Tülay - Oktuğ, Zeynep - Ünal, Zeynep Merve. The Power of Humor: Its Buffering Effect on Negative Job-related Affective Well-being against Job Demands”. Studies in Psychology 39/2 (Sep. 2021): 267-291. https://doi.org/10.26650/SP2019-0004



TIMELINE


Submitted11.01.2019
First Revision23.03.2019
Last Revision10.07.2019
Accepted19.07.2019
Published Online18.10.2019

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