Studies in Psychology – Psikoloji Çalışmaları is an open access, peer-reviewed, scholarly, international journal published triannually in April, August and December . It has been an official publication of by Istanbul University, Faculty of Letters, Department of Pscyhology since 1956.The journal is covered in Web of Science - Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM TR Index and Türk Psikiyatri Dizini (Turkish Psychiatry Index). The manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal must be scientific and original work in Turkish or English.

Studies in Psychology publishes qualitative and/or quantitave empirical research articles regarding pscyhology and its sub fields. It covers theoretical, metodological and review articles and book reviews as well. It welcomes inter disciplinary articles combining pscyhology with different fields such as sociology, psychiatry, geriatry, education, business, occupational health, communication, political sciences etc. The target group of the journal consists of academicians, researchers, professionals, students, related professional and academic bodies and institutions.

All expenses of the journal are covered by the Istanbul University. Processing and publication are free of charge with the journal. There is no article processing charges or submission fees for any submitted or accepted articles.
Editor-in-Chief
Assoc. Prof. İlknur Özalp Türetgen, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Co-Editor-in-Chief
Res. Assist. Nermin Taşkale, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Managing Editor
Res. Assist. Esin Temeloğlu Şen, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Editorial Management Board Member
Prof. Sevim Cesur, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. İlknur Özalp Türetgen, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Sema Karakelle, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Res. Assist. Esin Temeloğlu Şen, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Arsun Uras Yılmaz, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Section Editor
Prof. Sevim Cesur, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Sema Karakelle, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Hanife Özlem Sertel Berk, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Nuran Aydemir, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assist. Prof. Göklem Tekdemir, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assist. Prof. Hayriye Güleç, Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, Bursa, Turkey

Language Editor
Lecturer Elizabeth Mary Earl, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Lecturer Alan James Newson, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Statistics Editor
Res. Assist. Nermin Taşkale, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Editorial Assistant
Res. Assist. Gül Deniz Derin, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Res. Assist. Canan Çelikadam, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey

Editorial Board Member
Prof. Tevfik Alıcı, Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi, Bursa, Turkey
Prof. Nuran Aydemir, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assist. Prof. Gökçe Başbuğ, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea,-South
Assoc. Prof. Mahmut Bayazıt, Sabancı Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Charissa Cheah, University of Maryland, College-Park, United-States
Prof. Sevim Cesur, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Anastasia Efklides, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Prof. Ulaş Başar Gezgin, Duy Tan University, Danang, Vietnam
Assoc. Prof. Sema Karakelle, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Aylin Küntay, Koç Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Gökhan Malkoç, İstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Ian Parker, University of Leicester, Leicester, United-Kingdom
Assoc. Prof. Hanife Özlem Sertel Berk, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Emma Sorbring, Högskolan Vast, Trollhattan, Sweden
Prof. Diane Sunar, İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Assist. Prof. Göklem Tekdemir, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Şeyda Türk Smith, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Pınar Ünsal, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Orkun Yetkili, University of Westminster, London, United-Kingdom

Studies in Pscyhology-Psikoloji Çalışmaları is an open access, peer-reviewed, scholarly, international journal published triannually in April, August and December. It has been an official publication of by Istanbul University, Faculty of Letters, Department of Pscyhology since 1956. The manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal must be scientific and original work in Turkish or English.

Studies in Pscyhology-Psikoloji Çalışmaları aims to be a platform that enables knowledge generated within the fundamental and applied fields of psychology support each other. Within this frame, it welcomes both research articles from all sub fields of psychology and inter disciplinary studies covering fields such as cognitive sciences, neurology, genetics, psychiatry, geriatry, educationinal sciences, communication sciences and antropology.

The target group of the journal consists of academicians, researchers, professionals, students, related professional and academic bodies and institutions.

  • Web of Science - Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM TR Index
  • Türk Psikiyatri Dizini



The journal is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and pays regard to Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) on https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing

The subjects covered in the manuscripts submitted to the Journal for publication must be in accordance with the aim and scope of the Journal. Only those manuscripts approved by every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Changing the name of an author (omission, addition or order) in papers submitted to the Journal requires written permission of all declared authors.

Plagiarism, duplication, fraud authorship/denied authorship, research/data fabrication, salami slicing/salami publication, breaching of copyrights, prevailing conflict of interest are unethical behaviors. All manuscripts not in accordance with the accepted ethical standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication.

Plagiarism
Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. If plagiarism/self-plagiarism will be found authors will be informed. Editors may resubmit manuscript for similarity check at any peer-review or production stage if required. High similarity scores may lead to rejection of a manuscript before and even after acceptance. Depending on the type of article and the percentage of similarity score taken from each article, the overall similarity score is generally expected to be less than 15 or 20%.

Double Blind Peer-Review
After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by the editors-in-chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope. The editor provides a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles and hands over the papers matching the formal rules to at least two national/international referees for evaluation and gives green light for publication upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees’ claims.

The journal is an open access journal and all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Except for commercial purposes, users are allowed to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

The open access articles in the journal are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.

All expenses of the journal are covered by the Istanbul University. Processing and publication are free of charge with the journal. There is no article processing charges or submission fees for any submitted or accepted articles.

Authors publishing with the journal retain the copyright to their work licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/  ) and grant the Publisher non-exclusive commercial right to publish the work. CC BY-NC 4.0 license permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Studies in Pscyhology - Psikoloji Çalışmaları is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and pays regard to Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) on https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two referees under double-blind peer review process. Plagiarism, duplication, fraud authorship/denied authorship, research/data fabrication, salami slicing/salami publication, breaching of copyrights, prevailing conflict of interest are unethical behaviors.

All manuscripts not in accordance with the accepted ethical standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.

Additionally, Ethics Codes of Turkish Psychological Association is taken into consideration. Authors who are members of Turkish Psychological Association are accountable to the Ethical Committee of Turkish Psychological Association.

Studies in Pscyhology - Psikoloji Çalışmaları adheres to the highest standards in research ethics and follows the principles of international research ethics as defined below. The authors are responsible for the compliance of the manuscripts with the ethical rules.

  • Principles of integrity, quality and ransparency should be sustained in designing the research, reviewing the design and conducting the research.
  • The research team and participants should be fully informed about the aim, methods, possible uses and requirements of the research and risks of participation in research.
  • The confidentiality of the information provided by the research participants and the confidentiality of the respondents should be ensured. The research should be designed to protect the autonomy and dignity of the participants.
  • Research participants should participate in the research voluntarily, not under any coercion.
  • Any possible harm to participants must be avoided. The research should be planned in such a way that the participants are not at risk.
  • The independence of research must be clear; and any conflict of interest or must be disclosed.
  • In experimental studies with human subjects, written informed consent of the participants who decide to participate in the research must be obtained. In the case of children and those under wardship or with confirmed insanity, legal custodian’s assent must be obtained.
  • If the study is to be carried out in any institution or organization, approval must be obtained from this institution or organization.
  • In studies with human subject, it must be noted in the method’s section of the manuscript that the informed consent of the participants and ethics committee approval from the institution where the study has been conducted have been obtained.

It is authors’ responsibility to ensure that the manuscript is in accordance with scientific and ethical standards and rules. Submitting their manuscripts, authors are deemed to ensure that submitted work is original and certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere, in any language.

Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) must be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement. It is authors’ responsibility to get necessary permissions. Applicable copyright laws and conventions must be followed.

The author(s) of the original research articles is defined as a person who is significantly involved in “conceptualization and design of the study”, “collecting the data”, “analyzing the data”, “writing the manuscript”, “reviewing the manuscript with a critical perspective” and “planning/conducting the study of the manuscript and/or revising it”. All the authors of a submitted manuscript must have direct scientific and academic contribution to the manuscript. The author(s) must meet all these criteria described above.

Fund raising, data collection or supervision of the research group are not sufficient roles to be accepted as an author. The individuals who do not meet the authorship criteria but contributed to the study must take place in the acknowledgement section. Individuals providing technical support, assisting writing, providing a general support, providing material or financial support are examples to be indicated in acknowledgement section.

The order of names in the author list of an article must be a co-decision and it must be indicated in the signed Copyright Agreement Form. If not indicated, alphabetical order according to surnames is used. All authors must disclose all issues concerning financial relationship and conflict of interest that may potentially influence the results of the research or scientific judgment.

Author(s) are to take into consideration the required revisions in accordance with the review reports sent by the editor. Author(s) must send the rearranged article to the editor togather with the list of done/undone revisions writing the reasons.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published paper, it is the author’s obligation to promptly cooperate with the Editor-in-Chief to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

Editors evaluate manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to all kinds of discrimination and prejudice. They are responsible for providing a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication.

Editor(s) ensures that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing. Editor(s) is obliged to keep the unaccepted manuscripts, the decisions about the manuscripts and the reports providing the basis for the decisions, confidential, and not to disclose to anybody, except the board members of Studies in Psychology, these information.

Editor(s) has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal. Editor(s) does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, and reviewers.

In case that the manuscript is in line with the general scientific and formal principles, editor(s) presents the submitted manuscript to at least two national and/or international reviewers. If the reviewers have conflict of judgement, the editor(s) assigns a third reviewer. Editor(s) accepts the manuscript for publication after author(s) does the revisions considered necessary by the reviewers. In case that there is conflict between the revisions suggested by the reviewers, the editor(s) carries the authority to make the final decision taking into consideration the reasoned explanations of the authors.

Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to all kinds of discrimination and prejudice. They must reach an objective judgment as a result of their reviews and justify it. They must be careful that their reports include constructive criticism and review for authors.

They must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the Editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The reviewers cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons.The reviewers are not allowed to have copies of the manuscripts for personal use and they cannot share manuscripts with others without permission of the editor.

Unless the authors and editor permit, the reviews of referees cannot be published or disclosed.

In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point. The anonymity of the referees is important.

Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by editor-in-chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope.

The editor hands over the papers matching the formal rules to at least two national/international referees for double-blind peer review evaluation and gives green light for publication upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees’ claims.

Editors evaluate manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to all kinds of discrimination and prejudice. They are responsible for providing a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication.

Editor(s) ensures that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing. Editor(s) is obliged to keep the unaccepted manuscripts, the decisions about the manuscripts and the reports providing the basis for the decisions, confidential, and not to disclose to anybody, except the board members of Studies in Psychology, these information.

Editor(s) has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal. Editor(s) does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, and reviewers.

In case that the manuscript is in line with the general scientific and formal principles, editor(s) presents the submitted manuscript to at least two national and/or international reviewers. If the reviewers have conflict of judgement, the editor(s) assigns a third reviewer. Editor(s) accepts the manuscript for publication after author(s) does the revisions considered necessary by the reviewers. In case that there is conflict between the revisions suggested by the reviewers, the editor(s) carries the authority to make the final decision taking into consideration the reasoned explanations of the authors.

Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to all kinds of discrimination and prejudice. They must reach an objective judgment as a result of their reviews and justify it. They must be careful that their reports include constructive criticism and review for authors.

They must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the Editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The reviewers cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons.The reviewers are not allowed to have copies of the manuscripts for personal use and they cannot share manuscripts with others without permission of the editor.

Unless the authors and editor permit, the reviews of referees cannot be published or disclosed.

In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point. The anonymity of the referees is important.

Only those manuscripts approved by its every individual author and that were not published before in or sent to another journal, are accepted for evaluation.

Submitted manuscripts that pass preliminary control are scanned for plagiarism using iThenticate software. After plagiarism check, the eligible ones are evaluated by Editor-in-Chief for their originality, methodology, the importance of the subject covered and compliance with the journal scope.

Editor-in-Chief evaluates manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors and ensures a fair double-blind peer review of the selected manuscripts.

The selected manuscripts are sent to at least two national/international referees for evaluation and publication decision is given by Editor-in-Chief upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees’ claims.

Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in the Journal.

Reviewers’ judgments must be objective. Reviewers’ comments on the following aspects are expected while conducting the review.

- Does the manuscript contain new and significant information?

- Does the abstract clearly and accurately describe the content of the manuscript?

- Is the problem significant and concisely stated?

- Are the methods described comprehensively?

- Are the interpretations and consclusions justified by the results?

- Is adequate references made to other Works in the field?

- Is the language acceptable?

Reviewers must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author’s side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The anonymity of the referees is important.

Manuscpript is to be submitted online via https://iupress.istanbul.edu.tr/en/journal/sp/home and it must be accompanied by a cover letter indicating that the manuscript is intended for publication, specifying the article category (i.e. research article, review etc.) and including information about the manuscript (see the Submission Checklist). In addition, Copyright Agreement Form that has to be signed by all authors must be submitted.

1.    The author who submitted the manuscript online becomes the corresponding author for the evaluation and publication process.

2.    MS Office Word in either .doc or .docx file formats should be used for the manuscript preparation. Entire manuscript should be A4 paper sized with 3 cm page margins, 12 pt. Times New Roman and double spaced.

3.   Manuscript that does not include any author information should be prepared as follows:

3.1.    The first page should include a summary (250-300 words) and 3-6 keywords beneath it.

3.2.    The second page should be composed of the English translation of the abstract (250-300 words) and 3-6 keywords.

3.3.    The third page should include an extended abstract in English (650-850 words). Extended abstract in English is mandatory for the manuscripts in Turkish. It is not required for the manuscript is in English.

3.4.    The main text with title of the manuscript should start on the page following the abstracts/extended abstract. Running head, in parentheses, should be written under title.

3.5.    Research articles should be composed of introduction, method, results and discussion sections. It is not necessary to put “introduction” heading in introduction section.

3.6.    Review papers should include an introduction section framing the issue (without an “introduction” heading) and a discussion section.

3.7.    The author(s) may create additional sub/headings that they found useful. Letters or numbers must not be used for heading. APA Style 6th edition’s heading system should be utilized.

3.8.    The placement of tables and figures should be stated in main text with specific mention to its number (For instance, “Figure 3 should be placed here.”). Tables should be prepared in line with the APA 6th edition guideline.

3.9.    References section must start on a separate page following main text. References must be in line witht APA 6th editon guidelines and must be carefully checked. References must be ordered alphabetically by the author last names. Any reference in references section must have been mentioned in main text and any citation in main text must be mentioned in references section.

3.10.    Figures and tables, respectively, should be placed on separate pages following references section with any titles and explanations if it exists.

4.    Any text editing except MS Word auto-check must not be used throughout the manuscript preparation (especially automatic numbering must not be used).

5.    The final edition of the manuscript after peer-review process must be organized for publication as explained above. A title page having the fully descriptive title of the manuscript and, affiliation, title, e-mail address, postal address, phone and fax number of the author(s) must be added before abstract section. The note(s) of the author(s), such as aknowledgements, if any, should be added as a footnote as well. The resulting Word document should be directly sent to the editor-in-chief.

6.    The pre-publish confirmation copy that was sent from the publisher is shared with the corresponding author. It is requested to be checked by author(s) within the highlighted timespan. Any possible typesetting errors should be reported. This latest copy that was checked by the author(s) is published after the correction of typesetting errors, if any, following the final confirmation of the editorial team.

7.    Every academician who has studied in psychology or related fields may be a reviewer of the Studies in Psychology. You may send your academic CV to editor-in-chief (sp@istanbul.edu.tr) to apply to be a reviewer.

Before beginning the online submission process please read the Information for Authors and make sure you have the followings available:

Cover letter to the editor

    • The category of the manuscript
    • Confirming that “the paper is not under consideration for publication in another journal”.
    • Including disclosure of any commercial or financial involvement.
    • Confirming that the statistical design of the research article is reviewed.
    • Confirming that last control for fluent English was done.
    • Confirming that journal policies detailed in Information for Authors have been reviewed.
    • Confirming that the references cited in the text and listed in the references section are in line with APA 6.

Copyright Agreement Form

Permission of previous published material if used in the present manuscript

Title page

    • The category of the manuscript
    • The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
    • All authors’ names and affiliations (institution, faculty/department, city, country), e-mail addresses
    • Corresponding author’s email address, full postal address, telephone and fax number
    • ORCIDs of all authors.

Main Manuscript Document

    • The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
    • Abstracts (250-300 words) both in Turkish and in English
    • Key words: 3 to 6 words both in Turkish and in English
    • Extended Abstract (650-850 words) in English (only for Turkish articles)
    • Main article sections
    • Grant support (if exists)
    • Conflict of interest (if exists)
    • Acknowledgement (if exists)
    • References
    • All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

Manuscript Submission

  • DergiPark manuscript submission site of the journal is: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/journal/502/submission/step/manuscript/new
  • The manuscript must be submitted through the account of the corresponding author. The account of authors other than the corresponding author or someone else who is not included as an author in the work must not be used for submission. All correspondence regarding the submission is made with the corresponding author through e-mail via the DergiPark system.
  • While uploading Main Document, make sure that the main document has no information that clarify the author’s identity. Due to double blind peer review, Main Document must not include Title Page, the name of author or any other detail that can disclose the author identity.

Files to be uploaded separately

  • Copyright Agreement Form
  • Permissions obtained for previously published material if used in the present manuscript
  • Title page
  • Main Manuscript Document
    • The title of the manuscript both in Turkish and in English
    • Abstracts (250-300 words) both in Turkish and in English
    • Key words: 3 to 6 words both in Turkish and in English
    • Extended Abstract (650-850 words) in English (only for Turkish articles)
    • Main article sections
    • Grant support (if exists)
    • Conflict of interest (if exists)
    • Acknowledgement (if exists)
    • References
    • All tables, illustrations (figures) (including title, description, footnotes)

Reference Style and Format

Studies in Pscyhology- Psikoloji Çalışmaları complies with APA (American Psychological Association) style 6th Edition for referencing and quoting. For more information:

-    American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: APA.

-    http://www.apastyle.org

Citations in the Text

Citations must be indicated with the author surname and publication year within the parenthesis.

If more than one citation is made within the same paranthesis, separate them with (;).

Samples:

More than one citation;

(Esin et al., 2002; Karasar, 1995)

Citation with one author;

(Akyolcu, 2007)

Citation with two authors;

(Sayıner & Demirci, 2007)

Citation with three, four, five authors;

First citation in the text: (Ailen, Ciambrune, & Welch, 2000) Subsequent citations in the text: (Ailen et al., 2000)

Citations with more than six authors;

(Çavdar et al., 2003)

Citations in the Reference

All the citations done in the text should be listed in the References section in alphabetical order of author surname without numbering. Below given examples should be considered in citing the references.

Basic Reference Types

Book

a) Turkish Book

Karasar, N. (1995). Araştırmalarda rapor hazırlama (8th ed.) [Preparing research reports]. Ankara, Turkey: 3A Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd.

b) Book Translated into Turkish

Mucchielli, A. (1991). Zihniyetler [Mindsets] (A. Kotil, Trans.). İstanbul, Turkey: İletişim Yayınları.

c) Edited Book

Ören, T., Üney, T., & Çölkesen, R. (Eds.). (2006). Türkiye bilişim ansiklopedisi [Turkish Encyclopedia of Informatics]. İstanbul, Turkey: Papatya Yayıncılık.

d) Turkish Book with Multiple Authors

Tonta, Y., Bitirim, Y., & Sever, H. (2002). Türkçe arama motorlarında performans değerlendirme [Performance evaluation in Turkish search engines]. Ankara, Turkey: Total Bilişim.

e) Book in English

Kamien R., & Kamien A. (2014). Music: An appreciation. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

f) Chapter in an Edited Book

Bassett, C. (2006). Cultural studies and new media. In G. Hall & C. Birchall (Eds.), New cultural studies: Adventures in theory (pp. 220–237). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.

g) Chapter in an Edited Book in Turkish

Erkmen, T. (2012). Örgüt kültürü: Fonksiyonları, öğeleri, işletme yönetimi ve liderlikteki önemi [Organization culture: Its functions, elements and importance in leadership and business management]. In M. Zencirkıran (Ed.), Örgüt sosyolojisi [Organization sociology] (pp. 233–263). Bursa, Turkey: Dora Basım Yayın.

h) Book with the same organization as author and publisher

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American psychological association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Article

a) Turkish Article

Mutlu, B., & Savaşer, S. (2007). Çocuğu ameliyat sonrası yoğun bakımda olan ebeveynlerde stres nedenleri ve azaltma girişimleri [Source and intervention reduction of stress for parents whose children are in intensive care unit after surgery]. Istanbul University Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 15(60), 179–182.

b) English Article

de Cillia, R., Reisigl, M., & Wodak, R. (1999). The discursive construction of national identity. Discourse and Society, 10(2), 149–173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0957926599010002002

c) Journal Article with DOI and More Than Seven Authors

Lal, H., Cunningham, A. L., Godeaux, O., Chlibek, R., Diez-Domingo, J., Hwang, S.-J. ... Heineman, T. C. (2015). Efficacy of an adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine in older adults. New England Journal of Medicine, 372, 2087–2096. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1501184

d) Journal Article from Web, without DOI

Sidani, S. (2003). Enhancing the evaluation of nursing care effectiveness. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 35(3), 26-38. Retrieved from http://cjnr.mcgill.ca

e) Journal Article wih DOI

Turner, S. J. (2010). Website statistics 2.0: Using Google Analytics to measure library website effectiveness. Technical Services Quarterly, 27, 261–278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07317131003765910

f) Advance Online Publication

Smith, J. A. (2010). Citing advance online publication: A review. Journal of Psychology. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1037/a45d7867

g) Article in a Magazine

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28–31.

Doctoral Dissertation, Master’s Thesis, Presentation, Proceeding

a) Dissertation/Thesis from a Commercial Database

Van Brunt, D. (1997). Networked consumer health information systems (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 9943436)

b) Dissertation/Thesis from an Institutional Database

Yaylalı-Yıldız, B. (2014). University campuses as places of potential publicness: Exploring the politicals, social and cultural practices in Ege University (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Retrieved from: http://library.iyte.edu.tr/tr/hizli-erisim/iyte-tez-portali

c) Dissertation/Thesis from Web

Tonta, Y. A. (1992). An analysis of search failures in online library catalogs (Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley). Retrieved from http://yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~tonta/yayinlar /phd/ickapak.html

d) Dissertation/Thesis abstracted in Dissertations Abstracts International

Appelbaum, L. G. (2005). Three studies of human information processing: Texture amplifica­tion, motion representation, and figure-ground segregation. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B. Sciences and Engineering, 65(10), 5428.

e) Symposium Contribution

Krinsky-McHale, S. J., Zigman, W. B., & Silverman, W. (2012, August). Are neuropsychiatric symptoms markers of prodromal Alzheimer’s disease in adults with Down syndrome? In W. B. Zigman (Chair), Predictors of mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and mortality in adults with Down syndrome. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

f) Conference Paper Abstract Retrieved Online

Liu, S. (2005, May). Defending against business crises with the help of intelligent agent based early warning solutions. Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Miami, FL. Abstract retrieved from http://www.iceis.org/iceis2005/abstracts_2005.htm

g) Conference Paper - In Regularly Published Proceedings and Retrieved Online

Herculano-Houzel, S., Collins, C. E., Wong, P., Kaas, J. H., & Lent, R. (2008). The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 12593–12598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0805417105

h) Proceeding in Book Form

Parsons, O. A., Pryzwansky, W. B., Weinstein, D. J., & Wiens, A. N. (1995). Taxonomy for psychology. In J. N. Reich, H. Sands, & A. N. Wiens (Eds.), Education and training beyond the doctoral degree: Proceedings of the American Psychological Association National Conference on Postdoctoral Education and Training in Psychology (pp. 45–50). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

i) Paper Presentation

Nguyen, C. A. (2012, August). Humor and deception in advertising: When laughter may not be the best medicine. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.

Other Sources

a) Newspaper Article

Browne, R. (2010, March 21). This brainless patient is no dummy. Sydney Morning Herald, 45.

b) Newspaper Article with no Author

New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure.(1993, July 15). The Washington Post, p. A12.

c) Web Page/Blog Post

Bordwell, D. (2013, June 18). David Koepp: Making the world movie-sized [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://www.davidbordwell.net/blog/page/27/

d) Online Encyclopedia/Dictionary

Ignition. (1989). In Oxford English online dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from http://dictionary.oed.com

Marcoux, A. (2008). Business ethics. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-business/

e) Podcast

Dunning, B. (Producer). (2011, January 12). inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com/

f) Single Episode in a Television Series

Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to communicate. [Television series episode]. In D. Shore (Executive producer), House; New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.

g) Music

Fuchs, G. (2004). Light the menorah. On Eight nights of Hanukkah [CD]. Brick, NJ: Kid Kosher.

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ISSN1304-4680
E-ISSN2602-2982
PeriodTriannually

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41
20
133
133

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