An Epidemiological Analysis of Maxillofacial Fractures in the Inner Aegean Region: A Retrospective Evaluation of 343 CasesAnvar Ahmedov, Muhammet Fatih Topuz
Objective: The focus of this study was the sociocultural, economic, educational, and geographical factors that influence the incidence and types of fractures in maxillofacial trauma (MFT). The aim of this study was to identify the etiology and demographic characteristics of MFT cases in the inner (eastern) Aegean region. Materials and Methods: The records of patients treated at the Kütahya Health Sciences University Evliya Çelebi Education and Research Hospital for MFT from January 1, 2017 to March 1, 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 476 bone fractures in 343 patients were analyzed. The sample comprised 239 male patients and 104 female patients. The average age was 35.19±17.79 years. Traffic accidents were found to be the most common cause (42%) of MFT. Of the isolated non-nasal bone fractures, 19 were in the maxilla, 17 in the zygoma, 14 in the mandible, and 7 in the frontal sinus. Nasal fractures (42.6%) were found to be the most frequently occurring breakages. Surgery was performed in 35.27% of the patients who agreed to have surgery for MFT. Conclusion: The etiology and incidence of MFT can vary not only by country but also by geographical region within countries. The results of this study support this view. A review of the literature indicated that MFT in the inner (eastern) Aegean region in Turkey has not yet been studied. Societal differences must be considered in the recommendation of measures to reduce the incidence of MFT and thus morbidity and mortality.