1. İstanbul Uluslararası Coğrafya Kongresi Bildiri Kitabi
An investigation of the ecological characteristics of rare and endemic plant species by using GIS in Başkonuş Mountain (Kahramanmaraş)Sercan Bahçeci, Murat Karabulut
The mountainous areas form the mountain ecosystem which differs in many respects such as climate, vegetation and hydrology. Başkonuş Mountain, an extension of the Amanos Mountains, is one of the important plant areas of Turkey with its natural conditions and endemic plant taxons. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between geographical parameters and the distribution of rare and endemic taxons on Mount Başkonuş using Geographical Information Systems. In short, to illustrate the role of physical environment conditions in determining the living conditions and distributions of plant species in the study area. The methodological importance of the study is to emphasize the importance of ecological conditions for the distribution of rare and endemic taxons. The location information of rare and endemic plants was coordinated with the help of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software and a geographical data base was created for each taxon. The distribution of the locations of the 18 endemic taxa and 13 rare taxa from the 31 taxa distributed in the study area and the relationships between the main geographical parameters which have a great effect on the distribution were determined by spatial models Distribution of rare and endemic taxa according to various environmental parameters was determined by the database created for the study area. The ecological conditions, which vary in short distances depending on the topography, have been found to be effective in the diversity of the endemic taxa, and the distribution of rare and endemic taxa over 1000 m. It is thought that this study will contribute to planning and project studies for the protection of endangered and endemic plant species.