DOI :10.26650/PB/AA08.2023.002.007   IUP :10.26650/PB/AA08.2023.002.007    Tam Metin (PDF)

Semantical Study: An Innovative Methodical Approach for Teaching the History of Science

Fatima Saadatmand

This semantical evidence-based study into the history of science attempts to elucidate the lexical relationship among sources by establishing vast and detailed networks in order to discover the transition of associative meanings throughout history. The present research explains with a large variety of examples how this approach can enrich the field of source criticism in the case of lexical relationships. It leads historical sources into diagrams that depict the connections, gradual alterations, and etymology of technical terms in very rare cases. The study is conducted on two definite levels. In the first step, data is collected for pragmatic goals, extracting as many senses as possible and then classifying and producing a widespread semantic network after validating the findings. By placing data in that network as a next step, a timeline is automatically performed, which illustrates the arrivals of sources by anteriority in chronological order. With that insight, semantics as a motivational method in teaching the history of science is designed to help students think more clearly, discover subtle relations among various sources, and track/trace changes in order to find and affirm the original works. Moreover, it presents a general introduction to each topic through helpful classified contexts (in the form of a mind map), and makes it easy and accessible for students to obtain plenty of data by searching among senses and sources. It is worth noting that the method presented here can be applied at different levels of education depending on the diagram parameters as well as the network scales.


  • ʻAlī ibn Yūsuf Munšī. Lub al-ḥisāb. Manuscript no. 5213. The Central Library of the University of Tehran. google scholar
  • Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad. (1930). Kitāb Al-tafhīm li-awāʼil ṣināʻāt al-tanjīm. Jalāl al-Dīn Humāʼī. Tehrān: Vizārat-i Farhang. google scholar
  • Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad. (1934). Kitāb Al-tafhīm li-awāʼil ṣināʻāt al-tanjīm. R, Ramsay Wright. London: Luzac. google scholar
  • Brown, K., & Miller, J. (2013). The Cambridge Dictionary of Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. google scholar
  • Ḥassan ibn ʻAlī. al-Muršid. Manuscript no. 2154. The Library of the Iranian Parliament (Majlis Šawrā Islāmῑ). google scholar
  • Jurjānī, Abu al-Qāsim. Risāla fi al-ḥisāb. Manuscript no. 195. The Library of the Center for the Great Islamic Encyclopedia. google scholar
  • Saadatmand, Fatima. (2017). The Technical Terms of ‘Ilm al-ḥisāb in Persian Sources Until the 18th Century AD. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Institute for the history of science, University of Tehran. google scholar
  • Saeed, J. I. (1997). Semantics. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Publishers. google scholar
  • Šams al-dīn Xunjī. Šams al-ḥisāb. Manuscript Yah.Ar. n6. The National Library of Israel. google scholar
  • Šarīf Lāhījī, Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī. (2010). Laṭāyif al-ḥisāb: risālahʹī darbārah-ʼi sargarmīhā-yi riyāżī. Muḥammad Bāqirī. Tehrān: Markaz-i Pajūhišī-i Mīrāṯ-i Maktūb. google scholar
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad ibn Ayyūb. (1966). Šumārnāma. Taqī Bīniš. Tehrān: Bunyād Farhang-i Iran. google scholar


İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları, uluslararası yayıncılık standartları ve etiğine uygun olarak, yüksek kalitede bilimsel dergi ve kitapların yayınlanmasıyla giderek artan bilimsel bilginin yayılmasına katkıda bulunmayı amaçlamaktadır. İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları açık erişimli, ticari olmayan, bilimsel yayıncılığı takip etmektedir.