9. Milletlerarası Türkoloji̇ Kongresi̇ Bildiriler Kitabı
Some Questions of the History of the Huns in AzerbaijanBorbala Obrusanszky
The Huns played a decisive role in the ethnogenesis of many peoples living in the Eurasian steppe region, especially the Hungarians and the Turks. At the end of the 1st century, they started to move towards Europe via Central Asia and according to the latest research they reached the Caucasus at the end of the 1st century AD. The Huns left behind many artefacts and are also mentioned in contemporary historical sources. I did research in both Georgia and Azerbaijan in order to uncover their traces. Memorials of the Huns appeared in Georgia, especially along the Darial Pass, where typical Hun polychrome-style gold objects as well as the distorted skulls of nobles draw the path of the Huns. They lived in that region between the 2-3rd centuries AD. The northern and western regions of Azerbaijan were the main settlements of the Huns, however, archaeological excavations revealed that Huns also lived in the central part of the country, the so-called Mughan Steppe. Based on contemporary descriptions, it is probable that many Huns settled in the territory of modern Azerbaijan, and are referred to as Huns, Massages, and Sabirs. Particularly they may have settled in the northern part of the country, where some geographic names have preserved their tribal names (Sabirs, Khachmaz, etc.) The traces of the Hun culture can be found in some other places as well.