Contemporary Turkish – Russian Relations from Past to Future
Diplomatic Relations Between the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan Republic in Yeltsin’s Period: Problems and SolutionsDinçer Koç, Kürşat Yıldırım
The aim of this research is to analyse the interstate relations in the Post-Soviet period. The beginning of 1990’s was a turning point for the new states which were to appear after the collapse of the USSR. Regarding sovereignty and independence, different conditions occurred for the Soviet states. President Nursultan Nazarbaev’s dominance of Kazakhstan’s national security agenda offers a partial explanation for the cooperation, but somehow, he stayed as a prominanat leader in the post-Soviet era. Yeltsin’s period became crucial for Kazakhstan’s national and confessional identity. Democratic elections and a national growth plan for Kazakhstan became an important challenge for the economy, national policy and international relations. It was also challenging to create new forms of cooperation with ex-Soviet partners and European countries. During the process, the Russian Federation tried to influence Kazakh policy.