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DOI :10.26650/acin.1146097   IUP :10.26650/acin.1146097    Tam Metin (PDF)

Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması

Ayşe Berika Varol MalkoçoğluZeynep OrmanRüya Şamlı

Depremler, tahmin edilmesi en zor doğa olayları arasında yer almaktadır. Bu öngörülemeyen deprem-lerin ardından çoğu zaman can ve mal kayıpları meydana gelmektedir. Depremler önceden kesin olarak belirlenemese bile deprem bilimciler tarafından olası konumları ve büyüklükleri yaklaşık olarak tahmin edilebilmektedir. Ancak, bu depremlerin zamanı ve bırakacağı etkinin boyutu bilinme-mektedir. Eğer olası depremlerin etkileri önceden tahmin edilebilirse, arama kurtarma çalışmaları sırasında ekiplerin hızlı ve doğru kararlar alması sağlanabilir ve bu sayede özellikle can kayıplarının önüne geçilebilir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda depremlerle ilgili tahmin modelleri geliştirmek günümüzde oldukça yaygın ve hayati bir konudur. Bu çalışmada ise dünya genelinde gerçekleşmiş yerel büyük-lüğü Ml≥3 olan açık kaynaklı deprem verileri kullanılarak farklı Makine Öğrenmesi algoritmaları karşılaştırılmış ve en yüksek performansa sahip olan algoritma seçilerek çeşitli algoritmalar ile opti-mize edilmiştir. Modellerin performansı doğruluk, Ortalama Kare Hata, Kök-Ortalama Kare Hata, kesinlik, geri çağırma ve f1 puanı gibi farklı performans değerlendirme metrikleri kullanılarak karşı-laştırılmıştır. Sonuç olarak PSO algoritması ile optimize edilmiş ANN algoritmasının 0.82 oranında doğruluk değeri ile en başarılı sonucu ürettiği gözlemlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara bakıldığında bu modelin farklı deprem hasar tahmin çalışmalarında ve acil durum planlamasında yol gösterici olarak kullanılabileceği düşünülmektedir.

DOI :10.26650/acin.1146097   IUP :10.26650/acin.1146097    Tam Metin (PDF)

Comparison of Different Heuristics Integrated with Neural Networks: A Case Study for Earthquake Damage Estimation

Ayşe Berika Varol MalkoçoğluZeynep OrmanRüya Şamlı

Earthquakes are among the most challenging natural phenomena to predict. Most of these unpredictable earthquakes result in the loss of human lives and property. Seismologists can estimate the probable location and magnitude of such earthquakes. However, the actual time and extent of their impact remain unknown. If the effects of possible earthquakes can be predicted, quick and accurate decisions can be made. For this purpose, developing predictive models about earthquakes is a prevalent and vital issue in the literature. In this study, various Machine Learning (ML) algorithms were compared on a public dataset of earthquakes, which had occurred worldwide and had a local magnitude Ml ≥ 3, and the algorithm with the highest performance was selected and optimized with various other algorithms. The performances of the models were compared using different performance evaluation metrics such as accuracy, Mean Square Error, Root-Mean Square Error, precision, recall, and f1 score. As a result, it was observed that the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithm optimized with the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm produced the most successful result with an accuracy value of 0.82. Based on the obtained results, it is believed that this model can be used in different earthquake damage prediction studies and as a guide in emergency planning.


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APA

Varol Malkoçoğlu, A.B., Orman, Z., & Şamlı, R. (2022). Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması. Acta Infologica, 6(2), 265-281. https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097


AMA

Varol Malkoçoğlu A B, Orman Z, Şamlı R. Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması. Acta Infologica. 2022;6(2):265-281. https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097


ABNT

Varol Malkoçoğlu, A.B.; Orman, Z.; Şamlı, R. Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması. Acta Infologica, [Publisher Location], v. 6, n. 2, p. 265-281, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Varol Malkoçoğlu, Ayşe Berika, and Zeynep Orman and Rüya Şamlı. 2022. “Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması.” Acta Infologica 6, no. 2: 265-281. https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097


Chicago: Humanities Style

Varol Malkoçoğlu, Ayşe Berika, and Zeynep Orman and Rüya Şamlı. Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması.” Acta Infologica 6, no. 2 (Jul. 2024): 265-281. https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097


Harvard: Australian Style

Varol Malkoçoğlu, AB & Orman, Z & Şamlı, R 2022, 'Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması', Acta Infologica, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 265-281, viewed 20 Jul. 2024, https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Varol Malkoçoğlu, A.B. and Orman, Z. and Şamlı, R. (2022) ‘Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması’, Acta Infologica, 6(2), pp. 265-281. https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097 (20 Jul. 2024).


MLA

Varol Malkoçoğlu, Ayşe Berika, and Zeynep Orman and Rüya Şamlı. Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması.” Acta Infologica, vol. 6, no. 2, 2022, pp. 265-281. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097


Vancouver

Varol Malkoçoğlu AB, Orman Z, Şamlı R. Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması. Acta Infologica [Internet]. 20 Jul. 2024 [cited 20 Jul. 2024];6(2):265-281. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097 doi: 10.26650/acin.1146097


ISNAD

Varol Malkoçoğlu, AyşeBerika - Orman, Zeynep - Şamlı, Rüya. Yapay Sinir Ağı ile Entegre Farklı Sezgisel Yöntemlerin Karşılaştırılması: Deprem Hasar Tahmini için bir Vaka Çalışması”. Acta Infologica 6/2 (Jul. 2024): 265-281. https://doi.org/10.26650/acin.1146097



ZAMAN ÇİZELGESİ


Gönderim22.07.2022
İlk Revizyon25.11.2022
Son Revizyon19.12.2022
Kabul28.12.2022
Çevrimiçi Yayınlanma30.12.2022

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