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DOI :10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1113847   IUP :10.26650/EurJBiol.2022.1113847    Tam Metin (PDF)

Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses

Sidhant JainMeenakshi RanaPooja Jain

Viruses are the most abundant biological entities on our planet. On the basis of parameters like capsid structure, morphology, genetic material, etc., they are classified into different families. The Coronaviridae family of viruses includes a diverse group of positive strand RNA viruses and a subset of these viruses infects humans. Though some of these human-infecting coronaviruses cause minor respiratory ailments in healthy adults but three of them are responsible for major pandemics of the 21st century. These pandemics claimed thousands to several hundred thousands of human lives and have plunged the regional economies and even the global economy into an abyss. This work highlights the current research on human coronaviruses involving their diversity, evolution, clinical, and zoonotic attributes. An economic impact analysis of major coronaviruses is also presented to point out how these pathogens have claimed billions of dollars.

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Jain, S., Rana, M., & Jain, P. (2022). Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses. European Journal of Biology, 81(2), 206-216.


Jain S, Rana M, Jain P. Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses. European Journal of Biology. 2022;81(2):206-216.


Jain, S.; Rana, M.; Jain, P. Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses. European Journal of Biology, [Publisher Location], v. 81, n. 2, p. 206-216, 2022.

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Jain, Sidhant, and Meenakshi Rana and Pooja Jain. 2022. “Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses.” European Journal of Biology 81, no. 2: 206-216.

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Jain, Sidhant, and Meenakshi Rana and Pooja Jain. Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses.” European Journal of Biology 81, no. 2 (Sep. 2023): 206-216.

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Jain, S. and Rana, M. and Jain, P. (2022) ‘Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses’, European Journal of Biology, 81(2), pp. 206-216. (27 Sep. 2023).


Jain, Sidhant, and Meenakshi Rana and Pooja Jain. Emergence, Evolution and Economics of Coronaviruses.” European Journal of Biology, vol. 81, no. 2, 2022, pp. 206-216. [Database Container],


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