Araştırma Makalesi


DOI :10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569   IUP :10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569    Tam Metin (PDF)

Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital

Feyza Yıldız AytekinEmine Ela KüçükKürşad AytekinSelçuk Takır

Background and Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the COVID-19 awareness and anxiety levels of patients who visited the outpatient department in a hospital. Methods: A questionnaire for socio-demographic data and COVID-19 awareness, Beck Anxiety Scale (BAS), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) data were collected from patients who volunteered to participate in the study. Counts, percentages, independent groups t-test, and correlation analysis were used during statistical data analysis. Those patients who were over 18 years of age, literate, having no psychiatric disorder and from whom informed consent was obtained were included in the study. Patients younger than 18 years of age, patients who had psychiatric disorders, and illiterate patients were excluded. Results: The questionnaire form and scales were distributed to 254 patients, while 210 patients were included in the study. Therefore, the response rate from the patients was 82.7%. The mean age of the patients participating in this study was 44.41 years ±16.9 SD. The BAS scores of patients over 65 years of age were significantly higher than the patients at younger ages (p<0.001). The percentage of female patients was 42.6% (n=89) and that of males was 57.4% (n=120). Both the BAS scores (p<0.001) and HADS scores (p<0.01) of the female patients were significantly higher than those of the male patients. Conclusion: The BAS and HADS scores of females were found to be significantly higher than those of the males. Although the mean of the BAS scores of the patients was low, the BAS scores of those women who were at an age of 65 years or above, and those who had secondary school education or below, were significantly higher. Therefore, related research focusing on these groups should be conducted in the future.


PDF Görünüm

Referanslar

  • Alsaif, B., Elhassan, N. E. E., Itumalla, R., Ali, K. E., & Alzain, M. A. (2021). Assessing the level of awareness of covid-19 and preva-lence of general anxiety disorder among the hail community, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(13), 7035. google scholar
  • Argüder, E., Kılıç, H.,Civak, M., Kacar, D., Kay, G., Yılmaz, A. ... Kara-lezli, A. (2020). Anxiety and depression levels in hospitalized pa-tients due to Covid-19 infection. Ankara Medical Journal, 20(4), 971-981. http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/amj.2020.80775. google scholar
  • Aydemir, Ö., Güvenir, T., Küey, L., & Kültür, S. (1997). Hastane anksiyete ve depresyon ölçeği Türkçe formunun geçerlilik ve güvenilirliği [Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Hos-pital Anxiety and Depression Scale]. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 8(4), 280-287. google scholar
  • Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(6), 893-897. google scholar
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, November 29). How to protect yourself & others. Retrieved from https://www. cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/preven-tion.html google scholar
  • European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2020, No-vember 6). Infection prevention and control and preparedness for COVID-19 in healthcare settings. Retrieved from https://www.ecdc. europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/Infection-prevention-and-control-in-healthcare-settings-COVID-19_5th_update.pdf google scholar
  • Fagherazzi, G., Goetzinger, C., Rashid, M. A., Aguayo, G. A., & Huiart, L. (2020). Digital health strategies to fight COVID-19 worldwide: Challenges, recommendations, and a call for papers. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(6), e19284. google scholar
  • Gesser-Edelsburg, A., Cohen, R., Hijazi, R., & Abed Elhadi Shahbari, N. (2020). Analysis of public perception of the Israeli Govern-ment’s early emergency instructions regarding COVID-19: Online survey study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(5), e19370. google scholar
  • Golinelli, D., Boetto, E., Carullo, G., Nuzzolese, A. G., Landini, M. P., & Fantini, M. P. (2020). Adoption of digital technologies in health care during the Covid-19 pandemic: Systematic review of early scientific literature. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(11), e22280. google scholar
  • Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P... Vallieres, F. (2020). Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Psychiatrica Scan-dinavica, 142(3), 249-256. google scholar
  • Kickbusch, I., Pelikan, J. M., Apfel, F., & Tsouros, A. D. (Eds.). (2013). Health literacy: The solid facts. World Health Organization. google scholar
  • Koley, T. K., & Dhole, M. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: The deadly coronavirus outbreak. Taylor & Francis. google scholar
  • Özdin, S., & Bayrak Özdin, Ş. (2020). Levels and predictors of anxi-ety, depression and health anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkish society: The importance of gender. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(5), 504-511. google scholar
  • Ulusoy, M., Şahin, N., & Erkmen, H. (1998). Turkish version of beck anxiety inventory: Psychometric properties. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An international Quaterly, 12(2), 163-72. google scholar
  • WHO. (2020a, June 1). Maintaining essential health services during the COVID-19 outbreak. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emer-gencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/related-health-issues WHO. (2020b, June 1). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): How is it transmitted?. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/ diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-how-is-it-transmitted WHO. (2021a, May 13). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-corona-virus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19 google scholar
  • WHO. (2021b, October 1) Advice for the public: Coronavirus dis-ease (COVID-19). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergen-cies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public google scholar
  • WHO. (2022, April 13). WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) dashboard. Retrieved from https://covid19.who.int/ google scholar
  • Wolf, M. S., Serper, M., Opsasnick, L., O’Conor, R. M., Curtis, L., Bena-vente, J. Y. . Bailey, S. C. (2020). Awareness, attitudes, and actions related to COVID-19 among adults with chronic conditions at the onset of the U.S. outbreak: A cross-sectional survey. Annals of In-ternal Medicine, 173(2), 100-109. google scholar
  • Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and de-pression scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67(6), 361-370. google scholar

Atıflar

Biçimlendirilmiş bir atıfı kopyalayıp yapıştırın veya seçtiğiniz biçimde dışa aktarmak için seçeneklerden birini kullanın


DIŞA AKTAR



APA

Yıldız Aytekin, F., Küçük, E.E., Aytekin, K., & Takır, S. (2022). Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital. İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy, 52(2), 192-198. https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


AMA

Yıldız Aytekin F, Küçük E E, Aytekin K, Takır S. Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital. İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy. 2022;52(2):192-198. https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


ABNT

Yıldız Aytekin, F.; Küçük, E.E.; Aytekin, K.; Takır, S. Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital. İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy, [Publisher Location], v. 52, n. 2, p. 192-198, 2022.


Chicago: Author-Date Style

Yıldız Aytekin, Feyza, and Emine Ela Küçük and Kürşad Aytekin and Selçuk Takır. 2022. “Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital.” İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy 52, no. 2: 192-198. https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


Chicago: Humanities Style

Yıldız Aytekin, Feyza, and Emine Ela Küçük and Kürşad Aytekin and Selçuk Takır. Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital.” İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy 52, no. 2 (Feb. 2023): 192-198. https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


Harvard: Australian Style

Yıldız Aytekin, F & Küçük, EE & Aytekin, K & Takır, S 2022, 'Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital', İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 192-198, viewed 1 Feb. 2023, https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


Harvard: Author-Date Style

Yıldız Aytekin, F. and Küçük, E.E. and Aytekin, K. and Takır, S. (2022) ‘Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital’, İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy, 52(2), pp. 192-198. https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569 (1 Feb. 2023).


MLA

Yıldız Aytekin, Feyza, and Emine Ela Küçük and Kürşad Aytekin and Selçuk Takır. Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital.” İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 52, no. 2, 2022, pp. 192-198. [Database Container], https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


Vancouver

Yıldız Aytekin F, Küçük EE, Aytekin K, Takır S. Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital. İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy [Internet]. 1 Feb. 2023 [cited 1 Feb. 2023];52(2):192-198. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569 doi: 10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569


ISNAD

Yıldız Aytekin, Feyza - Küçük, EmineEla - Aytekin, Kürşad - Takır, Selçuk. Anxiety level and COVID-19 awareness of patients in a non-COVID-19 outpatient clinic of a pandemic hospital”. İstanbul Journal of Pharmacy 52/2 (Feb. 2023): 192-198. https://doi.org/10.26650/IstanbulJPharm.2022.1032569



ZAMAN ÇİZELGESİ


Gönderim04.12.2021
Kabul27.05.2022
Çevrimiçi Yayınlanma29.08.2022

LİSANS


Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


PAYLAŞ




İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları, uluslararası yayıncılık standartları ve etiğine uygun olarak, yüksek kalitede bilimsel dergi ve kitapların yayınlanmasıyla giderek artan bilimsel bilginin yayılmasına katkıda bulunmayı amaçlamaktadır. İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları açık erişimli, ticari olmayan, bilimsel yayıncılığı takip etmektedir.